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Church History Timeline

For WSB 501 - Spring 2013

Winnie Yip

on 16 September 2013

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Transcript of Church History Timeline

Adam & Eve
Fall of men
People began to call on the name of the Lord
Church History
God created Heaven & Earth
Noah's family as the only remnant
Abraham & Patriarchs
Downfall of Israel & Judah
Rebellion of men
New Testament Age
Return of the Remnant
Period of Silence
God became man
First Christians
Peace & Christendom
From family to nation
Ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, etc.
Old Testament Age
God's power shown through ten plagues
Moses & the Exodus
Torah and ten commandments
Establishment of sacrificial system & worship
Hittites, Canaanites, etc.
Davidic Kingdom
Temple Built (~950BC)
Baal worship
Philistine, enemy nations
Continuous disobedience
Divide of Israel & Judah (~928BC)
Exiles to Assyria/Babylon (~605-586BC)
Destruction of the Temple (~587BC)
Babylonian Empire
Assyrian Empire
Greek civiliation
Persian Empire
Rebuilding of Jerusalem & Temple
Old Testament laws “reinstituted”
Timeline for WSB 501, by Winnie Yip
Post Biblical Age
Heresies, Councils & Creeds
Popes, Power & Invasion
The Crusades & Theology & Change
Reforms & Expansion
Greek/Hellenistic rule (333-166BC)
Roman rule (63-4BC)
Jewish independence (166-63BC)
Temple rebuilding by Herod (19BC - 9BC, with work continue through to 64AD)
Christ's redemptive work on earth (~3BC - 30AD)
Early church established
Paul's conversion
First martyr - Stephen
Faith opened to gentiles (~49AD)
First persecution of Christians by Nero (64AD)
Gospels written
Jewish Revolt
Destruction of the Temple (70AD)
Continuous persecution under Roman emperors
(~64AD - 300AD)
Constantine “legalizes” Christianity (Edict of Milan, 313AD)
Constantinople founded as Christian capital of Roman empire (330AD)
Emperor Theodosius establish Christianity as official religion (380AD)
Arianism, Council of Nicea & Nicene Creed (325AD)
1st Council of Constantinople affirming the Nicene Creed (381AD)
Nestorianism & Council of Ephesus (431AD)
Eutychianism, Appolinarianism & Council of Chalcedon (451AD)
Council of Hippo establishes the official canon of the Bible (393AD)
God's promise to Abraham
Fallen World
Sodom & Gomorrah
Arius argued that Jesus Christ was a created being
Carefully articulated the doctrine of Trinity
Athanasius defends the doctrine despite pressure from Constantine
Supported by Constantine - State influence on Church
Nestorius taught that Jesus is two completely separate people - two persons with two distinct natures
Eutyches maintained that Christ is one person, with one nature - a new "mixed" nature that would not be completely human, nor completely divine
Apollinaris teaches that Jesus had a human body, a human soul, and a divine spirit - denies that Jesus was fully God and fully man
Articulated that Jesus is
-fully God & fully man
-one person with two natures united
-in the union of the two natures, neither one compromises the other. They are...not confused, changed, divided, or separated
Roman Empire Decline - separation of East and West
Second council of Constantinople (553AD) - denounced the "Three Chapters" and declared Mary as eternal virgin
Pre-eminence of the Pope (beginning from 80AD)
Clement of Rome (99AD) - Apostolic successions
Cyprian of Carthage (258AD) - salvation to those under the bishop appointed through Apostolic succession
Pope Damascus (366-384AD) - pre-eminence of the Roman Bishop
Pope Leo 1 (440-461AD) - claimed to be Peter's successor
Pope Gregory the Great (590-604AD) - taught speculated doctrines of Augustine as truths (e.g. Purgatory, Penance, Mass, Merit)
The writings of three Nestorians
Monasticism - Benedict of Nursia writes his Rules (530AD)
Muslim invasion (630s) - Persia, Egypt, Armenia, Levant
Missionaries to China (600s)
Debate on icons
Emperor Leo III (725AD) & Constatine V (754AD) cracksdown icons
2nd Council of Nicea (787AD) authorizes use of icons in worship (dulia - "lesser worshipful veneration")
Acacius of Constantinople excommunicated by Rome (484AD) - first break between East and West churches
Second break between East and West (858AD) - Pope Nicholas I condemns Photius of Constantinople
Great Schism between Roman Catholic and Orthodox churches (1054AD) - Bruno vs Michael and Humbert
Spread of Nestorianism (780-823AD) in India, Turkestan, China, Persia, & Syria
Urban II preaches the First Crusade (1095AD)
Preached immediate forgiveness to those who die
Unfortunately, the teachings of merits, penance, and purgatory have caused many to believe "justification by the words of the Pope"
Many were thus convinced and joined the Crusades
Crusaders captured Jerusalem (1099AD)
Crusaders slaughtered the entire Jerusalem
This event permanently affects the perception of the Christian gospel by Jews, Muslims and the modern world
Eugenius III preaches the Second Crusade (1145AD)
Third Crusade results in sacking of Constantinople (1204AD)
Byzantines recapture Constantinople (1261AD)
Monasticism (1200s) - Dominicans, Franciscans, Augustinians
emphasize theoretical nature of doctrine (more academic)
emphasize very simple living (rid of all possessions)
held to sovereignty of God in electing and redeeming sinners
Anselm (1033-1109AD) - faith and understanding, why Jesus had to be fully God and fully man
Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274AD) - applied philosophy to Christian doctrine (angelic doctor of the Roman Catholic Church)
Gabriel Biel (1420-1495AD) - salvation from obedience
Pope Clement V moves the Papacy to Avignon (1305AD)
Pope Gregory XI condemns John Wycliffe (1377AD)
Fall of Yuan dynasty brings the Chinese church to an end (1368AD)
Persecutions under Tamerlane in the East (1380s)
Council of Constance resolves 'Great Schism', restores Papacy to Rome and condemns Jan Hus (1414AD)
Fall of Constantinople to the Ottomans (1453AD)
Christianity expands - Portugal (1498AD), Congo (1509-43AD), Americas (1513AD)
Reformation ignited
-Wycliffe condemned by Pope Gregory XI (1377AD)
-Huss condemned by Council of Constance (1414AD)
-Tyndale translated and published the New Testament in English (1526AD)
Reformation in Action
-Luther, his "95 Theses", and the "Sola"s in Germany (1517AD)
-Zwingli & the "light burden of Christ" in Switzerland (1522AD)
-Anabaptists & re-baptism in Switzerland (1524AD)
-Calvin & T-U-L-I-P in Switzerland (1536AD)
-Puritans & separation from the Anglican church in English (1559-1660s)
-Renaissance (1400-1600AD)
-Henry VIII's controversy with Roman Catholic Church (1530AD)
-Mary I's persecution of Protestants (1553-58AD)
-Elizabeth I's establishment of the Anglican Church (1559AD)
-Francis Xavier to India (1542AD) and Japan (1549AD)
-Jesuits to Luanda, Angola (1553AD)
-Angustinians to Philippines (1565AD)
-Matteo Ricci to China (1583AD)
-Christian persecution in Japan (1596-1643AD)
-Chinese Rites Controversy (1704AD)
-British Empire (1583-1997AD)
The Puritans in America & attempt in changes to social order (1600s)

The Enlightenment & Deism (1600s)

The Great Awakening & personal salvation (1720-50sAD)

American War of Independence & separation of church and state (1775-83AD)
Baptists, Methodists, Edwards, Wesleys, Whitefield
The Modern Age
Post-modernism & Beyond
The Modern Age (late-1700s to mid-1900s)
Emphasis on human potential, progress, and the material world
Missionary Movement, from Carey and beyond (1799AD)
The Second Great Awakening (1801AD)
Growth of false teachings (1800sAD)
In many ways, the lack of unified church and leadership has enabled false teachings to last (e.g. Joseph Smith - Mormons, Church of Christ, Latter-Day Saints (1830AD))
The Fundamentals (1910-15AD)
1. Jesus was uniquely divine,
2. He was born of a virgin,
3. He died as a sacrifice for sin, and
4. He will come again.
5. The Bible is inerrant.
Pentecostal movement (1901AD)
Dead Sea Scrolls Discovered (1947AD)
Liberalism vs. Fundamentalism (1900s)
Evangelicalism & rise of the para-church organization (1950s)
Post-modernism (mid-1900s), pursuit of personal pleasure
World War 1 & 2
Second Vatican Council (1962-65AD)
Protestants condemnation removed
Catholic & Orthodox church excommunication sentences removed
Pope Benedict XVI reaffirmed the Roman Catholic Church as the sole true church
Worldwide church - Christianity expands all over the world
Full transcript