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Film Techniques

Camera angles, shots, etc etc

Deborah Mills

on 19 August 2011

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Transcript of Film Techniques

Film Techniques Close-up shot Mid Shot Two Shot Long Shot A close-up gives us detail. It lets us see emotions and reactions. A mid shot shows us what a character is doing; their gestures, how they relate to others 1. Shots A two-shot shows two people in the same shot. A long shot sets the scene by showing us the landscape. Also called an establishing shot. Over-the-shoulder Shot This shot looks at one character over another character's shoulder Extreme Close-up An extreme closeup gives us a lot of detail! Point-of-view Shot A point-of-view shot helps us understand what a character is experiencing. Film Techniques 2. Camera angles Eye level High angle Low angle Bird's eye view or overhead Under This shows subjects as we would expect to see them in real life. It is a fairly neutral shot. A high angle shows the subject from above, i.e. the camera is angled down towards the subject. This has the effect of diminishing the subject, making them appear less powerful, less significant or even submissive. This shows the subject from below, giving them the impression of being more powerful or dominant. The scene is shown from directly above. This is a completely different and somewhat unnatural point of view which can be used for dramatic effect or for showing a different spatial perspective. This looks directly up at something, making it look huge/scary. Film Techniques 3. Camera movement Fade in/fade out The camera either fades to black/white, or fades in from black/white. Often used to show time passing, a change of scene or a character's unconsciousness. Pan Tilt Tracking (on a dolly) Tracking (hand-held camera) Zoom The camera is mounted on a cart which travels along tracks. This follows the action; especially used in chase sequences etc. It produces a smooth, easy-to watch movement. The camera is held by a cameraman who walks with the action. This produces a jumpy, dramatic effect. Often used for chases on foot. A zoom is technically not a camera move as it does not require the camera itself to move at all. Zooming means altering the focal length of the lens to give the illusion of moving closer to or further away from the action. The camera moves vertically (up/down). Often used to show an object that is too tall to see in one frame. The camera moves horizontally (side to side). Often used to see all of a scene So... What have we learned? Write down what kind of shots, angles or movements each of the following contain. A pan would look from the DEPOT to the LIVERY A tilt might start at this man's feet and move up to his head to emphasise his height. Zoom in from this... ...to this (They may have more than one.) The camera moves from Richie McCaw to Mils Muliaina.
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