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Ch 7: Communication & Family Roles & Types
Transcript of Ch 7: Communication & Family Roles & Types
Roles = recurring patterns of behavior developed through interaction to fulfill family functions
Interactive perspective = communication creates and shapes roles
Reciprocal roles = interrelated behaviors in which a role exists in response to another (mother to son, stepparent to stepchild)
Role relinquishment = role fulfillment is temporary
listen efficiently & reflect on feelings before persuading
try to work on compromise
high on immediate persuasion attempts & low on listening or validation before persuading
comfortable with disagreement & lack of harmony
avoid persuasion attempts
try to please one another rather than addressing their own needs
Gottman's Conflict Types
How do families learn, demonstrate, adjust, or relinquish family roles?
Three Part Process
1) Role Expectations
2) Role Enactment
3) Role Negotiation
Role Appropriation Process
Society provides models and norms for how certain family roles should be assumed
"good son" "good mother" "bad kid"
Informed by cultural expectations
Role models may influence role expectations
Change over time
Role performance, the actual interactive behavior that defines how the role is enacted
Choosing to enact one role may impact ability to enact another role (e.g. women in the workforce)
A process in conjunction with others, the reality of the role is negotiated and given meaning
when couples become parents, "their ongoing conversation constructs, monitors, and modifies the new reality of their changed existence. Their new roles are appropriated into their overall identities."
Role conflict: when others have different expectations of the way a person should be performing a role
Lasting marriages existed in all three types IF a “magic ratio” of 5 positive interactions to 1 negative interaction developed over time.
Women do more of the household chores in despite the amount worked outside the home
But still tend to report their relationships as equitable and satisfying—until inequity gets too great (2/3 mark)
same-sex partnerships are more egalitarian
Gay men—share tasks more equally
Lesbians—tend to do the tasks together
Division of Household Labor
1) Read the script of a couple engaging in conflict.
2) Identify whether they are a:
A) Validating Couple
B) Volatile Couple
C) Avoidant Couple
3) Then, brainstorm the advantages/positives and pitfalls of this conflict type.
What conflict type are these?
Consider your family. How do role expectations, role enactment, role negotiation, and role conflict play out in your own family?
How do role expectations, role
enactment, role negotiation, and role conflict play out in this family?
"Within families, roles are established, grown into, grown through, discussed, negotiated, redefined, and accepted or rejected" (p. 156).
What are the differences in messages men and women receive about work and family?
How much have these messages changed in recent times? How have they stayed the same?
What are the implications for family and work life for both men and women?
Work & Family Role Expectations
McMaster Model of Family Functioning
How is this family function carried out in families?
What happens in families where these role functions are not fulfilled?
Would you modify the model? Add, modify, or remove one of the functions?
1) Providing adult sexual fulfillment and children's gender socialization
2) Providing nurturing and emotional support
3) Providing for individual development
4) Providing for kinship maintenance and family management
5) Providing basic resources
Kin-work: labor that enables families to endure over time
*Keeping in touch, planning events, organizing holidays, sending birthday cards