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Mexican Culture

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by

becca kunz

on 17 September 2013

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Transcript of Mexican Culture

Hispanic Culture
MEXICO
Common Treatments
The four humors: blood, phlegm, black pile, and yellow bile.
Balance between hot and cold, for good health.
Important to know in medical field because medication is classified as hot and cold as well.
Family is heavily relied on in Hispanic culture.
Foods

Beans
Corn products
Dairy products
Tropical fruits
Inexpensive Meats
(goat, chicken, rabbit)
Foods
Chili
Wheat products
Expensive Meats
(beef, fish)
Hot & Cold
Indigestion (empacho)
Nausea, vomiting (colico)
Fever
Headache
Sore throat
Disease
Disease
Arthritis
Chest cold
Earache
Traditional Diseases & Remedies
Disease

Mal ojo or evil eye: caused by a person with a "strong eye" and occurs when a person admires a child without touching them.
Empacho: form of upset stomach
Remedies
Fever
Cold water compresses over head, neck, and groins
Tepid baths
Alcohol rub or bath
Lots of liquids
Give teas
Diarrhea
Rice water
Increase clear liquids, no milk or food
herbal teas (mint & chamomile)
Suedro (dehydration solution made of water, sugar, lemon or banana)
Vomiting
Stop all foods, only clear liquids (rice water, 7-up, water and sugar)
Herbal teas
Suedro
Minor Burns
Wash with or place in cold water
Apply pork lard, cooking oil, or butter
Aloe vera
Raw onions
Egg whits
Cooked beans
Expected behavior during...
It comes from God
It happens for a reason
Believe that someone with evil powers can make someone ill by giving them the 'evil eye'
Openly express pain
Treatment
May not want to go to health professionals
Feel they are treated unfairly
Language barriers
High poverty levels and cannot afford medical help
Rely on traditional medicine
Folk healers
Recovery
Death
Lots of prayer
May have visits from their curandero (Mexican healer)
May see a folk healer
May not accept autopsy
Elaborate burial ceremonies
Day of the Dead celebration
Annually from October 31st to Novemeber 2nd
Families get together to honor those who have passes away
Music, food, art, and rituals
Cremation is rarely used
Women grieve more than men

Appropriate nursing interventions
Allowing family to be in room
Understand that they like to be close to people
Make sure to be firm on time of appointments
Be sure to ask them what foods they would like to eat
Hot or cold?
Believe some illnesses can by caused by what they eat or what they lack in their diet
Know some Spanish or have an interpreter
Allow them to have shrines or statures in their room that they pray to
Illness
Of the Cultural Considerations listed in Understanding Medical Surgical Nursing (communication, space, time orientation, environmental control/ health beliefs)
Which do Hispanics Americans and Europeans Americans have in common?
None
Social Organization
Nuclear family basic, extended family important
Man dominant figure
Access to healthcare
33.6% of Mexican Americans lack health insurance. 15% of total U.S. population lacks health insurance.
Socio-economic status, low income families rarely have access to health insurance, especially the Mexican American migrant working population.
Obesity
Mexico and the United States rank number 1 and 2 in the world in obesity.
Cultural Similarities
Reactions to Sign and Symptoms
Expressive Response
Mexican Americans can be generalized as having an expressive response especially to pain.
Stoic Response
Mexican Americans can have a distrust for the American healthcare system.
Patients may be withdrawn and reluctant to share information.
1) Incidence and prevalence of disease in the Hispanic population in America
a) Incidence: The number of new cases in a certain time period, usually measured in years
b) Prevalence: The total number of cases in a specific culture

Coronary Heart Disease
Coronary arteries damaged or diseased, usually from plaque build-up, causing the heart to be mal- nutritioned and eventually lead to MI

In the Hispanic culture:
Incidence: 3,355 Diagnosed in 2010
Prevalence: 3 million

Acquired Immunodeficiency syndrome/ Human Immunodeficiency Virus
What is it?
Disease of the human immune system, transmitted by bodily fluids, no cure

In the Hispanic culture:
Incidence : 7,442 Hispanics diagnosed in 2009
Prevalence: 585/100,000 means approx. 29,000 Hispanic Americans have HIV/Aids.

Diabetes Mellitus
What is it?
is a disease in which a person pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or a persons cells do not respond to the insulin being produced causing high blood sugar

In the Hispanic culture:
Incidence: 5,156 diagnosed in 2010, as Hispanics are more unlikey to go to the doctor, it is said that they is just as many living with diabetes undiagnosed as there is diagnosed.
Prevalence: 11.8% of Hispanics have been diagnosed, approx. 5 million.
Incidence & Prevalence
The Mexican National Nutrition Survey 1999 showed that obesity ({BMI} >30) among women aged 18 to 49 increased from 9% in 1988 to 24% in 1999. If we add overweight (BMI =25.0-29.9) to the mix, the percentage of overweight or obese women increased from 33% to 59% in just one decade.
3 out of 4 Mexican American adults (aged >20 years) were either overweight or obese at the end of the 20th century.
Obesity is also a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes, and where obesity is rising we can expect diabetes to follow.
Meeting the demand for public health care services caused by diabetes will alone cost Mexico $318 million in 2005, 26% more than in 2003.
Efficacy studies show that lifestyle changes can effectively reduce the incidence of diabetes in person at high risk. We need effective programs that promote healthy lifestyles and make screening and sound case management widely available.
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