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Steven Noel

on 17 September 2013

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Excel and Lack in Society
Underage alcohol fatalities have declined 35% in the past 2 decades.
AA meetings help those with alcohol addictions overcome
Overall alcohol consumption has gone down each year since 1970.
Ages 65 years and older are more likely to binge drink than any other age group.
College students also have a major problem with binge drinking.
Also need to do a better job of keeping alcohol away
from younger children and high schoolers.
Chapter 11 Drinking Alcohol Responsibly
Health Concerns

Not drinking responsibly can damage ones body in many ways from memory impairment to lowered disease resistance and even death.
Alcohol is classified as a diuretic which causes ones body to become dehydrated, that in turn leads to "morning after effects".
A hangover is the body's way of telling the drinker to not consume as much alcohol. Symptoms of a hangover include, headaches, upset stomach, diarrhea, anxiety and thirst.

Alcohol poisoning is another health concern that is a consequence of irresponsible drinking. It is a " potentially lethal blood alcohol concentration that inhibits the brains ability to control consciousness, respiration, and heart rate."

Enjoying alcohol irresponsibly also leads to poor sexual decision making. About 1 in 5 college students report to having sex with someone they just met because of alcohol, and often the sex is unprotected. (Donatelle)

Fact: 3 in 10 Americans will be involved in an alcohol related accident at some time in their lives(Donatelle).

The short term and long term effects of drinking irresponsibly are severe
and can cause serious shocks to ones nervous system, cardiovascular system, and can even result in death.

Lack and excel as individuals
Overspending money on alcohol instead of spending the money on more beneficial items.
Giving into peer pressure and not just saying no
Rewards system that determine the amount of drinks you can have based on how much work you've accomplished. "Work hard play later"
Participating in self help groups and other organizations that keep us on the straight and narrow.
Not pre-gaming before going out and therefor, not getting as drunk
Oster, Emily, ed. "Take Back Your Pregnancy." Editorial. Http://online.wsj.com/. N.p., n.d. Web.

"Breaking News Headlines: Business, Entertainment & World News." The Debate On Lowering Drinking Age. CBSNews. CBS Interactive, n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2013.
Alcohol in the body and how to measure it
Learning about alcohol absorption and metabolism can help a person better understand the affects alcohol has on their body and how to avoid life-threatening alcohol related circumstances.
The PROOF of an alcoholic drink is a measure of the percentage of alcohol in the beverage.
The higher the proof means the stronger the drink
Alcohol percentage is half the given proof, and drinks with lower alcohol percentages effect ones body far less than those that are higher.
One 12oz beer = 5% alcohol
Malt liquor= 7% alcohol
5oz table wine =12% alcohol
80 proof spirits =40% alcohol
Many factors play a role in how fast your body will absorb alcohol, but the major ones are a persons weight, metabolism, body mass index and mood.
For the most part, the breakdown of alcohol occurs at a rate of about
.5 ounce per hour which is the equivalent of one drink. (Donatelle)
Important Information
It is important to remember that alcohol is a drug, and if it is not used responsibly it can be dangerous.
90 % of people who drink are classified as moderate, light, or infrequent drinkers.
Alcohol consumption among Americans has declined steadily since the 1970's, but it is still import to know how to drink safely and responsibly.(Donatelle)
Drinking while pregnant debate
Most limits are based on drinking during pregnancy are backed with strong medical research. In the article done by the Wallstreet Journal by Emily Oster "Frequent heavy drinking or binge drinking can cause fetal alcohol syndrome, with serious long-term consequences for your child. " she also argues against the fact. She also compared different studies done by British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. The sample group for the studies were 3000 women. The researchers compared the mothers' drinking level at 18 weeks of pregnancy with the children's behavior issues at age 2. They found that 11% of the children whose mothers did not drink during pregnancy had behavior problems—versus 9% of the children of light drinkers and 11% of the children of moderate drinkers. (Nearly 14% of 2-year-olds whose mothers occasionally drank had behavior problems, but the difference is small and, statistically, could have occurred by chance.) The results were very similar for older kids. Some would argue that a glass of wine or two can relax the mother. Less stress would make for a healthier baby. One frequently cited study from the journal Pediatrics, published in 2001, interviewed women about their drinking while they were pregnant and then contacted them for a child behavior assessment when their children were about 6. The researchers found some evidence that lighter drinking had an impact on behavior and concluded that even one drink a day could cause behavior problems.

Drinking age Debate
According to a report done on CBSNEWS. When the age was raised to 21 in the mid-1980s, the goal was to reduce highway fatalities. But everyone knows that the 21 age limit hasn't stopped minors from drinking. Do you feel as though the drinking age really stops 18 year olds in college to stop drinking? College students will to go basements, fraternity houses and locked dorm rooms, to hide from the law and from adults, including parents, who might teach them some moderation. Mark Beckner, the chief of police in Boulder, Colo was asked what the advantage is to lowering the age to 18, Beckner said, "The overall advantage is we're not trying to enforce a law that's unenforceable. The abuse of alcohol and the over-consumption of alcohol and DUI driving. Those are the areas we've gotta focus our efforts. Not on chasing kids around trying to give 'em a ticket for having a cup of beer in their hand." Others would argue that 18year old "kids" are not mature enough to make decisions under "mind altering substances." Take for instance a 18 year old student drowing in his own vomit because he drank to much and passed out on his back. His friends who are also underage are just not responcible. "Why don't we trust these young adults to make the same kind of responsible decisions about alcohol that we believe them capable of making in the voting booth, in the jury box, on the battlefield?" says John McCardel of CNN. Chuck Hurley the author of the book "Mothers Against Drunk Driving states that "When the United States reduced its drinking age in the seventies it was a public health disaster. Death rates in the states that reduced their drinking age jumped 10 to 40 percent," Hurley explained. After the drinking age was raised to 21, the number of traffic fatalities among 18 to 20 year olds declined by 13 percent, which is why Hurley has some public health organizations of his side.

What is your stance on this issue ? Should the age be 18? 21?

Blood alcohol concentration or (BAC) is a ratio of alcohol to total blood volume. The higher the ratio the more prevalent the effects.

BAC Concentration
Donatelle, Rebecca. Access to Health. 13th.ed. New York: Pearson, 2012. Print.
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