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Cycles Approach to Phonological Patterns
Transcript of Cycles Approach to Phonological Patterns
What is being cycled? ---Everything! What is a cycle?
A set of therapy sessions targeting phonological patterns while quickly rotating through phonemes.
* One cycle will cover all patterns needing remediation
* several phonemes will be used during each pattern
* phonemes change every 60 min of therapy
* patterns will be recycled until they are mastered
Why use cycles?
*NOT elimination of inappropriate patterns
*helps children acquire appropriate phonological patterns
Who are cycles for?
* highly unintelligible children *>3
2 Syllable Words (60 min) 5 target words
3 Syllable Words (60 min) 5 target words
Final Consonant Deletion /f,n / 60 min
Final Cons. Deletion /p,k/ 60 min
Final Cons Deletion /t,m/ 60min
Initial Consonant Deletion /b,t/ 60 min
Initial Cons. Deletion /l,g/ 60 min
Initial Cons. Deletion /d,h/ 60 min
** Each pattern needing
remediation is worked on each cycle
1.Review - previous session's words
2.Auditory Bombardment - recorded or live
3.Word Cards - verbal production, color
4.Production Practice - interactive game, conversation
5.Stimulability Probing - determine next phoneme
6.Auditory Bombardment - same as 2
7.Phonological Awareness - literacy practice
8.Home Program - parent involvement Therapy Session Stengths:
Phonemes are a means to an end
...not the end goal.
Success & challenges happen simultaneously
Research supports its efficacy
Utilizes time rather than criterion to pace therapy
Efficient form of therapy
Predominately for highly unintelligible clients
Switching tasks frequently Strengths & Limitations Beginning Cycles Cycles Guidelines http://www.expressionsspeech.com/Google%20Docs/Cycles%20Guidelines.pdf
ASHA Leader article written by Barbara Hodson
Hodson, B. W., Scherz, J. A., & Strattman, K. H. (2002). Evaluating Communicative Abilities of a Highly Unintelligible Preschooler. American Journal Of Speech-Language Pathology, 11(3), 236. Hodson's Assessment of Phonological Processes -3
*administered to determine patterns of target
*begin with processes occurring > 40% Cycles Approach