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Copy of Physiological responses to Sports Injury

How the body responses to injury


on 29 November 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Physiological responses to Sports Injury

Physiological Responses
to Sports Injury

Lack of Function
Repair Phase
Remodelling phase
is the sequence of reactions which take place in the
body in response to injury
. Inflammation can result not just from physical injury, but also thermal injury, electrical injury, chemical injury, infection or immune reactions.

The inflammatory process is considered a
defence reaction
, and very much part of the
healing process
The Healing process
Inflammatory Response Phase
stage of soft-tissue healing
is when the first
structural repair work begins
, with the development of a
network of capillaries and lymphatics
. This means that the injury site now has improved
circulation and drainage.
Typically by the
fourth or fifth day
, a weak mesh of
fibrous connective tissue
has been laid down at the injury site. At this stage, the newly formed tissue is
fragile, vascular and vulnerable to re-injury
The repairing (
) tissue contains collagen fibres and is moderately fragile. The fibres of collagen are initially randomly arranged, but
over time
and with
careful rehabilitation
, they become
along the lines of the
external stress
that are placed upon them during both
normal activities and rehabilitation exercises
The injured area will usually look red because the
blood vessels surrounding the site dilate
, which also has the effect of making the injured area feel...
The swelling occurs because the
surrounding blood vessels
, allowing blood to
bleed into the areas
and the tissue fluid to gather around the injury site
When the injured area starts to swell, it will
feel painful.
This is due to the swelling
creating pressure on the nerves
surrounding the damaged tissue.
The injured area will show a reduced function or a total inability function because of the pain and swelling.
Assessment 3 - Task 1a (2C.P5)

the physiological responses common to most sports injuries

the physiological & psychological responses common to most sports injuries

the physiological & psychological responses common to most sports injuries
body's clotting mechanism seals the end
of the torn blood vessels so that
further blood plasma cannot escape into the surrounding tissues
. As the
immediate effects of injury subside
healing/repair process begins
. This consists of:

of swelling

of debris and blood clot

of new blood capillaries

of initial fibrous scar tissue.

12 hours,
and for the
first four days
, the cells soon become active and
new capillary blood vessels form
and gradually
to establish a
new circulation
in the area.

Unit 10: Injury and the Sports Performer

Assessment Activity 3 – Hands on stuff!

This can be found on the work sheet drive!


After completing your First Aid qualification you have been working at your local (insert sport) club for a number of months now and have had to attend a number of individuals who have suffered sports injuries.

You decide to run a session educating some of the other players and members of the club so that you are not there only point of call if something does happen. You decide that the session needs to;

Task 1a - Describe the physiological response to injury (2C.P5)


You decide the most appropriate way to achieve Task 1a is to deliver a presentation but for Task 1b you decide to undertake some role play activities to demonstrate the management of some different sports injuries. You quickly put a plan together of information you need to cover…


Lets make a start on the next piece of work!
Full transcript