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Transcript of UNITED NATIONS
By Alex Pearson
Conflict Prevention and Peacemaking
Peace & Security
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
The International Court of Justice, also known as the World Court, is the main judicial organ of the UN. Its 15 judges are elected by the General Assembly and the Security Council, voting independently and concurrently. The Court decides disputes between countries, based on the voluntary participation of the States concerned. If a State agrees to participate in a proceeding, it is obligated to comply with the Court's decision. The Court also gives advisory opinions to the United Nations and its specialized agencies.
The United Nations was established in 1945
U.N peacekeepers are deployed in war zones to keep the local people from harm. These peacekeepers are from elite grups of all the nations armies that are members of the U.N.
The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs is a United Nations body formed in December 1991 by General Assembly Resolution The resolution was designed to strengthen the UN's response to complex emergencies and natural disasters, being a natural progression of the Department of Humanitarian Affairs which replaced the Office of the United Nations Disaster Relief Coordinator . In 1998, due to reorganisation, DHA merged into the OCHA and was designed to be the UN focal point on major disasters. Its mandate was expanded to also include the coordination of humanitarian response, policy development and humanitarian advocacy. It is a sitting observer of the United Nations Development Group.