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Transcript of Tecumseh
Born in 1768, Died in 1813
Brother to Tenskwatawaw
Preached for the unity of the Native American people
lived in the Ohio area
unity of his people
particularly through a central Confederacy
Acomodationists vs. Traditionalists
Acomodationists: Native Americans that chose to adopt some European ways
Traditionalists: Native Americans that called for native purity by rejecting contact with whites
Tecumseh and Tenskwatawa were traditionalists
Battle of Fallen Timbers and the Treaty of Greenville
this Battle signified the end of the Pan-Indian movement
most damaging battle to the Americans between themselves and the Natives as far as casualties
Battle of Fallen Timbers lead directly to the Treaty of Greenville
War of 1812
As this war approached Tecumseh stressed the need for unity
Fought on the side of the British and the Canadians
Major force in American defeat
Without the help of Tecumseh and his people, modern Canadians would likely be American
A religious man
brother to Tecumseh
later known as "The Prophet"
preachings of the need for unity became religious values
Tecumseh used his teachings to achieve his goals
Western Confederacy of the 1790s
Est in 1808
Created by Tecumseh and his tribe
pillaged and destroyed by Indiana Governor Harrison
Western Confederacy revived after by the brothers
Battle of Thames
surprise attack by the US
Tecumseh insisted on staying and fighting
Tecumseh dies during this battle
huge lose of allegiance
"It is you, the Americans, by such bad deeds, who push the red men to do mischief. You do not want unity among the tribes, and you destroy it. You try to make differences between them. We, their leaders, wish them to unite and consider their land the common property of all, but you try to keep them from this. You separate the tribes and deal with them that way, one by one, and advise them not to come into this union. Your states have set an example of forming a union among all the Fires, why should you censure the Indians for following that example?
But, brother, I mean to bring all the tribes together, in spite of you, and until I have finished, I will not go to visit your president. Maybe I will when I have finished, maybe. The reason I tell you this, you want, by making your distinctions of Indian tribes and allotting to each a particular tract of land, to set them against each other, and thus to weaken us."
Problems Caused By Spanish in Florida
Mississippi River closed to American Shipping
Goal: minimize American Trade and Settlement in frontier areas
The Problems Were Solved After...
The French Revolution in 1789
Neutrality Proclamation of 1793
French and British Reactions
both seized American Ships
violated the neutrality proclamation
This Led To...
1794: Chief Justice of the Supreme Court (John Jay) sent to England
Goal: gain recognition of U.S. neutrality through negotiation with the British
British surrender of military posts in the northwest
commercial treaty with Britain
granted U.S. "most favored nation" status
restricted U.S. trade with the British West Indies
British able to seize U.S. goods bound for France as long as they paid for the goods
French goods on American ships - confiscated without payment by the British
worried about a close British-American relationship
didn't want an Anglo-American alliance that would lead to the invasion of Spanish territory in North America
Manuel de Godoy requested a representative of the U.S. to negotiate a new treaty between Spain and the U.S.
Thomas Pinckney sent to negotiate
Pinckney successful in:
Demarcating a border
Mississippi river open to U.S. navigation
Port of New Orleans open to the deposit of U.S. goods
Voided Spanish military support to Native Americans
Ratified in congress in 1796
Affect of Pinckney's Treaty
neutralized Spain as a threat to the U.S.
allowed for much more freedom for U.S. citizens to expand westward
Kaplan APUSH review book
Give Me Liberty! Chapter 8