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Artificial Intelligence

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Victoria Stamper

on 3 December 2014

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Transcript of Artificial Intelligence


Artificial Intelligence
Topic:

How are artificial intelligence characters in the future portrayed in science fiction literature?

Main Points
Definition
Artificial Intelligence is the intelligence exhibited by machines or software. An intelligent agent perceives it's environment and takes actions that maximize the chances of success
The three main themes of personification in AI are:

- Free will of AI characters
- AI characters' questions around origin
- Relationships and emotions of AI characters
Theme 1: Free Will
- Free will is the first main method of AI personification in science fiction texts
- Free will is a prominent theme in the suggestion of AI characters as having self-determination
"The apparent human ability to make choices that are not externally determined "
Free Will in "Robot Dreams"
"And Elvex said, 'I was the man'"
Free Will in "Blade Runner"
"Quite an experience to live in fear, isn't it? That's what it is to be a slave"
Theme 3: Social Relationships
"Affective computing is the study and development of systems and devices that can recognize, interpret, process, and simulate human affects."
AI characters, serve two main themes:
Service
- AI given empathy to relate to humans
Free Will - AI exerts free will and develops social skills without directives to do so.
Social Relationships in "Eurema's Dam"
"Why, he's wonderful," Alice said. "Why can't you be more like that, Albert?"
Social Relationships in "Wall-E"
Conclusion
1. Why do you think we give AI human qualities?
2. If artificial intelligence could ever achieve the same mental and emotional capacities as humans, what would set us apart?
3. Why do you think the pursuit of origin is so important to our perception of intelligence?
4.How does one's capacity to create meaningful social relationships effect the human experience and chances of success?

Summary
Presentation of Social Relationships
Based in the future of an uninhabitable Earth.

WALL-E was designed to clean Earth.


WALL-E is unique because he collects items of interest, mimics and desires social interaction.

EVE, (another robot) was sent to Earth to find the proof of plant life.

In the process of discovering plant life and traveling to the humans in space WALL-E develops a social relationship with EVE.

WALL-E and EVE's romance is the strongest reoccurring motif throughout.
Displays of emotion and compassion
Affection / mimicking human romance

Other examples can be seen through:
The friendship and teamwork of the "broken robots" to help WALL-E and EVE.
Relationship between WALL-E and his pet cockroach

Summary
Revolves around a character and his inventions, their intelligence, and a perceived lack of intelligence.

Albert, the main character relies heavily on his creations to function and complete daily tasks.

His reliance on his creations leads to his eventual downfall.
Presentation of Social Relationships
The presentation of social relationships in Eurema's Dam contain both themes of servitude, and free will.

Albert's machine named Danny, is given all the same personality attributes that Albert has without the crippling self doubt that overwhelms Albert's stream of consciousness.

Pursuit of Origin in "But Who Can Replace a Man"
Pursuit of Origin in "Prometheus"
Thesis
The main representation of artificial intelligence in the future is as being so advanced that it becomes socially intelligent and personified, demonstrated through AI actions concerning their free will, origin, and human-like relationships in science fiction texts
Theme 2: Pursuit of Origin
The pursuit of and origin is a primary theme that shows up in many stories relating to AI.

Summary
Presentation of Free Will
- Android "replicants" are so humanlike that they start to have self-determination and rebel from their slave roles

- Replicants are limited to a four-year lifespan

- If they live for too long, their experiences cause them to develop emotions.

- Deckard is a special police officer tasked with hunting down and destroying replicants

- Since the replicants are limited to 4 year lifespans, they decide what is important in their short time

- Having the same ultimate life goal of humans: to make life longer

- Despite being programmed as workers, they still build their own ambitions and rebel
Summary
Presentation of Free Will
- A robot (nicknamed Elvex) has dreams of leading a revolution.

- Elvex's dreams a result of a programming experiment

- Elvex's creator scolded, Elvex destroyed after discoering he saw himself as a man in his dream


- Sigmund Freud states in his theory of psychoanalysis that dreams are ways of safely expressing repressed feelings and desires.

- Is the dream a way of suggesting Elvex's repressed desires?

- Elvex developing his own ambitions outside of programming, since he wasn't programmed to specifically dream about that
"Myths are symbolic narratives. These are the stories which tell us who we are, what the world means, and what is required of us."
Summary
Presentation of Origin
-2012 Film by Ridley Scott

-Scientists discover a large number of cave paintings all over the world that depict ancient civilizations worshipping a giant who points to a distant star system

-the humans that made these paintings could not have known about the star system at the time the paintings were made, nor could they have communicated to each other about it (they were all visited by these enormous creators of humanity)

-The scientists believe that these giants engineered life on Earth and they set out to discover our creators
-The desire to meet our makers and the question of why we were made

-Peter Weyland refers to the android David as “the closest thing to a son he’ll ever have” (no one realizes David is an android until this point)

-David seems more human than one of the actual human characters

-David is personified because humans are “more comfortable around [our] own kind”
Summary
Presentation of Origin
-Robots who work on isolated, automated farm fail to receive instruction from human masters

-They soon find out that humanity has died off due to food shortages

-A group of robots from the farm heads out into the world to seek a purpose now that they have nobody giving them orders

-The machines resemble farm equipment but can still speak to one another
-The machines possess the human drive to discover the fate of their creators as well as a purpose in life

-The robots have different levels of intelligence which mirrors the upper-lower class system seen in human society

-having outlasted humanity, are machines better than people or are people still above than machines?

-the machines end up killing one another
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