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Italian Education System

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Zach Visco

on 20 March 2014

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Transcript of Italian Education System

Education System

In Italian high schools, students do not change classrooms or classmates. Sometimes teacher will move from one room to another in order to teach different subjects. The classes are the same the first two years, then differ the last three years of high school as students begin to specialize on their learning interests. This differs from American schools, where students change rooms and classmate for each subject starting in middle school. Another difference is that students do not "specialize" according to their intended career tracks. Students are still required to take courses that may not pertain to their career because they are not required to determine their career choice by the end of high school.
Education is perceived as a right, not a privilege, so each class elects two representatives to protect and voice the interests of the students within that class. In America, the same sentiment holds true with school attendance being compulsory up to a certain age. American high schools will have representatives within the student body rather than each class. Their roles within the school are less serious than that of their Italian counterparts.
During this portion of education, students must pass an annual exam in order to be eligible to graduate and gain entry into university. With No Child Left Behind, most states now require students to pass a standardized exam in order to continue to the next grade. However, for college entrance, universities require either the SAT or the ACT, which are not required by any high school.
Instead of A-F or 0-100% as in the American system, Italian schools deliver final grades on a scale of 0-10, with 10 being the best.
Italian high schools are geared towards social cohesion as a class. This is bolstered by lack of extracurricular activities and sports outside of PE class. Schools do not sponsor dances, so everyone is able to go to local discos.
There is fewer cliquish behavior that occurs in Italian high schools as opposed to American high schools. Bullying and physical violence is something that happens scarcely is not tolerated by most administrations.
As opposed to the hundreds of universities in the US, Italy has forty-two state universities, six private universities, three technical universities, and twelve specialized universities.
Each university in the US has either a bachelors of science, or a bachelors of arts degree. Meanwhile Italian universities offers four main diplomas: university diplomas, a bachelor or arts/science diploma, a research diploma, and a diploma of specialization.
Like American universities, entrance to universities is determined by a nationwide entrance exam administered to students upon graduation from their higher secondary school. The exam is a combination of a written and oral exam.
All students in Italy have the opportunity to attend university if they complete five years of secondary school and receive their diploma.
A bachelor's degree in Italy generally takes three years to achieve. An additional year is needed for people who wish to teach. Most US degrees require four years, minimum.
Additionally, students have the opportunity to pursue masters and doctorate levels in various subjects, including engineering, humanities, education, among others.
Elementary School
Higher Education
High School
Istituto Tecnico Economico Agostino Bassi
Lodi, Italy
University of Bologna
Bologna, Italy
Primary School
Aosta Valley, Italy
Works Cited
Many children go to nursery school in Italy beginning at age 3. Every child is entitled to attend, but it is not mandatory.
Formal, mandatory education begins with elementary school at age 6. Children are in elementary school for 5 years.
Children study math, science, Italian, English, geography, computer science, music, and history. Religious instruction is optional.
Classes are small, usually between 10 and 25 students.
At age 11, students graduate elementary school and go to lower secondary school or middle school.
Sam Zirebwa
Jesse Randolph
Zach (3) Visco
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