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The Early Republic, 1796-1804
Transcript of The Early Republic, 1796-1804
In this PowerPoint, you will learn about
Conflict in John Adams Administration
The "Revolution of 1800"
Republicanism in Action
Challenge and Uncertainty in Jefferson's America
Defintions of Key Words
Chapter 8 Outline
Repression & Protest Election in 1798 increased Federalist majorities in both houses in Congress Federalists proposed new laws to destroy all opposition & weaken political activities by immigrants The Alien Acts extended residency requirements for citizenship Gave the president power to imprison or deport foreigners who were deemed dangerous. As an example, Federalists passed the Sedition Act. The Sedition Act outlawed conspiracies to block the enforcement of federal laws as well as prohibiting the publication or utterance of any criticism of the government or officials that would bring either “into contempt or disrepute.” Republicans complained that the Alien and Sedition Acts violated the Bill of Rights. Madison and Jefferson based their Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions on the Tenth Amendment
1. How did Federalists manipulate the crisis with France in 1798 for their own political advantages? 2. What steps did Republicans take to counter Federalists manipulations?
The Federalists were not just about to leave office without setting up some kind of defenses for the political and economic machinery they had constructed. During the last few days in office federalists pass the Judiciary Act of 1801, which created 16 new federal judgeships, 6 additional circuit courts, and a massive structure of federal Marshals and clerks. It revealed that the some political parties were selfish and would sacrifice everything to win and to gain more power and votes; consequently, the Federalists crumbled altogether, lost the election, and received a bad reputation for their manipulations.
3. How did Federalists respond to losing the election of 1800? What does this response reveal about political attitudes?
On Page 181-182
4. What did Thomas Jefferson mean by the statement "Every difference of opnion is not a difference of principles"?
He means that although everyone has an opinion about what goes on doesn't mean that it changes the principles."a party is an association of honest men for honest purposes."
Key Word Terms
In January 1802, Republicans in Congress proposed the repeal of the 1801 Judiciary Act, arguing that the expanded court system was unnecessary. Constitution contained no provision for the Supreme Court issue such orders as he Judiciary Act of 1789 required and therefore that portion of the law was unconstitutional. But political realities forced them to accept Marshall's decision in these cases if they wanted to block Adams's hand picked men from assuming lifetime appointments in powerful judicial position.
6. What legal maneuvers did Republicans initiate to deal with defenses Federalists put in place in 1801?
7a. During Jefferson’s presidency, he had to have a peace treaty put in place to carry out his vision for the country. Jefferson did not want America to continue paying pirates so he decided to launch a war on the pirates.
7b. There were pirates controlling the northern coast of Africa being paid by the United States. President Jefferson no longer wanted to pay the pirates so he decided he would launch a war on them. Many U.S Navy Warships were captured. To have them released, the United States negotiated a peace treaty. In this treaty, the United States agreed to pay the pirates 60,000 to the pirates and they promised to no longer attack American ships.
7. What policies did Jefferson pursue to carry out his vision for the country? What obstacles did he encounter?
During Jefferson’s presidency, American life changed because there was a baby boom. The baby boom preceded the Revolution. Many young people had migrated to the West upon the discovery of new territories. Despite young people coming for land, they didn’t always get it right away. Generally, older people owned properties and the land so they distributed it how they wanted to. So typically, young Americans were not independent until they reached their thirties.
8. How did American life change during Jefferson’s presidency?
9a. Neither the African Americans nor the Native Americans had a role. Both if these groups were treated unfairly during the Jefferson Era. These two groups endured different forms of mistreatment. Jefferson himself found African Americans to be inferior to whites and he was also a slave-owner.
9b. Some African Americans responded to this mistreat by creating their own institutions.
9. How did Native Americans and African Americans figure into Jefferson’s vision of America? How did each group respond to its circumstances?
To split elections, unfair laws againist immigrants and citizens, and to justice, to a soon to be peaceful nation. Chapter 8 elaborates on how America was two and now one, justice for all, and the roles of races who played a big lead in the Early Republic.