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The Battle of Antietam - Cheatham SNCS

The Battle of Antietam
by

Julie Georgas

on 21 March 2012

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Transcript of The Battle of Antietam - Cheatham SNCS

The Battle of Antietam! The battle began on September 17th at 5:30 a.m, and ended
at 5:30 that afternoon! The battle occured near Fredrick, Maryland. A Union
corporal found three cigars that had a paper wrapped
around them. The paper had Robert E. Lee's exact plans and
positions for all of his soldiers. Interesting Facts; The Battle of Antietam was the bloodiest day in all of American history. There were 23,000 dead or wounded from both armies.
DEATHS OF THE BATTLE Confederate Losses Killed-1,512
Wounded-7,816
Captured/Missing-1,844 Union Losses Killed-2,108
Wounded-9,549
Captured/Missing-753 McClellan's battle plan was to start the battle by attacking Lee's left. Support would be provided from 2 other corps . He hoped that this would force the left to move in towards the middle of the Confederate Army. At the same time IX corps would attack Lee's right flank and prevent any access of other army escaping. Then, all of the Union Army at Antietam would attack the middle, crushing the Confederate Army. The Union Battle Plan Over 23,000 soldiers from both sides
were killed or wounded! Map: Positions Of The Battle 36 casualties occured every minute for 12 hours straight! This battle was also known as the Battle
of Sharpsburg. In World War Two, the Union lost only half
as many soldiers as they did in the Battle of
Anitietam! The second phase of The Battle of Antietam started around 10:00 in the morning. The Union attack would be aimed at the Confederate Center. There were a few Confederate troops along a sunken lane, that is now known as Bloody Lane. As the Confederate troops tried to hide where they were, they saw the Union troops. The divison saw them and they began to shoot at the troops. BLOODY LANE Food Soldiers would do almost anything for a decent meal, a commonly eaten food by the soldiers was hardtack, the soldiers called hardtack "sheep-iron crackers." Hardtack is a type of cracker or biscuit made up of flour, water and sometimes salt. McClellan's Mistake After the surrender of Harper's Ferry, Sept. 15, 1862, Robert E. Lee felt himself in a dangerous position, because General Franklin had entered Pleasant Valley that very morning and threatened the severance of his army. Lee at once took measures to concentrate his forces. He withdrew his troops from South Mountain and took position in the Antietam valley, near Sharpsburg, Md. Jackson, by swift marches, had recrossed the Potomac and joined Lee on Antietam Creek. When the Confederates left South Mountain, McClellan's troops followed them. Lee's plans were opposed, and he found himself ready to fight. McClellan wanted to wait before his troops attacked the confederate army. these actions of McClellan's gave Robert E. Lee enough time to join up with Jackson. If only McClellan attacked before Lee joined with Jackson many Union soldiers will still be alive at that time. McClellans Mistake After the surrender of Harper's Ferry, Sept. 15, 1862, Robert
E. Lee felt himself in a dangerous position, because General Franklin had entered Pleasant Valley that very morning and threatened the severance of his army. Lee at once took measures to concentrate his forces. He withdrew his troops from South Mountain and took position in the Antietam valley, near Sharpsburg, Md. Jackson, by swift marches, had recrossed the Potomac and joined Lee on Antietam Creek. When the Confederates left South Mountain, McClellan's troops followed them. Lee's plans were opposed, and he found himself ready to fight. McClellan wanted to wait before his troops attacked the confederate army. these actions of McClellan's gave Robert E. Lee enough time to join up with Jackson. If only McClellan attacked before Lee
joined with Jackson many Union soldiers will still be
alive at that time. McClellan's Mistake The Battle of Antietam gave President Lincoln the ammo to write the Emancipation Proclomation. The Confederate retreat gave Abraham Lincoln the "victory" that he wanted. From a military point of view it was a draw, but the Union claimed it as a victory! How Winning the Battle of Antietam Helped the Union The Generals The last phase of the Battle of Antietam happened where a stone bridge crossed Antietam Creek. General Ambrose Burnside was the Union commander attacking Lee's right. As they finished attacking Bloody Lane the Union stared to heavily bombard the bridge. During mid afternoon, thousands of the Union troops began to move towards the Confederate weak left flank. Lee's army kept fighting out of desperation. Burnside, however did not notice that A.P. Hill was coming up on his left flank. The soliders slammed into each other as the tide of the battle was turned. Both sides retreated and camped out for the night. The next day they both waited for the other side to start the battle but neither of them did. On September 18, Lee retreated back to the South, and that was the end of the Battle of Antietam. BURNSIDE BRIDGE If the soldier saw any bugs on their hardtack, they wouldn't flick the bug off, they would just eat it! They always were so hungry, they didn't really mind the bugs! The first phase of the Battle of Antietam started at
6:00 in the morning when a Union general had 35 cannons fire on the Confederates. Confederates began to rain heavy musket fire on them. The Union soilders began to fall rapidly as they marched forward into a 40 acre cornfield. Eyewittness account: by noon,the corn was gone, cut to the ground by bullets and cannon shells. The field was covered with dead or broken men. The Cornfield Antietam! . Union Confederate

McCleallan Lee
Hooker Jackson
Masfield Staurt
Sumner A.P. Hill
Franklin D.H Hill
Porter Longstreet
Burnside


The End The Battle of Antietam was the bloodiest
day in all of American History! THE END The South was extremely dissapointed that the Confederatedes were pushed back from invading the North. This loss however, made the Confederates mad, angry, and determined to win the next battle. How the South Felt About the Outcome Dear Family,
I wanted to tell you about my wonderous journeys... BATTERY-a unit of artillery that is the same as a company

BRIGADE-a large amount of troops

CAMPAIN-many military operations that makes a distinct phase

CASULTY-a military person that is lost from death,sickness having an injury or being captured.

ENGAGEMENT-an an encounter of military forces

GARRISON- a military post

REGIMENT-a military unit

SURRENDER-to give someone control of something

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VOCABULARY WE HOPE YOU ENJOYED OUR PREZI!! Sincerely,
Sarah,
Natalie,
Christine
and
Sophia Union Confederate
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