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Figurative Language

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Ryan Hakim

on 23 May 2013

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Transcript of Figurative Language

To Kill a Mockingbird Aim: How does Nelle Harper Lee’s use of figurative language better help us understand the novel? Simile Personification What is Personification? Checkpoint C Example Checkpoint B Examples Independent Activity What is a Simile Checkpoint A Examples Metaphor A metaphor compares two unlike terms without using the words like or as America is a melting pot. A figure of speech that compares two things by using the words like or as His skin was as cold as ice Describe one of the following characters using one simile. Be prepared to share with the class

Atticus Dill
Scout Boo
Culprina
Jem Listen to the following audio clip then do the following:

1) Write down the similes you heard
2) Decide the comparison the simile is making (its meaning)
3) Feel free to discuss with a partner A figure of speech in which an inanimate object is
given human trait/qualities. Describe the following picture using personification The trees were dancing in the wind What is figurative language? Figurative language is a word or phrase that departs from everyday literal language for the sake of comparison or emphasis What are the different types of figurative language? ---
Litotes
A figure of speech consisting of an understatement in which an affirmative is expressed by negating its opposite.


Metaphor
An implied comparison between two unlike things that actually have something important in common.


Metonymy
A figure of speech in which one word or phrase is substituted for another with which it is closely associated; also, the rhetorical strategy of describing something indirectly by referring to things around it.


Onomatopoeia
The use of words that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to.


Oxymoron
A figure of speech in which incongruous or contradictory terms appear side by side.


Paradox
A statement that appears to contradict itself.


Personification
A figure of speech in which an inanimate object or abstraction is endowed with human qualities or abilities.


Pun
A play on words, sometimes on different senses of the same word and sometimes on the similar sense or sound of different words.


Simile
A stated comparison (usually formed with "like" or "as") between two fundamentally dissimilar things that have certain qualities in common.


Synecdoche
A figure of speech in which a part is used to represent the whole (for example, ABCs for alphabet) or the whole for a part ("England won the World Cup in 1966").

Alliteration
The repetition of an initial consonant sound.


Anaphora
The repetition of the same word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses or verses. (Contrast with epiphora and epistrophe.)


Antithesis
The juxtaposition of contrasting ideas in balanced phrases.


Apostrophe
Breaking off discourse to address some absent person or thing, some abstract quality, an inanimate object, or a nonexistent character.


Assonance
Identity or similarity in sound between internal vowels in neighboring words.


Chiasmus
A verbal pattern in which the second half of an expression is balanced against the first but with the parts reversed.


Euphemism
The substitution of an inoffensive term for one considered offensively explicit.


Hyperbole
An extravagant statement; the use of exaggerated terms for the purpose of emphasis or heightened effect.


Irony
The use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning. A statement or situation where the meaning is contradicted by the appearance or presentation of the idea.



Understatement
A figure of speech in which a writer or a speaker deliberately makes a situation seem less important or serious than it is. Testing the theory... Story A:
It was a dark cold day. Later on it, it began raining. I was bored. There was nothing to do. Story B:
Lost in the darkness of the blizzard, a streelight was my security guard. The cloud open and shed a thousand tears. I was as bored as a plank. What is a Metaphor? He drowned in a sea of grief Listen to the following audio clip then do the following:

1) Write down the metaphor you heard
2) Decide the comparison the metaphor is making (its meaning)
3) Feel free to discuss with a partner [Adam Levine]
My heart's a stereo It beats for you, so listen close Hear my thoughts in every note o-oh Make me your radio Turn me up when you feel low This melody was meant for you So sing along to my stereo

[Travie McCoy]
If I was just another dusty record on the shelf Would you blow me off and play me like everybody else If I asked you to scratch my back, could you manage that? Like it read well, check it, Travie, I can handle that Furthermore, I apologize for any skipping tracks It's just the last girl that played me left a couple cracks I used to used to used to used to, now I'm over that Cause holding grudges over love is ancient artifacts If I could only find a note to make you understand I'd sing it softly in your ear and grab you by the hands To keep me stuck inside your head, like your favorite tune And know my heart's a stereo that only plays for you I could watch you for a lifetime
You're my favourite movie
A thousand endings
You mean everything to me
I never know what's comin'
Forever fascinated
Hope you don't stop runnin'
To me 'cause I'll always be waitin'

You are a cinema
I could watch you forever
Action, thriller
I could watch you forever
You are a cinema
A Hollywood treasure
Love you just the way you are
A cinema my cinema
A cinema a cinema a cinema a cinema Watching the show was like watching paint dry The lightening lashed out with anger Do you ever feel like a plastic bag Drifting through the wind, wanting to start again? Do you ever feel, feel so paper thin Like a house of cards, one blow from caving in?
Do you ever feel already buried deep? Six feet under screams, but no one seems to hear a thing Do you know that there's still a chance for you 'Cause there's a spark in you?
You just gotta ignite the light and let it shine Just own the night like the 4th of July
'Cause baby, you're a firework Come on, show 'em what you're worth Make 'em go, oh, oh, oh As you shoot across the sky Popping bottles in the ice, like a blizzard
When we drink we do it right gettin slizzard
Sippin sizzurp in my ride, like Three 6
Now I'm feeling so fly like a G6
Like a G6, Like a G6
Now I'm feeling so fly like a G6
Like a G6, Like a G6
Now I'm feeling so fly like a G6
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