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French Revolution Scrapbook

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autumn bachmann

on 26 February 2012

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Transcript of French Revolution Scrapbook

1. 1st estate the higher clergy held most of the power and wealth. The lower clergy did all the church work and were paid very little. Taxes were very high. 2. 2nd estate the nobles had too much power and privileges. Dear king
The 3rd estate wanted to represent the French and not all three estates. They declared themselves to be the national assembly. The two other estates would follow along.
3. 3rd estate the peasants were forced to pay rent and taxes for the land they worked. They were also forced to pay one tenth of their income to the church. Today the people of Paris took action against King Louis the 14. They feared he would drive the National assembly by force. The people of Paris captured the Bastille prison; they looted and destroyed the prison. We talked to an eyewitness who confirmed that “the taking of the Bastille was a very violent and deadly day.”
The outbreak led to the formation of a new government in Paris.
By: Autumn B.
The storming of the Bastille July 14, 1789 The French Revolution Dear dairy
Today on 1793 I was sentenced to the guillotine for plotting against the security of the nation of France. They did a lot of look around and they found out they was a lot of people plotting against the security of the nation of France. We all knew they would find us, so we did try to get the people that were not that involved to act like it didn’t happen. That the revolution will be a success and that the people that are dying of this thing will get a happy ending. My hope is that we can be free from the site of the fear of being killed, and that we can live in peace. The sound of the bird sing is sadly the last thing I am going to hear, so I hope that someone find this letter.
Sincerely your
Maximilien Robespierre was a leader in the Reign O f Terror. He was part of the Jacobins who were republicans that favored domination by Paris. He was one of the two most powerful Jacobins. He believed strongly in continued oppression of the people even when others did not agree. Finally, a few members of the National Convention had him arrested and guillotined him. Political Spectrum
Early Life:

Where was Napoleon Bonaparte born? He was born on the French island of Corsica.

What year was he born? Napoleon Bonaparte was born in 1769.

Educational Background:

What was his Educational background? He attended military school in France.

Married Life:

What was his first wife’s name? Her name was Josephine.

Did they have any children? No, they did not produce an heir.

What happened to their marriage? He had it annulled.

Who else did he marry? He married Austrian princess Marie-Louise.

Did they have any children? Yes, she gave birth to a son in 1811 named, Napoleon II.

Napoleonic Wars:

What were the names of the Napoleonic wars? They included the Peninsular War which was in Portugal, a war that he lost in Russia which is considered one of the greatest military disasters of all time, and the Battle of Waterloo where he was soundly defeated and exiled.

Napoleon the Dictator:
How was Napoleon a Dictator? He and his wife were made Emperor and Empress, the rulers of France!

What countries did Napoleon rule as a dictator? He ruled Austria, Prussia, France, the Netherlands, Spain, and the Papal States and unified the northern Italian states in the Kingdom of Italy.

Accomplishments, successes/failures:

What is an example of an accomplishment? He is remembered for his military leadership but his government had a more lasting effect. Also, he established the Bank of France to act as a central financial institution. He put into effect the system of public education planned by the National Convention.

What were some of his failures? The Battle of Waterloo and the military defeat in Russia are included in his failures.


Where was Napoleon exiled? He was exiled to St. Helena, a small, lonely island in the South Atlantic where he lived under guard until he died in 1821.


What happened in Waterloo? Napoleon was defeated in Waterloo and sent to exile. This was a battle between Scottish and French armies.

Thomas Hobbes (1588- 1676)
Hobbes view, the natural world, was a place in which only the strong would survive unless order was imposed by the greater power of a ruler
Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778)
He wrote that good government must be based on popular over eighty government must be created by and controlled by the people.

Voltaire (1694- 1778)
Voltaire wrote clever and stringing satires on French monarchy, the nobility, and religious controls of the church.

John Locke (1632-1704)
Locke, believed that the contract between ruler and ruled could not limit the individual’s natural right to enjoy life, political equality, and the ownership of property.

Baron de Montesquieu (1689-1755)
His idea of checks and balances would influence the framing of the U.S. constitution in 1787.
section 1 section 2 section 3 section 4 section 5 section 6 section 7
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