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Transcript of WWII Timeline:
The Battle of Stallingrad
July 17th, 1942
Feb. 2nd, 1943
< Dec. 25th 1941: Japanese take Hong Kong from Brits.
< Dec. 8th 1941: US Declares War
< Dec. 7th 1941: The Japanese attack Pearl Harbor
Philippines, Brit. Malaya, Burma, etc...
< April 18th: The Doolittle Raid on Japan
< May 4-8: The Battle of the Coral Sea
< June 4-7: The Battle of Midway
The Guadalcanal Campaign
Aug. 7th, 1942
Feb. 9th, 1943
< Oct. 23-26 -
The Battle of Leyte Gulf
, a decicive naval battle that may have been the death knell of the Japanese Navy. It was during this battle that the first Kamakazi bombers were used.
< Jan 26, 1942: First American forces arrive in Great Britain.
Japanese-Americans sent to relocation centers.
< Aug 17, 1942: First all-American air attack in Europe.
< Nov 8, 1942: Operation Torch (U.S. invasion of North Africa)
< Jan 14-24: Casablanca conference between Churchill and Roosevelt. During the conference, Roosevelt announces the war can end only with an unconditional German surrender.
< Jan 27, 1943 - First bombing raid by Americans on Germany.
< Feb 14-25 - Battle of Kasserine Pass between the U.S. 1st Armored Division and German Panzers in North Africa
January 2, 1942 - Manila and U.S. Naval base at Cavite captured by the Japanese.
January 7, 1942 - Japanese attack Bataan in the Philippines.
January 11, 1942 - Japanese invade Dutch East Indies & Borneo.
January 16, 1942 - Japanese begin an advance into Burma.
January 19, 1942 - Japanese take North Borneo.
January 27, 1942 - First Japanese warship sunk by a U.S. submarine.
January 30/31 - The British withdraw into Singapore. The siege of Singapore then begins.
< Feb. 19th - Largest Japanese air raid since Pearl Harbor occurs against Darwin, Australia; Japanese invade Bali.
< Feb. 1st, - First U.S. aircraft carrier offensive
YORKTOWN and ENTERPRISE conduct air raids on Japanese bases in the Gilbert and Marshall Islands.
< March 11th - Gen. MacArthur leaves Corregidor and is flown to Australia.
January in the PTO
War Relocation Authority established in the U.S. which eventually will round up 120,000 Japanese-Americans and transport them to barb-wired relocation centers. Despite the internment, over 17,000 Japanese-Americans sign up and fight for the U.S. in World War II in Europe, including the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, the most decorated unit in U.S. history.
< April 9th - Bataan Death March begins after American surrender in Philippeans
This map shows the extent of the Japanese Empire in 1942. They attempted to get into British India, Australia, and were working on the Aleutian Islands of Alaska while moving to Midway Island and eventual occupation of Hawaii.
< Jan 13, 1942 - Germans begin a U-boat offensive along east coast of USA.
< July 9, 1942 - Germans begin a drive toward Stalingrad in the USSR.
< July 9/10 - Allies land in Sicily.
< July 22, 1943 - Americans capture Palermo, Sicily.
< Aug 12-17 - Germans evacuate Sicily.
N. Africa Campaign
May 13th, 1943
< ***June 6th, 1944 - D-Day ***
< July 25/26 - Mussolini arrested and the Italian Fascist government falls
< Sept 8, 1943 - Italian surrender is announced.
< Sept 9, 1943 - Allied landings at Salerno and Taranto.
< Sept 11, 1943 - Germans occupy Rome.
< Sept 23, 1943 - Mussolini re-establishes a Fascist government after earlier being rescued by the Germans.
< Oct 1, 1943 - Allies enter Naples, Italy.
< Jan 22nd - Allies land at Anzio.
< Feb 15-18 - Allies bomb the monastery at Monte Cassino.
< March 15th - Second Allied attempt to capture Monte Cassino begins.
< May 11th- Allies attack the Gustav Line south of Rome.
< May 15th - Germans withdraw to the Adolf Hitler Line.
< June 5th - Allies enter Rome.
The Italian Campaign
Churchill called it Nazi Germany's 'Soft Underbelly'. But it did not turn out to be the coup the Allies hoped it would be: It took the Italians out of the war, opened up a second front against Germany, but it did not fulfill the true needs of a second front -- that would have to wait for the invasion of France.
The Progress of the Allies in Europe
< May 6th - Japanese take Corregidor as Gen. Wainwright surrenders all U.S. And Filipino forces in the Philippines.
< May 12th - The last U.S. Troops holding out in the Philippines surrender on Mindanao.
< June 7th - Japanese invade the Aleutian Islands.
< August 7th - The first U.S. amphibious landing of the Pacific War
< September 9/10 - A Japanese floatplane bombs Oregon!
< June 22nd - The Japanese open fire on Ft. Stevens, Oregon, from a submarine!
< June 21st - Allies advance to New Georgia, Solomon Islands.
< May 31st - Japanese end their occupation of the Aleutian Islands as the U.S. completes the capture of Attu.
< April 18th - U.S. code breakers pinpoint the location of Japanese Admiral Yamamoto
U.S. fighters are sent to shoot him down as he is being flown in a Japanese bomber. The event is significant because Yamamoto was the Commander-in-Chief of the Japanese forces during most of the peak years of Japanese control of the Pacific. He was actually trained at the U.S. Naval War College, and he was a graduate of Harvard University.
< June 13th - First German V-1 rocket attack on Britain.
< June 22nd - The Summer offensive begins. Germany is now being attacked from the South, East, and West, as well as from the air.
< July 3rd - After slowly building up from the D-Day landing, the
'Battle of the Hedgerows'
in Normandy begins to push the Germans back into France; Soviets capture Minsk.
< July 9th - British and Canadian troops capture Caen.
< July 18th - U.S. troops reach St. Lô.
< July 25-30 - Operation Cobra (U.S. troops break out west of St. Lô).
< Aug 15th - Allied invasion of Southern France).
< Aug 25th - The Liberation of Paris.
< Sept 1-4 - Verdun, Dieppe, Artois, Rouen, Abbeville, Antwerp and Brussels liberated.
< Sept 17, 1944 - Operation Market Garden begins (Allied airborne assault on Holland).
< Oct 21st - Massive German surrender at Aachen.
< As the Fall turns to Winter, Allied progress slows, but they are knocking on Germany's western door.
< Dec 16-27 - Battle of the Bulge in the Ardennes.
< Jan 1-17 - Germans withdraw from the Ardennes.
< Jan 17th - Soviet troops capture Warsaw.
< Jan 26th - Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz.
< Feb 4-11 - Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin meet at Yalta.
< March 6th - Last German offensive of the war begins to defend oil fields in Hungary.
< March 7, 1945 - Allies take Cologne and establish a bridge across the Rhine at Remagen.
< April 1-14 - U.S. troops encircle Germans in the Ruhr; Allied offensive in North Italy. Allies discover stolen art kept by the Nazis.
< April 12, 1945 - Allies liberate Buchenwald and Belsen concentration camps;
President Roosevelt dies. Truman becomes President.
< April 16th - Soviet troops begin their final attack on Berlin; Americans enter Nuremberg.
< April 21st - Soviets reach Berlin.
< April 28th - Mussolini is captured and hanged by Italian partisans; Allies take Venice.
< April 29th - U.S. 7th Army liberates Dachau.
< April 30th - Adolf Hitler commits suicide.
< May 7th - Unconditional surrender of all German forces to Allies.
< May 8th - V-E (Victory in Europe) Day.
< June 5th - Allies divide up Germany and Berlin and take over the government.
< Allies are tasked with hunting down remaining pockets of German resistance.
< July 8, 1943 - B-24 Liberators flying from Midway bomb Japanese on Wake Island.
< Aug. 1st - PT-109, commanded by Lt. John F. Kennedy, is rammed and sunk by the Japanese.
< August 6/7 - Battle of Vella Gulf in the Solomon Islands.
< October 7th - Japanese execute approximately 100 American POWs on Wake Island.
< November 1st - U.S. Marines invade Bougainville in the Solomon Islands.
< November 20th - U.S. Troops invade Makin and Tarawa in the Gilbert Islands.
< December 15th - U.S. Troops land on the Arawe Peninsula of New Britain in the Solomon Islands.
< October 26th - Battle of Santa Cruz off Guadalcanal results in the loss of the Carrier USS HORNET.
< November 14/15 - U.S. And Japanese warships clash again off Guadalcanal resulting in the sinking of the U.S. Cruiser JUNEAU and the deaths of the five Sullivan brothers.
The story of the five brothers being killed on the same day is what inspired the movie 'Saving Private Ryan'
< December 31st - Emperor Hirohito of Japan gives permission to his troops to withdraw from Guadalcanal after five months of bloody fighting against U.S. Forces
This is an artist's depiction of the shooting down of Yamamoto's bomber. The U.S. P-38 Lightning was one of the most famous fighters of WWII.
< January 31st - U.S. Troops invade Kwajalein in the Marshall Islands.
< February 17 - 20th -
U.S. Carrier-based planes destroy the Japanese naval base at Truk
in the Caroline Islands, the Japanese base at Rabaul, and attack the Mariana Islands.
< June 5th - The first mission by B-29 Superfortress bombers occurs as 77 planes bomb Japanese railway facilities at Bangkok, Thailand.
< June 19, 1944 - The
"Marianas Turkey Shoot"
occurs as U.S. Carrier-based fighters shoot down 220 Japanese planes, while only 20 American planes are lost.
< June 15th - U.S. Marines invade Saipan in the Mariana Islands; The first bombing raid on Japan since the Doolittle raid of April 1942
Famous for many reasons, the B-29 was the most advanced bomber of WWII.
< July 19th - U.S. Marines invade
in the Marianas.
< July 24th - U.S. Marines invade Tinian.
< September 15th - U.S. Troops invade Morotai and the Paulaus.
< November 24, 1944 - Twenty four B-29s bomb the Nakajima aircraft factory near Tokyo.
< December 15, 1944 - U.S. Troops invade Mindoro in the Philippines.
< January 11th - Air raid against Japanese bases in Indochina.
< February 16th - U.S. Troops recapture Bataan in the Philippines.
< February 19th - U.S. Marines invade Iwo Jima.
< March 2nd - U.S. airborne troops recapture Corregidor in the Philippines.
< March 9/10 - Fifteen square miles of Tokyo erupts in flames after bombed by 279 B-29s.
< April 1st - The final amphibious landing of the war occurs as the U.S. invades Okinawa.
< April 12, 1945 - President Roosevelt dies, succeeded by Harry S. Truman.
< May 25th - U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff approve Operation Olympic -- The Invasion of Japan
< July 10th - 1,000 bombers raid Japan.
< August 6th - First Atomic Bomb dropped on Hiroshima from a B-29
< August 8th - U.S.S.R. declares war on Japan.
< August 9th - Second Atomic Bomb is dropped on Nagasaki from a B-29
< August 14th - Japanese unconditional surrender; Gen. MacArthur to head the occupation forces in Japan.
- Formal Japanese surrender ceremony on board the MISSOURI in Tokyo Bay as 1,000 carrier-based planes fly overhead; President Truman declares
The Island Hopping Campaign of the PTO
The Hedgerows of France
Japanese in Complete Control
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< Dec. 11th, 1941, Germany declares war on the U.S.A.