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Management Theory Timeline
Transcript of Management Theory Timeline
" The principle of Scientific Management" " Toward a Theory of Administration": Division of Labor: Adam Smith (1776), he wrote a book of "the wealth of nations". Smith was both an economists and philosopher. Smith provided a theory to research allocation, production and price issue. Bureaucracy: Max Weber (1922) Defined management as "the art of getting things done through people". She described management as philosophy. Mary Parker Follett's
Observations on Organizations and Management (1925) Barnard distinguish between two type of motivations in organization; motivation to participate and motivation to perform. Chester I. Barnard (1938)
" The Functions of the Executive" Elton Mayo " The Hawthorne Studies" (1939) Wrote one of the earliest books on applied "Management Concept of the Corporation" in 1946.
He also improves the managerial behavior in the 20Th century " Management Guru " (1995) 18 Th century
1870s Industrial Revolution
Karl Marx : Insisted labor should own the means of production.
"conception of the worker" Developed methods for time and motion studies to identify the elements of particular job. Introduce the "principle of Management", "Division of work" and "Authority discipline".
He gave a definition of management which is generally familiar today namely 'forecast and plan, to organize, to command, to co-ordinate and to control'.
The French mining engineer Fayol (1949) defined management activities from a functional perspective, in terms of planning, organizing, command, coordination and control. These five functions have become the basic framework of Administrative Management. Weber approached the phenomenon of management from a sociological prospective.
He identified three basic types of legitimate authority: Traditional, Charismatic, Rational-Legal. Human Relation theory Management Researcher shifted from individuals to group workers. In 1930's Elton Mayo and his associates discover the "Hawthrone Effect". These studies motivated understanding of human behavior in organization. In 1940's Social Psychologists developed more complex theories
Theory X and Theory Y: Douglas McGregor (1960)
These theories are assumption about human motivation that affect management behavior.
In 1943 Maslow put forward theoretical framework of individuality development and motivation based on hierarchy of human needs. Neo-Human Relations Theory Work place democracy has become more common and more advocated. 21st Century John Maynard Keynes
" The general theory of employment,interest and money" Peter F. Drucker (the father of modern managemnet) Henri Fayol (1919) Taylor was concerned primarily with reducing process times.
The Gilbert's, in contrast, sought to make processes more efficient by reducing the motions involved.
" chapter by the dozen" the book tells a story of time and motion study.
It was changed to a film in the twentieth century fox in 1950. Frank Bunker Gilbert Sr and Lilian Moller Gilbert " The physiology of management" 1914" by Lilian Moller Gilbert "Modern organizations" The study of organizations in the postmodern world, in 1990
Stewart's research interests include organization and management theory and the theory of power. Stewart Clegg ,(2009) Francesco and Gold
21s, century they Created a new type of structure "boundless organization" Henri Ford He developed the mass assembly line work " Fordism" (1913) and dominated production methods in western economy 1920s, "the years of great depression " Robert S. Kaplan (1990s,)
" Management Accounting"