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Essay Structure

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Soheil Heidar-Bozorg

on 7 December 2014

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Transcript of Essay Structure

Essay Structure
Body paragraphs
General Statement
This is meant to introduce your topic in a general way , while at the same time catching the reader's attention.

For example: If nothing is done to prevent climate change, then the Earth will have a bleak future where countless people will struggle to maintain their regular lifestyle.”


“Classes exceeding an hour and a half are unproductive for both students and teachers”

Main claims
The introductory statement is followed by a summarized version of all the main arguments that will be presented in the essay.

There should be one sentence for each separate claim.

For example:
Due to shorter attention spans in today's technological age, students need shorter classes.
Having to learn too much material in one lesson will overwhelm many students
Teachers will be exhausted from teaching excessively long classes and thus have less engaging lessons
The thesis is the single most important sentence in the essay as it outlines what the entire essay will attempt to prove to the reader.

It must be an arguable statement, not a simple fact.

The thesis must be:
Specific: Must use limiting factors
Supportable: Must be enough evidence to prove it
Significant: Make sure it is interesting and relevant
Body Paragraph One
Your first sentence should be a transitional phrase from your thesis into your new paragraph. This can be created by repeated certain words or finding synonyms for words used in the thesis.
After generally introducing the first argument, one specific piece of evidence will be provided (this could be a fact, statistic, extract through quotation or testimony
The remainder of the paragraph will be spent explaining the quotation you have used, expanding on how it relates to your topic, and analyzing it
The final sentence of this paragraph should relate your first argument back to your thesis statment
Body Paragraph 2
Once again the first sentence should transition from the last paragraph, while introducing the new topic for the second paragraph
Then another quote from a primary or secondary source relating to your second argument will be used to provide concrete evidence
4-5 sentences should be spent analyzing the quote
The last sentence once again relates to the thesis
Body Paragraph 3
The final body paragraph will have the exact same fomat at the previous two
You must:
Transition into the third paragraph
Set-up and provide a quotation
Explain the significance of the quote and how it corroborates (proves) your third argument
The last sentence should always relate the argument back to the original thesis statement
As shown before, your conclusion is essentially just a paraphrased version of your introduction, but in will be backwards
Your conclusion should
with your Thesis Statement as opposed to ending with it
Conclusion Continuation:
You will then repeat your three arguments in independent sentences
Do not
just copy them. Instead, find a way to rephrase them by using a thesaurus if needed
Concluding the Conclusion
The final sentence of your essay is extremely important as it is the last thing the reader will remember from your writing
You should end the essay with a profound statement or verdict that leaves the reader completely convinced or at the very least extremely interested in researching the topic by themselves
Additional Tips
As a general rule of thumb, your second strongest argument should be your first body paragraph
Your weakest argument should be your middle body paragraph
Your strongest argument should be your last body paragraph
Transitional Words

Firstly, Secondly, Thirdly
Additionally, In addition,
Firstly, Lastly, Finally,
Transitional Words
When exemplifying a point

To illustrate
To demonstrate
For instance,
For example,
This is apparent as
Transitional Words
Showing comparisons

In contrast, In comparison,
However, On the contrary,
Nevertheless, Nonetheless,

Transitional Word

As a result,
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