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Transcript of Minnesota
Star of the North
Thursday May 1, 2014
By: Danielle Carver
The Canadian border borders all of the Northern part of the USA. We need passports to get pass to go to Canada.
North and South Dakota are also our neighbors. They were both found on November 2nd, 1889.
Wisconsin was first settled by the French, and was founded by Jean Nicolet, a native of France. Wisconsin became the 30th state of the United States in 1848.
Lake Superior is the largest of the Great Lakes.
Iowa is our neighbor and was found in Dec. 28, 1846 by France people. They were found before us of course.
Cliffs by Lake Superior
Lake Superior's cliffs are very tall. They're about 1020m!
Loons are large black and white birds with red eyes. They have wingspans up to five feet and body lengths up to three feet. Although clumsy on land, they are high-speed flyers and excellent underwater swimmers (they will dive to depths of 90 feet in pursuit of fish). Approximately 12,000 of these unique birds make their summer homes in Minnesota.
Minnesota designated the morel mushroom (morchella esculenta) as the official state mushroom in 1984. These delicious mushrooms are cone-shaped with pitted, spongy heads and are considered a rare delicacy by mushroom hunters. Morel mushrooms are creamy tan or shades of brown and gray (they darken as they age) and are found more commonly in southeastern Minnesota than in other parts of the state.Morel mushrooms grow from the soil through the leaf mat (usually in the spring in fields and forests) and grow two to six inches high.
Minnesota designated Lake Superior agate as the official state gemstone in 1969. An unusually beautiful quartz stone banded with rich red and orange colors (derived from iron ore in the soil), Lake Superior agates were dispersed by glaciers in the last Ice Age. Found in northeastern and north central Minnesota, most Lake Superior agates are pea-size but some are as big as bowling balls and weigh over 20 pounds.
The Blanding's turtle (considered threatened or endangered) was proposed as the official state reptile of Minnesota in 1998. Blanding's turtles (Emydoidea blandingii) are one of the longest lived turtles (may live over 70 years), but take 18 - 22 years to have the eggs and over 75% of their eggs are eaten by predators (such as raccoons, skunks, ravens, large fish, crows, and ants). Even nests not ravaged by predators often fail because of flooding, poor conditions, and other factors.
Minnesota designated the red pine, or Norway pine (Pinus Resinosa) as the official state tree in 1953.
Another well-known nickname for Minnesotat is "Land of 10,000 Lakes," featured on the Minnesota state commemorative quarter.
Minnesota designated the blueberry muffin as the official state muffin in 1988. Wild blueberries are native to northeastern Minnesota, growing in bogs, on hillsides, and in cut-over forested areas.
Minnesota designated wlld rice as the official state grain symbol in 1977. Wild rice (Zizania aquatica or Zizania palustris) is an aquatic grass not related to common rice.* Wild rice is native to North America and grows predominantly in the Great Lakes region. For many years, nearly all the wild rice produced in the world came from Minnesota, and most still does.
The Honeycrisp apple (Malus pumila cultivar Honeycrisp) was adopted as the state fruit in 2006 (Minnesota Statute 2006 1.1475). The apple was produced from a 1960 cross of Macoun and Honeygold apples, as part of the University of Minnesota apple breeding program to develop a winter-hardy tree with high quality ...
Minnesota adopted the monarch butterfly (Danaus Plexippus) as the official state butterfly in 1998. Monarch caterpillars appear to feed exclusively on milkweed, which grows throughout Minnesota.
"The Star of the North" (L'Etoile du nord)
Minnesota designated the walleye (Stizostedion vitreum) as the official state fish in 1965. Walleyes are a popular game fish found throughout Minnesota's lakes and rivers.
Walleyes are most at home in the large, clear, cool lakes of Minnesota’s northern forests. Their eyes are sensitive to light, so they go to deep, dark waters during the day and move to shallow areas at night. Minnesota’s record walleye weighed 17 pounds, 8 ounces.
The official state seal of Minnesotta (which also appears on the state flag) contains the French motto "l’étoile du nord," meaning "the star of the North" (the basis for Minnesota's nickname as The North Star State).The seal displays many symbols of Minnesota:
The sun on the western horizon signifies the flat plains covering much of Minnesota.
The Indian on horseback represents the Indian heritage of Minnesota.
The tools: the Indian’s horse and spear, the pioneer’s axe, rifle, and plow represent tools that were used for hunting and labor.
The stump is a symbol of the importance of the lumber industry in Minnesota.
The Mississippi River and St. Anthony Falls are note the importance of these resources in transportation and industry.
The cultivated ground and the plow symbolize the importance of agriculture in Minnesota.
Trees: beyond the falls, three pine trees represent the state tree and the three great pine regions of Minnesota–St. Croix, Mississippi, and Lake Superior.
What does Minnesota mean? The name Minnesota is based on the Dakota Sioux Indian word for sky-tinted water, which refers to the Minnesota River and the state's many lakes.
In 2002, Minnesota designated "Grace" - a photo by Eric Enstrom, as the official state photograph.
The present state flag of Minnesota was adopted in 1957. The flag is royal blue with the state seal displayed in the center. Three dates are woven into a wreath surrounding the seal which represent :
The year of statehood (1858);
The year Fort Snelling was established (1819); and
The year the original flag was adopted(1893).
The nineteen stars arranged outside the wreath symbolize the fact that Minnesota was the 19th state to enter the Union after the original thirteen. The largest star represents the North Star and Minnesota.
Milk was designated as the official state drink of Minnesota in 1984. Minnesota produces 9.7 billion pounds of milk a year (6% of the nation’s total) and ranks sixth in dairy production among the states. Milk has been called a nearly perfect food - a source of protein, calcium, and several other important nutrients. Each dairy cow gives about 6.5 gallons of milk per day. Less than half of this milk is consumed as a beverage - excess is used for butter, cheese, ice cream, yogurt, milk powder, and other processed products.
Last but not least
Minnesota, hail to thee!
Hail to thee our state so dear!
Thy light shall ever be
A beacon bright and clear.
Thy sons and daughters true
Will proclaim thee near and far.
They shall guard thy fame
And adore thy name;
Thou shalt be their Northern Star.
Like the stream that bends to sea,
Like the pine that seeks the blue,
Minnesota, still for thee,
Thy sons are strong and true.
From thy woods and waters fair,
From thy prairies waving far,
At thy call they throng,
With their shout and song,
Hailing thee their Northern Star
Historically, the Santee Dakota moved their villages and varied their work according to the seasons. They spent the winter living off the stores of supplies they built up during the previous year.
How the Dakota Lived
Women gathered wood, processed hides, and made clothes while men hunted and fished. In the spring, villages dispersed and men left on hunting parties while women, children and the elderly moved into sugaring camps to make maple sugar and syrup. During the summer months families gathered in villages and men hunted and fished while women and children cultivated crops such as corn, squash and beans.
Daily life for the Dakota centered on survival. A harsh climate, tenuous food sources and potential conflict with neighbors made it essential for Dakota communities to work together at such tasks as hunting and gathering food, cultivating crops, processing animal skins for clothing and shelter, and providing for communal defense. Close bonds of kinship were formed within these communities and was reinforced through reciprocal giving of gifts, including clothing, food, tools and other useful items.
The Ojibwa or the Anishinabe, as they call themselves, lived on the Great Lakes region.
How they Lived
Subsisted mainly by hunting and gathering food. Most of the time, they also grew rice, corn, wheat and even squash.
The Ojibwe hunted and fished, made maple sugar and syrup, and harvested wild rice, much like their Dakota neighbors. The Ojibwe lived in wigwams made of stretched poles covered with birch bark or woven mats. They travelled the waterways of the region in birch bark canoes, unlike the Dakota who used dug-out canoes made from hollowed-out trees. Ojibwe communities were historically based on clans, or "doodem", which determined a person's place in Ojibwe society. Traditionally, different clans represented different aspects of Ojibwe society; for example, political leaders came from the loon or crane clans, while warriors were traditionally from the bear, martin, lynx and wolf clans.
There are 2 different kinds of agriculture. Farming and Husbandry.
Agriculture, also called farming or husbandry, is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi, and other life forms for food, fiber, biofuel, medicinals and other products used to sustain and enhance human life.
Changes over time/Present status
If you ask your grandparents how they got their food, they might have a different answer than you think. Why is this? It’s because agriculture has changed throughout history.
There are over seven billion people in the world and that number is expected to grow to nine billion by the year 2050 (Simmons, 2011). That’s a lot of people to feed! How will we be able to provide safe, nutritious food to all these people? The answer: through changes and advances in the agricultural system.Over 200 years ago, 90 percent of the U.S. population lived on farms and produced their own food to eat. But today, only two percent of the population produces the food, including fruits, vegetables, meats and dairy, that everyone eats (Prax, 2010). That’s a large change in the amount of people associated with producing food and making sure that everyone has enough to eat.
Farmers use technology to make advances in producing more food for a growing world. Through the use of technology, each farmer is able to feed 155 people today, compared to 1940, when one farmer could feed only 19 people (Prax, 2010). Farmers use technologies such as motorized equipment, modified housing for animals and biotechnology, which allow for improvement in agriculture. Better technology has allowed farmers to feed more people and requires fewer people to work on farms to feed their families.
Location and Product
Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, or reef, which forms the mineralized package of economic interest to the miner.
Ores recovered by mining include metals, coal and oil shale, gemstones, limestone, and dimension stone, rock salt and potash, gravel, and clay. Mining is required to obtain any material that cannot be grown through agricultural processes, or created artificially in a laboratory or factory. Mining in a wider sense includes extraction of any non-renewable resource such as petroleum, natural gas, or even water.
Mining of stone and metal has been done since pre-historic times. Modern mining processes involve prospecting for ore bodies, analysis of the profit potential of a proposed mine, extraction of the desired materials, and final reclamation of the land after the mine is closed.
The nature of mining processes creates a potential negative impact on the environment both during the mining operations and for years after the mine is closed. This impact has led most of the world's nations to adopt regulations designed to moderate the negative effects of mining operations. Safety has long been a concern as well, and modern practices have improved safety in mines significantly.
Methods for Mining
There is Ramp and Fill, Stub-Level Stopping, Captive Cut and Fill with Bore-Hole Access, and Captive Cut and Fill with Alimak Access.
Changes over time/ Present status
The past 30 years have shown a dramatic increase in technology in mining.
Prior to the 1980s, the majority of excavation work was done with hand held equipment using pressurized air and water.
The biggest advances in taking workers away from the face, the singular most hazardous place, was utilizing mechanized equipment and more recently remote mechanized equipment.
When electric hydraulics were introduced everything became bigger, stronger and faster.
The consequences of this was more advanced rock mechanics and ground wee support required to safely allow the rapid advance of stopes and headings.
Even with ongoing changes to safety practice and procedures, the modern environment has created life threatening hazards not seeing in historical mining.
In this new age of mining, the rapid advancement of equipment and procedures has superseded the advancement of safety.
The current high cost of wages and equipment puts pressure on engineering design to maximize capable tons produced and concurrently maximize profit.
The worker must have the tools and training at hand to safely complete any task.
Safety procedures are only as strong as the people who enforce them and the workers who must follow them.
Safety procedures must be proactive and not reactive.
The target for every mine is zero lost time accidents
Forestry is the science, art, and craft of creating, managing, using, conserving, and repairing forests and associated resources to meet desired goals, needs, and values for human benefit. Forestry is practiced in plantations and natural stands. The main goal of forestry is to create and implement systems that manage forests to provide environmental supplies and services. The challenge of forestry is to create systems that are socially accepted while sustaining the resource and any other resources that might be affected.
Major Buisness/ Industries
Logging is the cutting, skidding, on-site processing, and loading of trees or logs onto trucks or skeleton cars.
Alexander Wolcott invented the first camera and was patented in 1840. However, the principle of making pictures was created by Joseph Nicephore Niepce and in 1826; Charles and Vincent Chevalier in Paris created the first camera that could take photos. Then in 1827, the Frenchman Joseph Niepce managed to make a photographic image.
Horace Mann started an organized eduction system in 1837.The idea and the execution of school has actually existed for thousands of years. Every civilization has always taken it upon themselves to consult their children in educational matters. Despite the fact it has been around that long though doesn’t take away from the time when school was officially organized and orchestrated into a clear-cut curriculum followed by people of all ages.
Just a random fact......
The world is 4.54 billion years old!!!!