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Renal Failure

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by

nancy lopez

on 9 March 2014

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Transcript of Renal Failure

Renal Failure
Renal failure is when the kidney stops functioning.
There are 2 types of Renal failure:
Acute renal failure
Chronic renal failure
Acute Renal Failure

hemorrhage
shock
injury
poisoning
nephritis
dehydration

anuria
headache
ammonia odor to breath
edema
cardiac arrhythmia
uremia
Dialysis
restricted fluid intake
Caused by:
Symptoms are:
Chronic Renal Failure
loss of kidney function
Caused by:
Chronic glomerulonephritis
hypertension
toxins
endocrine diseases:
diabetes mellitus
long term substance abuse and alcoholism
Symptoms:

nausea
Vomiting
diarrhea
weight loss
decrease in mental ability
convulsions
muscle irritability
ammonia odor and breath
uremic frost
coma prior to death
Treatments
dialysis
diet modification
careful skin and mouth care
control fluid intake
kidney transplant can be a cure
Treatments
Uremia
Toxic condition that occurs when the kidneys fail and urinary waste products are present in the blood stream.
also called Azotemia
Symptoms
Headache
dizziness
nausea
vomiting
ammonia odor and breath
oliguria
mental confusion
convulsions
coma and eventually death
Treatments
Restricted diet
cardiac medications
dialysis
kidney transplant
Urethritis
Is the inflammation of the urethra.

Caused by:
Bacteria
viruses
chemicals
Is more common in males then female individuals.
Symptoms
Frequent and painful urination
redness and itching at the urination meatus.
pus discharge
Treatments
sitz baths
warm moist compresses
antibiotics
increased fluid intake
Vocabulary
Anuria - Failure for the kidney to produce urine.
Meatus - A passage or opening leading to the interior of the body.
Cardiac Arrhythmia - abnormal rate of muscle contraction in the heart.
Chronic Glomerulonephritis - inflammation of the tiny filters in the kidney.
Oliguria - Decreased or less than normal amount of urine secretion.
Sitz bath - A bath in which only the buttocks and hips are immersed in the water.
Uremic Frost - Also know as chronic renal disease.
Full transcript