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Ships the Timeline
Transcript of Ships the Timeline
Boat builders in ancient Egypt used reeds to build what were probably the first sailing boats. The Egyptian reed boats had a mast and sails and were used on the river Nile.
By 2500 BC the Egyptians were building wooden boats that could sail across oceans.
In 1550BC to 300BC , ancient Greeks used the galley, a man-powered sailing vessel, to travel and trade and fighting with their neighbours.
By Richard G5
In 1000AD Viking longboats had sails as well as up to 60 oarsmen who rowed the ship. The longboats were long and narrow so were able to travel on the open sea, as well as along rivers.
In 1100AD , Chinese Junks were sailing boats with a rudder for steering the boat, battens on the sails to give them greater strength, and watertight compartments long before western ships had them. They were fighting and transport ships.
Masted Sailing ships
Since 1450AD Masted Sailing ships were in service for several centuries. These wooden ships were used as battleships, and by explorers and as trade vessels, carrying cargo from country to country. Such as Queen Anne's revenge.
Steam Age and diesel power
In 1819, the first steamships to cross the Atlantic combined steam and wind power.Coal burning sailing ships were converted to diesel power, using oil instead of steam.
1950s to 1900s
Hovercraft float above the waves on cushions of air and are capable of high speeds of up to 140 km an hour.
1959 The N.S. Savannah, one of the first nuclear powered cargo ships, was able to sail for three and a half years without refuelling.Cruise liners are ships that carry hundreds of people on floating holidays. Passengers live on the ship, which has restaurants, shops, cinemas and other recreation venues.
Since the 1990s, modern nuclear powered aircraft carriers, battle cruisers, destroyers,and nuclear powered submarines are all used to keep a country safe and to protect its territory.There is also solar powered ships and lots more to be discovered in the future...