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Dairy Judging

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by

Holly A.

on 21 January 2015

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Transcript of Dairy Judging

Dairy Judging
By: Holly Anderson
Parts of a Cow
Purpose & Importance of Dairy Judging
Dairy cows are the "foster mothers of the human race"
Judging helps farmers build a strong & healthy herd
Farmers want cows that make lots of milk, so judging helps us to identify cows that are structurally capable of high production, and also just beautiful.
What Makes a Good Dairy Cow
"Good uddered dairy cows with functional feet and legs"
Scorecard helps judges by being the base of their evaluation:
Udder- 40%
Dairy Strength- 25%
Rear Feet & Legs- 20%
Frame- 15%
Terminology
Positive & negative terminology for each area of the body.
useful in oral reasoning & to describe a cow
Let's practice!!
http://www.uvm.edu/~jagilmor/judging/judging.html
for interactive dairy judging


Scorecard Breakdown
Udder- 40%
udder depth
rear udder qualities
teat placement
udder cleft
fore udder qualities
teats
udder balance & texture
Dairy Strength- 25%
ribs
chest
barrel
thighs
neck
withers
skin
Rear Feet & Legs- 20%
movement
rear legs- side view
rear legs- rear view
feet
thurl position
hocks
bone
pasterns
Frame- 15%
rump
front end
back/loin
stature
breed characteristics
Frame terms
Rump
Positive:
more nearly level from hooks to pins
wider through the rump
more correct tail head setting
neater at the tail head
Negative:
shorter, narrower rump
higher at the pins
more sloping in the rump
narrower through the hooks & pins
Front End (shoulders)
Positive:
smoother blending shoulder
tighter at the point of shoulder
less prominent at the point of elbow
blending more smoothly into the fore rib
blends more smoothly throughout
Negative:
coarser shoulder
looser shoulder
more prominent at point of shoulder
winged shoulders
Back/Loin
Positive:
straighter down her topline
leveler down her topline
straighter & stronger over the top
stronger in the loin
Negative:
weak in the loin
easy over the topline
weaker over the topline
Stature
Positive:
taller, more upstanding
taller at the point of withers
excels in size & scale
Dairy Strength Terms
Body Capacity
Positive:
stronger, more powerful cow
more power through the front end
more total cow
more spring of rib
wider through the chest floor
more depth of body
Negative:
less spring of rib
narrow chest floor
short-bodied
shallow- bodied
narrow, weak, & frail
tight ribbed
Head
Positive:
more breed character about the head
more alertness & style
wider muzzle
more femininity about the head
Negative:
plainer about the head
wry face
coarse about the head
short and plain about the head
Dairyness
Positive:
more dairyness throughout
more angularity
milkier appearance
longer & leaner neck
less excess conditioning/flesh
flatter boned
cleaner down the topline
Negative:
carries more condition throughout
thicker thighs
throatier
thick & fleshy about the head & neck
Udder Terms
General udder terms
Positive:
more bloom and capacity of udder
milkier udder
more prominent veining
more shapely udder
Udder Cleft
Positive:
more youthful udder
carries her udder high above the hocks
deeper crease in her udder
deeper cleft in the udder
leveler on udder floor
more balance & symmetry of udder
Negative:
weaker attachments
less halving
stale
lacks udder support
light quarter
Rear Udder
Positive:
higher in the rear udder attachment
wider in the rear udder attachment
stronger in the rear udder attachment
more balance of rear quarters
more fullness to the rear udder
Negative:
poorly attached rear udder
lower in the rear udder attachment
weak and narrow in the rear udder attachment
Teats
Positive:
more desirable teat size & shape
teats hang more perpendicular to the ground
teats more squarely placed on the quarters
Negative:
funnel or pencil shaped teats
teats to long/small
teats placed on the edge of quarters
teats hang too close together
Fore Udder
Positive:
fore udder held closer to the body wall
fore udder blends more smoothly inot the body wall
more firmly attached fore udder
longer less bulgy fore udder
smoother fore udder attachment
Negative:
loosely attached fore udder
bulgier fore udder attachment
shorter in the fore udder
Rear Feet & Legs Terms
Positive
more correct set to the hock
cleaner hock
cleaner leg bone
stands more squarely on her rear legs
walks more comfortably on rear legs
tracks straighter
steeper foot angle
stronger in the pasterns
Negative
shallow heel
weak pasterns
too much set to her rear legs when viewed from the side
post-legged
thick in the hock
hocks in
Your turn!
Full transcript