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What are the advantages and disadvantages of the following m
Transcript of What are the advantages and disadvantages of the following m
What are the advantages and disadvantages of the following measures of personality: personality inventories, behavioral
assessments, projective tests, and interviews?
Personality tests have been beneficial throughout the course of time. Some are more effective than others in determining if a person has abnormal or normal personality traits.
A questionnaire that has a standard list of questions and specific answer like “yes, no, or can’t decide.”
Job: Trait Theorist
Thinking: People who prefer to use logic, analysis and experience
Feeling: People who tend to make decisions based on their personal values and emotional reactions
Perceiving: People who are able to adapt and modify decisions, be spontaneous and are curious
Judging: People who are action-oriented, decisive, and just "get the task done and doesn't look back."
“Psychological testing — also called psychological assessment — is the foundation of how psychologists better understand a person and their behavior….It is also a process that helps identify not just weaknesses of a person, but also their strengths.
"These tests measure the person at the “present function” time. Tests cannot predict the future behavior. " (Framingham)
Myer- Briggs Type Indicator
Sensing: People who prefer to rely on their own physical senses
Intuition: People who look for patterns and trust their hunches
Standardized Test: everyone gets the same lists of questions
Objective Test: no observer bias
More reliable and valid than project tests
People may lie
Answer differently to the same question but different wording
People could care less and just pick random answers without reading the questions or statements
This assessment is to observe a person's behavior to understand the thoughts behind it so that it can be changed
Jobs: Behavioral and Social Cognitive Therapists
Belief that personality is defined as habitually learned response to stimuli in the environment.
Types of Assessments
: Observe client engage in ordinary day-to-day life in either clinical or natural setting
: Assessments in which a numerical value is assigned to specific behavior that is listed in the scale (1-10)
: Counting frequency of particular behavior within specific time limit
Observing a person is easy to do
Summarize the findings
Identifies the person's strengths and weaknesses
Helps a person to better understand themselves
Observer Effect: a person's behavior is affected if they are being watched
Observer Bias: observer expects to see what they want to see
No control over external environment
An observer may not see the problem at the time of being observed
When a client is presented an ambiguous visual (stimuli) and are asked to give a response for whatever comes to mind
Introversion: dimension of personality in which people tend to withdraw from excessive stimulation
Extraversion: dimension of personality referring to ones need to be with other people
The Rorschach Inkblots
Hermann Rorschach in 1921
10 inkblot total: 5 black and white and 5 in colors on white background
People are asked to look at each inkblot and determine them based on colors and shapes
Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
Henry Murray in 1936
Used to evaluate the patterns of a persons thoughts and emotional responses to ambiguous testing
20 pictures in black and white that shows human figures in different situations and settings
Unique- they give different results than personality tests
Wide range of results
Strong and useful results if done right by a professional
Subjective: it's only valid within the person's own perception
low in reliability and validity
answers can be changed
"Method of personality assessment in which the professional asks questions of the client and allows the client to answer, either in a structured or unstructured fashion"
Jobs: Psychoanalytic, Humanistic Therapist
You can get a lot of case history
Most people would rather talk than write
Greater flexibility in wording
Clients can answer questions in as much detail as they want
Ensures questions are fully understood
Causes the person to have anxiety
observer bias- not getting accurate information
psychologist want to form their own impression
Difficult to compare results because each interview is unique
Bond, Emily, Emily Southers, and Joshua Sproul. "Controversies." History of Projective Testing. WordPress. Web. 2 Dec. 2014. <http://projectivetests.umwblogs.org/controversies/>.
Ciccarelli, Saundra K., and J. Noland White. "Theories of Personality and Intelligence." Psychology: An Exploration. 2nd ed. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson, 2013. 384-429. Print.
Framingham, PH.D, Jane. "Types of Psychological Testing." Psych Central.com. Psych Central. Web. 11 Dec. 2014. <http://psychcentral.com/lib/types-of-psychological-testing/0005924/2>.
"Mental Disorders." Thematic Apperception Test. Advameg. Inc. Web. 11 Dec. 2014. <http://www.minddisorders.com/Py-Z/Thematic-Apperception-Test.html>.
"The Myers & Briggs Foundation - MBTI® Basics." The Myers & Briggs Foundation - MBTI® Basics. The Myers & Briggs Foundation. Web. 11 Dec. 2014. <http://www.myersbriggs.org/my-mbti-personality-type/mbti-basics/>.
"Tree Doodles." Drawings of Trees. Web. 17 Dec. 2014. <http://www.bigdoodles.com/tag/trees>.