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What are the advantages and disadvantages of the following m

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Thaissa Campelo

on 18 December 2014

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Transcript of What are the advantages and disadvantages of the following m

By: Thansuda Namsena, Thaissa Campelo, Olivia DiFranco, Catherine Milliken

What are the advantages and disadvantages of the following measures of personality: personality inventories, behavioral
assessments, projective tests, and interviews?

Personality tests have been beneficial throughout the course of time. Some are more effective than others in determining if a person has abnormal or normal personality traits.
Thesis
A questionnaire that has a standard list of questions and specific answer like “yes, no, or can’t decide.”


Job: Trait Theorist
Personality Inventories
Thinking: People who prefer to use logic, analysis and experience

Feeling: People who tend to make decisions based on their personal values and emotional reactions
Thinking/Feeling
Perceiving: People who are able to adapt and modify decisions, be spontaneous and are curious

Judging: People who are action-oriented, decisive, and just "get the task done and doesn't look back."
Perceiving/Judging
Introversion/Extraversion
“Psychological testing — also called psychological assessment — is the foundation of how psychologists better understand a person and their behavior….It is also a process that helps identify not just weaknesses of a person, but also their strengths.
"These tests measure the person at the “present function” time. Tests cannot predict the future behavior. " (Framingham)

Myer- Briggs Type Indicator
Sensing/Intuition
Sensing: People who prefer to rely on their own physical senses

Intuition: People who look for patterns and trust their hunches
Advantages
Standardized Test: everyone gets the same lists of questions
Objective Test: no observer bias
More reliable and valid than project tests
Disadvantages
People may lie
Answer differently to the same question but different wording
People could care less and just pick random answers without reading the questions or statements
Behavioral Assessments
This assessment is to observe a person's behavior to understand the thoughts behind it so that it can be changed

Jobs: Behavioral and Social Cognitive Therapists
Belief that personality is defined as habitually learned response to stimuli in the environment.
Types of Assessments
Direct Observation
: Observe client engage in ordinary day-to-day life in either clinical or natural setting

Rating Scale
: Assessments in which a numerical value is assigned to specific behavior that is listed in the scale (1-10)

Frequency Count
: Counting frequency of particular behavior within specific time limit
Advantages
Observing a person is easy to do
Summarize the findings
Identifies the person's strengths and weaknesses
Helps a person to better understand themselves
Disadvantages
Observer Effect: a person's behavior is affected if they are being watched
Observer Bias: observer expects to see what they want to see
No control over external environment
An observer may not see the problem at the time of being observed
Projective Tests
When a client is presented an ambiguous visual (stimuli) and are asked to give a response for whatever comes to mind
Jobs: Psychoanalysts
Introversion: dimension of personality in which people tend to withdraw from excessive stimulation
Extraversion: dimension of personality referring to ones need to be with other people
The Rorschach Inkblots
Hermann Rorschach in 1921
10 inkblot total: 5 black and white and 5 in colors on white background
People are asked to look at each inkblot and determine them based on colors and shapes
Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
Henry Murray in 1936
Used to evaluate the patterns of a persons thoughts and emotional responses to ambiguous testing
20 pictures in black and white that shows human figures in different situations and settings
Advantages
Unique- they give different results than personality tests
Wide range of results
Strong and useful results if done right by a professional
Disadvantages
no accuracy
Subjective: it's only valid within the person's own perception
low in reliability and validity
answers can be changed
Interview
"Method of personality assessment in which the professional asks questions of the client and allows the client to answer, either in a structured or unstructured fashion"
Jobs: Psychoanalytic, Humanistic Therapist
Advantages
You can get a lot of case history
Most people would rather talk than write
Greater flexibility in wording
Clients can answer questions in as much detail as they want
Ensures questions are fully understood
Disadvantages
Causes the person to have anxiety
observer bias- not getting accurate information
psychologist want to form their own impression
Time consuming
Difficult to compare results because each interview is unique
Work Cited
Bond, Emily, Emily Southers, and Joshua Sproul. "Controversies." History of Projective Testing. WordPress. Web. 2 Dec. 2014. <http://projectivetests.umwblogs.org/controversies/>.

Ciccarelli, Saundra K., and J. Noland White. "Theories of Personality and Intelligence." Psychology: An Exploration. 2nd ed. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson, 2013. 384-429. Print.

Framingham, PH.D, Jane. "Types of Psychological Testing." Psych Central.com. Psych Central. Web. 11 Dec. 2014. <http://psychcentral.com/lib/types-of-psychological-testing/0005924/2>.

"Mental Disorders." Thematic Apperception Test. Advameg. Inc. Web. 11 Dec. 2014. <http://www.minddisorders.com/Py-Z/Thematic-Apperception-Test.html>.

"The Myers & Briggs Foundation - MBTI® Basics." The Myers & Briggs Foundation - MBTI® Basics. The Myers & Briggs Foundation. Web. 11 Dec. 2014. <http://www.myersbriggs.org/my-mbti-personality-type/mbti-basics/>.

"Tree Doodles." Drawings of Trees. Web. 17 Dec. 2014. <http://www.bigdoodles.com/tag/trees>.
http://personality-testing.info/tests/HEMCR.php
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