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Pierre Trudeau

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Hawley Massel

on 7 November 2013

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Transcript of Pierre Trudeau

TRUDEAUMANIA
The Rise in the Popularity of Pierre Trudeau '67-69

Trudeau on Domestic and Foreign Affairs 1970-73
Pierre Trudeau in the Late 1970's ('76-'79)
1979-1984
1979 Election
Joe Clark
1980 Election
1980 Quebec Referendum
1982 Constitutional Act
Decline - loss of 1984 Election
Joe Clark (PM 1979-1980)
Personal
Charles Joseph Clark
From High River, AB
Self taught in French

Politics
Opposition leader (1980-83)
Youngest Prime Minister (40 years old)
Minister of External Affairs (1984-91)
Quebec Referendum
Held on May 20th 1980

NO? ~59 %
YES? ~40 %

voter turn out - 84.3%
Comparatively higher than any federal election
Change in public perception of the status quo
"The Image," "Youth Appeal," "Sex Appeal"
"Television and the immediacy of communication"
"Modern Swinger"
Unity and Festivity of Expo `67
'There's no place for the state in the bedrooms of the nation'
1967 - Criminal Law Amendment Act, 1968-69
Omnibus Bill
Divorce law, homosexuality, abortion laws
On homosexuality - "what's done in private between adults doesn't concern the Criminal Code."
Justice Minister
Trudeau: Politician and Ladies' Man
April 20th, 1968
Trudeau sworn in as Canada's 15th Prime Minister - 3 days later, calls for a June Federal Election
Peter Lougheed
Alberta's Premier 1967-1986
Progressive Conservative Party
Background in Law
Deeply rooted in the West
Was greatly opposed to the NEP
Trudeau's Economic Policies 1973-1975
FIRA (Foreign Investment Review Agency)
Inflation and Wage Control
Petro Canada
Peter Lougheed
NEP
The Power Struggle between Federal and Provincial authority
National Energy Program
October 27, 1980
Struggle between Federal and Provincial powers
Trudeau's vision
Alberta on their own
At Home
October Crisis of 1970
Multiculturalism
Bilingualism
Abroad
Relationships with Communist Countries
USSR
Cuba
China
Third World Countries
USA/NATO
G7 Summits: 1976 and 1978
1976 Olympics in Montreal
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
Canadian Human Rights Act
1976 G7 Summit - Puerto Rico
1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal
- Boycott by African Countries
- Drug Allegations
- Legacy of Debt
- First time a host nation failed to win a Gold Medal
- First summit where Canada was Included
- Countries Include West Germany, Italy, Japan, The United Kindgom, The United States, France, and Canada
- Opportunity to promote core national interests and values in the global arena
- Trudeau pushed to broaden energy to include discussion about political-security and issues of nuclear proliferation
1978 G7 Summit and 1979 Election
Faced with and Election year, Trudeau pushed for several agendas at the 1978 G7 Summit:
Restrained Inflation
Reduced Unemployment
Annual growth rate of 5%
Nuclear Fuel stored in Canada
Strong Stance on Terrorism and Trade
In the spring of 1979, Trudeau was forced to call an election but was worried about declining popularity and therefore announced his intentions to retire from Canadian politics
Reason before passion
Pierre Trudeau's approach to Canada and politics may have been considered unconventional, however he created a lasting legacy still felt in Canada today.
Do you think the National Energy Program was beneficial for Canada? Consider provincial and federal perspectives.
Based on the article, "Trudeaumania," to what extent did the media contribute to Trudeau's rise in popularity?
Trudeau's legacy has carried on through his sons, especially Justin. Any thoughts on Justin's role in politics now? Could a second Trudeau become Prime Minister?
Compare and contrast the separatist movements in Alberta and Quebec
October Crisis of 1970
"During the October Crisis of 1970, he secretly asked Castro to take five Font de liberation du Quebec (FLQ terrorists off Canada's hands, Castro obliged."
Trudeau more concerned about separatism rather than terrorism.
Constitution Act 1982
Made up of seven parts:
1. Charter of Rights and Freedoms
2. Rights of the Aboriginal Peoples of Canada
3. Equalization and Regional Disparities
4. Constitutional Conferences
5. Procedure for Amending the Constitution of Canada
6. Amendment of the Constitution Act, 1867
7. General section
Bilingualism
Official Languages Act 1969
French, English, and minorities
1981 census
Provincial views
http://www.cbc.ca/player/Digital+Archives/Politics/Prime+Ministers/ID/1801476701/?sort=MostPopular
Multiculturalism
1971 Multiculturalism Act
1972 first (junior) Minister of Multiculturalism
1973 Ministry of Multiculturalism
1974 Saskatchewan becomes first province to implement multicultural legislature
Final legislation passed in 1988
http://www.cbc.ca/player/Digital+Archives/Politics/Prime+Ministers/ID/1418283066/
Foreign Affairs - Cuba, USSR, and China

Foreign Affairs - Third World, US, and NATO
Trudeau's openness to Communist nations
Relationship with Fidel Castro
Breaking barriers with China
USSR
Third World
India
Africa
Relationship with the United States and NATO
Barbra Streisand
Margot Kidder
Margaret Sinclair
"An Energy Program For The People Of Canada"
http://http-server.carleton.ca/~aryan/music.html
Petro Canada
The OPEC embargo 1973
Royal Assent July 30, 1975
Operational January 1976
Ottawa's National Oil Company and State Autonomy
February 16th, 1968
Trudeau announces candidacy for Prime Minister
June 5th, 1968
Liberals win majority government with 45%
http://www.cbc.ca/archives/categories/politics/prime-ministers/trudeaumania-a-swinger-for-prime-minister/canadians-like-young-new-pm.html
ICCPR and the Candian Human Rights Act
- International Convenant on Civic and Political Rights
- Signed by 74 countries
- 22 parts; notables include:
- individual liberties
- procedrual fairness
- political freedom

Act was passed in 1977 as an effort to bring the right of equal oppotunity to all Canadians who may be suffering from dsicriminatory practices
Full transcript