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Transcript of Jean Piaget
March 1, 2013 Browse Apply Before Doctorate - Zoology & Philosophy
After Doctorate - Psychology & Epistemology Early Academic Studies @ University of Neuchâtel Under Carl Jung & Eugen Bleuler Academic Engagement University of Geneva - Professor of child psychology International Center of Genetic Epistemology (1955) - Director Important Theories (Learning Theory) -Schema & the Process of Intellectual Growth -The Stages of Mental Development Schema & The Process of Intellectual Growth -Schema: "The building block of intelligent behaviour" (McLeod, Jean Piaget | Cognitive Theory). Assimilation: To match the initial schema with a situation Accommodation: To adjust the schema which needs to be changed due to the new situation The first time a person verify the schema with the situation The schema couldn't explain another new situation Stages of Mental Development (Picture from McLeod, Jean Piaget | Cognitive Theory ) (Pictures from Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development) Research Method:
-Naturalistic & Clinical
Observations Contributions in Social Science -One of the major schools of thought of child education psychology nowadays -It is useful for teachers to determine their teaching strategies -Discover the hierarchy of intelligence, proclaim that educations should be into appropriate orders -The first person who systematically studies and expands the field of child understanding cognition Schema & The Process of Intellectual Growth Stages of Mental Development <Learn a new theory: Psychology> <The School System> The representations to understand and apply knowledge Infant - touching, sucking, playing with stuffs
Kindergarten - studying primitive languages, drawing, recognizing things
Elementary School - studying simple languages and maths systematically, and some other simple sciences
Middle School and High School - Advance languages, mathematics, and sciences. Sensorimotor - We gain the cognition of object permanence in this stage. Preoperational - We are only able to understand the physical world through simple symbols in limited point of views. Example: How a person perceive a new knowledge The process of perceiving is the study of the mind What are some schools of thought to study psychology What can be an answer of this question...? Psychoanalytic, Behaviouralism, Learning Theory Initial Schema - Psychology is the study of human mind and behaviour Concrete operational - We are now more logical and conscious, and more decentered to know more aspects about physical laws in the world. Formal Operational - We are capable to process abstract ideas, combining complex concepts together. + - × ÷ f(x) Influences on the society and the future studies -In 1930s - 1970s, Piaget's theories were the central theory in US education. -Although his theories are critical and becoming less significant, the essential idea is remained in current education system. - His new introduction in child psychology brings the social focuses on preschool education. -The stages of development remains many opportunity for further perfection. -The schema cognition reveals the process of learning, which gives an approach to facilitate learning actively & discoverily. Work Cited Beatty, B. (2009). Transitory Connections: The Reception and Rejection of Jean Piaget's Psychology in the Nursery School Movement in the 1920s and 1930s. History Of Education Quarterly, 49(4), 442-464. Encyclopaedia B. Piaget, Jean. Britannica Biographies [serial online]. March 2012;:1. Available from: History Reference Center, Ipswich, MA. Accessed March 1, 2013. McLeod, S. A. (2009). Jean Piaget | Cognitive Theory. Retrieved March 1, from http://www.simplypsychology.org/piaget.html#stages Baskovich, B. W. (n.d.). J. Piaget's Genetic Epistemology And the Teaching of Elementary Mathematics. In math.ufl.edu. Retrieved March 1, 2013, from http://www.math.ufl.edu/dept_news_events/long/essays/baskovich.html Morrison, A., & Fenton, A. (Producer). Morrison, A., & Fenton, A. (Actor). Piaget's Theory on Cognitive Development [Online video]. Retrieved March 1, 2013 Piaget's concrete operational stage experiment [Online video]. youtube. Retrieved March 1, 2013, from http: //www.youtube.com/watch?v=3F1O4BGgW64 Thank You for Watching!