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Therapeutic Cloning

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Angelene San Miguel

on 29 March 2018

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Transcript of Therapeutic Cloning

Therapeutic Cloning

Therapeutic cloning involves making copies of cells to treat disease. It is also known as somatic cell nuclear transfer. The main thing to know is that it is the cloning of an embryo and using it to grow cells, not a human being.
Therapeutic cloning is important because many researchers believe that it can be used to treat a multitude of inherited diseases.
In therapeutic cloning, scientists take the nucleus out of an egg cell and inserts the nucleus of cell, usually a skin cell of the patient, by using a tiny needle to pull out DNA material. They then stimulate the egg with a chemical bath or jolt of electricity so it will start dividing. When the cell starts dividing, about 5-6 days later stem cells are ready to be extracted. The blastocyst is broken open and the inner cell mass is grown in a culture dish. They extract the stem cells by destroying the embryo. The cells are then transferred into the patient to treat the patient's disease.
In 2008, scientists successfully treated a disease, similar to Parkinson's disease, in mice. It was the first time that a disease was treated using cloned cells. Scientist Lorenz Studer's studies shows the value of research on genetic cloning, but it is unclear whether the technique is applicable to humans. Another discovery scientists made was while experimenting with animals, they saw that the stem cells mutated and created tumors in the animal. Scientists have also discovered tht there a greater tendancy that the cells will mutate. These are significant because although therapeutic cloning has good intentions, it is still too risky and most likely harmful if used on humans. Scientists will need to conduct further research, but they will have trouble since some countries have already banned further experimentation about cloning.
The Pros
Further research of therapeutic cloning can result in millions of people having access to life saving therapies just by using their own DNA.
It can provide a faster cure for those who suffer from kidney or other disorders and have to wait up to years for a new organ by helping create and develop vital organs.
It will save countless of lives
Allows researchers to find new cures to certain diseases and allows for the study of the process of organ regeneration
It could result in new research to find out more about the human body.
The Cons
There are also many downsides to therapeutic cloning:
Some cells can mutate and result in tumors in patients.
Millions of eggs are needed to cure disease, but currently there's not enough.
It is very expensive
It uses adult cells that have limited potential.
So far all research has shown low success rates.
Therapeutic cloning uses human embryos and many critics consider it murder
There is no guarantee of success

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“Rsrevision.com/Gcse.” What Is Therapeutic Cloning?, www.rsrevision.com/GCSE/christian_perspectives/genetics/therapeutic_cloning/introduction.htm.
“Rsrevision.com/Gcse.” What Is Therapeutic Cloning?, www.rsrevision.com/GCSE/christian_perspectives/genetics/therapeutic_cloning/introduction.htm.
“The Pros and Cons of Therapeutic Cloning.” Human Cloning, humancloningproject.weebly.com/the-pros-and-cons-of-therapeutic-cloning.html.
Topping, Andi. Welcome, www.bioethics.ac.uk/topics/research-or-therapeutic-cloning.php.
By Angel San Miguel
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