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Rosa Parks: A Leader in History
Transcript of Rosa Parks: A Leader in History
Her parents were James McCauley and Leona Edwards. They lived on the Edwards’ family farm, Rosa became involved in civil rights issues by joining the Montgomery chapter of the NAACP in 1943.
She was secretary to the NAACP president, E.D. Nixon until 1957.
Rosa also headed the Youth Division of the Montgomery NAACP branch for years. Rosa Parks:
A Leader in History In 1932 at age nineteen, she met and married Raymond Parks.
Raymond was an active member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
With his help, Rosa received her high school degree in 1933. Leadership Style “I would like to be remembered as a person who wanted to be free... so other people would be also free.”
–Rosa Parks Education She and here family attended the African Methodist Episcopal Church. where she spent most of her youth. Childhood At a age eleven, she went to a one room school house in Pine Level, Alabama. It lacked adequate school supplies, such as desks. During, her whole education she attended segregated schools.
College: Alabama State Teacher’s College for African Americans The Bus History of the Bus White people took seats in the front rows, seating towards the back.
Colored people boarded the bus took seats in the back rows, seating towards the front.
If more colored people boarded the bus, they were required to stand. If another white person boarded the bus, then the colored people closest to the front were suppose to get up and stand. This created a new row for white people to sit. On December 1, 1955 Rosa boarded the Cleveland Avenue Bus, and took a seat in the several rows designated for colored people.
When the bus filled up with white passengers, the driver asked four black passengers to give up their seats. Rosa denied the request to move.
She replied to the bus driver, "I don't think I should have to stand up." Effects Police arrested Rosa and charged her with the violation of Chapter 6 Section 11 of the Montgomery Code.
She was taken to the police station and then release on bail.
This event caused E.D. Nixon to start the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Rosa has two leadership styles. She has shared power by consensus and uses a hands off approach with minimal direction.
When Rosa worked for the NAACP and Montgomery Voters League she had shared powers that worked to a common goal.
When Rosa refused to give up her seat on the bus that was a demonstration of hand off leadership. It was unplanned and impulsive, with no intention to help the Civil Rights movement.
She shows leadership through small events that lead to a bigger cause. Philosophy Rosa was in favor of experimental and permanent change.
When she was being questioned by the police during her arrest, she spoke in a calm manner that showed that she respected the rules of society, but did not believe the laws.
The NAACP has said many times that the Montgomery Bus Boycott could never have started without her “innovational political philosophy with a radicalism twist.” By: Emily Sumner and Hannah Costley So we ask you....... Would you stand up for something you believe in?
Would you break the law so you could let other people live in freedom?
Would you be willing to be the first person who acted for the greater good?