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Transfer Misson: Tried and True, But troubled?
Transcript of Transfer Misson: Tried and True, But troubled?
Tired and True, But Troubled? Ryan Slack & Daniel Villanueva Transfer Rates & Transfer Student Performance
Developments Affecting Transfer Rates/Transfer Mission
Future of the Transfer Mission "One of the original missions of the two-year college, the transfer mission was highly criticized in the latter part of the twentieth century. It is currently experiencing both challenges and opportunities due to changing enrollment demographics and governmental interest in transfer and articulation" (pg. 33). Preparing students to transfer to four-year colleges/universities was a primary mission of two-year colleges In recent years, more students are graduating with vocational or occupational-technical education rather than academic transfer credits.
49% of degrees awards by community colleges were liberal arts and sciences, general studies, and humanities.
51% of the degrees awarded were vocationally oriented fields. "All students entering the two-year college in a given year who have no prior college experience and who complete at least 12 college credit units [at that college] within four years, divided into the number of that group who take one or more classes at an in-state, public university within four years" (pg. 34).
-Center for the Study of Community Colleges (2001). Challenges of Calculating Transfer Rates The National Effective Transfer Consortium defines transfer rates as the number of people who transferred to a four-year school in the fall after having been at a community college the previous semester and having completed at least six credits. Transfer rate calculations in which only associate of arts recipients are included ignore the reality that many students in vocationally oriented two-year programs have always transferred to four-year colleges and universities. Performance of Transfer Students There is a concern with transfer student's performance at senior institutions. Current Developments Affecting Transfer Rates and the Transfer Mission Community College Actions Honors Programs
Community College Bachelor Degrees
Institutional Capacity Issues "In 2003-2004, California community colleges were unable to accommodate approximately 175,000 students; that same year, North Carolina's two-year institutions had to turn away over 50,000 students" (pg. 37). Koos concluded that there is "no appreciable difference in the degrees of success" (pg.35) Most studies conclude that "community college transfer students do as well or almost as well as native students, although there is often an initial drop in performance during their first semester" (pg.35) Students who transfer before earning their associates degree are on average "less successful at senior institutions" (pg.35)
National Activities American Association of Community Colleges (2004) has identified "pretransfer problems" -> Financial Aid.
National Atriculation and Transfer Network is working to facilitate the transfer of courses acorss state lines.
Higher Education Act - Transferability of courses and credits. Student Behaviors Dual Credit: "70 percent of public high schools offerd dual enrollment opportunities in 2002-2003, primarily at community colleges" (pg. 38)
Four year students taking courses at two year community colleges. Future of the Transfer Mission "By 2012 over three million U.S. students will graduate from high school each year with a peak of 3.2 million in 2008-2009" (pg. 39).
"Enrollments at two-year public institutions are projected to grow by about 12 percent during the 2001-2012 period" (pg. 39).
Increased articulation agreements (institutional, state, & national level).
Strong future Threat to the Mission Community College Baccalaureate Degree
Conclusion Community college leaders, faculty, policymakers, and reserachers must get a better understanding of why those students who start at community colleges are less likely to receive their baccalaureate degrees. THANK YOU! Questions/Comments? Links