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Judaism

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by

Jonathan Baynham

on 20 October 2016

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Transcript of Judaism

Scripture
What story does the Torah tell?
Genesis: Creation stories and Abraham,
The Golden Years of the Promised Land
The Kingdom of Judea, King David, and the Temple
The Fall
Babylonian Captivity and the Diaspora
Beliefs
Types of Judaism
...In Modern Day
God
Judaism is upon the Abrahamic and Mosaic Covenants with God

No doctrine of God but all Jews believe:
There is only ONE God.
God is creator.
God is good.

A Jewish person does not say or write God's name:
YahWeh (יהוה)
G-D

Beliefs
Messiah
All Jews are waiting for the Messiah.
The Messiah will be a political King that will restore Israel to its former glory.
The Messiah will also bring about a time of peace of all nations.
Elijah will welcome in and announce when the Messiah comes.



Beliefs
The Promised Land and the After Life
Promised Land could refer to a few different ideas:
The Land of Canaan is promised by God.
A "Heaven on Earth", perfected spiritual place on Earth.
The "Messiah Age" that will eventually come in the afterlife.





Is Israel the true promised land?
From the Historic Roots to the fruitful practices
"Jew"
Traditionally, someone who practices Judaism OR is from Judah
Antisemitism Vs. Historical Use
What covenant is made?
Genesis 17: 1-9
"See, I have given you this land. Go in and take possession of the land that the LORD swore he would give to your fathers—to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob—and to their descendants after them."

The Covenant of a Promised Land
The Kingdom
Holy Land
Promised Land
Canaan
Palestine
Judea
Judah
Israel
The Kings of Judea
The Temple !
Located in Jerusalem
The spread of Judaism around the world
Judaism redefines its traditions around the world
New "Homes" and Persecutions
European Judaism and Christian intolerance
"From bad to worse"
The Temple is destroyed... twice
Greeks
Romans
Unit 2 Judaism and Islam:
A Living Tradition

The Return
The Holocaust, Zionism, and Israel
TANAKH
Torah
Neviim
Ketuvim



Torah
=
The first five books of the O.T.
Neviim

=
Prophets

Isaiah
Jeremiah
Ezekiel

Ketuvim
=
(other) Writings
Job
Psalms and Proverbs
Maccabees
Talmud
=
Interpretations
of Misnah
Misnah
=
oral traditions of Moses
Pesach
=
Passover
Hanukkah
celebrates the escape of the Israelites
Maccabean Revolt
The Temple
Practices
Synagogue
Place to worship God


Bimah
Ark
lectern
= Sabbath
= Day of Atonement
Shabbat

Occurs every week starting at sundown on Friday through sundown on Saturday.

Yom Kippur

Holiest day of the Jewish Year
Day of prayer, fasting, and repentance.

Rosh Hashanah
=
New Year
Celebrates creation
starts "days of awe"
Birth
Males= Brit Milah
Circumcision

Females= Name giving ceremony
Coming of Age
Males= Bar Mitzvah

Females= Bat Mitzvah
Marriage
Marriage usually at synagogue and performed by Rabbi.

Common symbols:
canopy (chuppah)
glass breaking

Death
– special blessings and prayers said at funeral and burial,
usually very soon after death.


Life Events
Birth

Coming of Age


Marriage


Death
Muhammad is the founder of Islam

Born in 570 CE in Mecca

Was eventually orphaned

Worked in a caravan

Unconventional marriage
Went to pray at Mount Hira

Visited by Angel Jibril

Told to proclaim the Word of God


Muhammad started to preach in Mecca

Expelled from Mecca, went to Medina in 622

Eventually become very popular in Medina



Mecca and Medina started to be hostile

Medina army attacked Mecca and won the battle.

Muhammad returns and rededicates the Kabah to Allah
The Legacy of Muhammad
Qur'an
Literally means Recitation
The words of the prophet Muhammad from Allah.

Written in Arabic
Chapters of the Qur’an called SURAHS

Written down by the Caliphs.



The Holy Prophet
Becoming a Prophet
Revelation From God
The Return of the Statesmen
Islam
Islam = "to submit to God"
(the religion)
Muslim=“one who submits to the will of God”
(a person that follows Islam)
Allah= The God
A Continuous History
Islam follows in the same tradition with Judaism and Christianity:
Starts with creation story and Adam and Eve.
Same story until Abraham.
Has different interpretation Abraham and his sons:
Ishmael v. Isaac
Islamic Beliefs:
Shahadah (Witnessing)
"There is no God but God; Muhammad is the Messenger of God"
This testimony and other prayers are recited at the beginning of prayer each day by a MUEZZIN
Salah (Prayer)
Pray 5 times a day

Must face the Ka'bah

Times:
Sunrise
Mid-day
Sunset
End of Daylight
Night
Before prayer, there is a cleaning ritual called wudu
Mosque
Zakah (almsgiving)
Must give to the needy.

Undisclosed amount
Pilgrimage to the city of Mecca

Required only once in a lifetime

Follows the journey of Abraham

Ends with Eid al-Adha
signifies the willing near sacrifice of Ishmael
Hajj (Pilgrimage)
"Muslim"
A person who practices Islam
Translates to: one who submits to the will of God
Other spelling: "Moslem"
Not used today
What Story Does the Torah Tell?
To the Promised Land!
Order of this Chapter:
Jewish Early History Through Scripture
Jewish Early History Through Scripture
The story is the same!
“As for me, this is my covenant with you: You will be the father of many nations. 5 No longer will you be called Abram[b]; your name will be Abraham,[c] for I have made you a father of many nations. 6 I will make you very fruitful; I will make nations of you, and kings will come from you. 7 I will establish my covenant as an everlasting covenant between me and you and your descendants after you for the generations to come, to be your God and the God of your descendants after you. 8 The whole land of Canaan, where you now reside as a foreigner, I will give as an everlasting possession to you and your descendants after you; and I will be their God.”


Genesis 17
Mosaic Covenant
FoundationalJewish Beliefs
Muhammad and the establishment of Scripture
5 Pillars of Islam
613 Laws
as described in Exodus, Deuteronomy, and Numbers
Moses' Death and the Promised Land
Deuteronomy
Foundational Jewish Beliefs
http://jerusalem.com/tour/jewish_temple_3D/web
Is modern day Israel the promised land?
Scripture in Islam
the Qur'an
114 Surahs
Contains the teachings/word of God told through Muhammad
Hafiz
Moodle link for Translations
Who Wrote the Qur'an ?
Content give to Muhammad by God
Later Written down by Muhammad's Secretary
Muhammad and the establishment of Scripture
The 5 Pillars of Islam
Start at 3:54
Start at 5:11
Start at beginning
Full transcript