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Texting and Driving

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Carly Ross

on 6 March 2013

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Transcript of Texting and Driving

By Carly Ross Texting and Driving Texting and driving is an extremely dangerous form of distracted driving. It is especially popular with teenage drivers, who are more technology-centered than any other age group. Texting and driving increases your chance of getting in an accident by 23 times. This is a huge problem that puts everyone on the road at risk, especially the youngest teenage drivers. Many laws have been put into place in attempt to prevent texting and driving, as well as all kinds of distracted driving. Statistics 23% of crashes in 2011 involved cell phones. What is texting and driving? The average amount of time that your eyes are taken off the road while texting is 5 seconds at a time. - Traveling at 55 miles per hour, you cover the length of a football field in 5 seconds. If you're texting, you drive 100 yards completely blind. The amount of brain activity associated with driving is reduced by 37% while using a cell phone. Drivers under 20 are involved in 16% of all fatal distracted driving crashes. 55% of young drivers say that it's easy for them to text while driving. While texting, 10% of your time driving is spent outside of your lane. Texting causes visual, manual, and cognitive distraction. 34% of Americans admit to texting and driving. Young drivers admit to sending 23 texts on average per month while driving. Illinois Statisitcs In 2010, cell phone use was the primary or secondary cause of approximately 1,100 crashes in Illinois. In 2011, the number was slightly more than 1,100. Unfortunately, the numbers will only keep getting higher despite laws against cell phone use. Nationally, more than 25% of drivers age 18-29 reported to texting regularly or fairly often while driving. Out of a survey of 6,000 drivers, 1 in every 100 used a cell phone when driving. Somewhere between 4,000 and 8,000 crashes occur daily in the US that are related to distracted driving. In 2010 alone, more than 3,000 people died in crashes related to distracted driving. Almost 500,000 were injured. According to a 2010 survey, 9% of drivers overall at all ages reported to texting regularly or fairly often while driving. Texting while driving is significantly less popular with older people, with only 3% of drivers surveyed over the age of 60 reporting to ever texting when they were driving. About 80% of crashes involve some type of distraction. 65% of near-crashes involve distraction. Types of
Distraction Manual distraction is taking your hands off of the wheel. Visual distraction is taking your eyes off of the road. Cognitive distraction is taking your mind off of driving. Texting uses all 3 of the distractions: Manual, Visual, and Cognitive. This leaves drivers completely blind and oblivious to anything happening on the road. Young drivers 18-20 have the highest level of phone usage while driving. They also are the ones that text the most. Drivers age 25-34 spend more time talking on the phone than any other age group. According to a late-2011 study on distracted driving attitudes and behaviors, 60% of drivers under 35 thought that talking on the phone made no difference in their driving ability.
On the other hand, only 25% of drivers surveyed said that texting makes no difference in their driving ability. Laws 39 states have a ban on texting while driving for all drivers.
33 states ban ALL cell phone use by novice drivers.
The ages included in the novice driver category vary depending on the state.
No state bans all cell phone use for all drivers, but 10 prohibit hand held cell phone use for all drivers. Illinois Laws Illinois has a primary law that bans texting for all drivers.
ALL cell phone use, both hand held and hands-free, is banned for novice drivers by a primary law.
Illinois defines novice drivers as all drivers under age 19.
The use of all cell phones by all bus drivers is also banned by a primary law.
The use of cell phones while in a school zone or highway construction zone is banned in Illinois. The exact wording of the law reads: "Sec. 12-610.2. Electronic communication devices.
(a) As used in this Section:
"Electronic communication device" means an electronic device, including but not limited to a wireless telephone, personal digital assistant, or a portable or mobile computer while being used for the purpose of composing, reading, or sending an electronic message, but does not include a global positioning system or navigation system or a device that is physically or electronically integrated into the motor vehicle.
"Electronic message" means a self-contained piece of digital communication that is designed or intended to be transmitted between physical devices. "Electronic message" includes, but is not limited to electronic mail, a text message, an instant message, or a command or request to access an Internet site." Primary vs. Secondary
Laws A primary law means that you can get a ticket for the offense without any other traffic violation occuring.
A secondary law means that a driver can only be ticketed for that offense if another traffic violation has already taken place. States without laws Currently, there are only 3 states with no laws concerning texting or any type of distracted driving.
Those states are south Dakota, Hawaii, and Montana. Tips to avoid texting Hide your phone when you're driving or put it out of reach and out of sight so you won't be tempted to use it.
Turn your phone off or on silent in addition to keeping it out of your sight.
If it's an emergency and you have to use your phone, have a passenger text or make a call for you.
If there's an emergency and there's no passengers, then pull over in a safe area and use your phone when you are completely stopped. Possible Solutions Obviously the laws that have been put into effect have been a massive effort to try to stop texting and driving.
There are also tons of campaigns out there that are dedicated to educating and informing people about the dangers of texting and driving. The AT&T "It Can Wait" campaign
stoptextsstopwrecks.org
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Distraction.gov campaign
Texting and Driving Prevention by the Ad Council
Safe Texting Campaign Such campaigns include: Apps There are also different apps available to download on your phone that help prevent people from texting and driving. Here are the five main apps:
AT&T DriveMode
Drive Safe.ly
Textecution
DriveScribe
Text-STAR DriveMode sends preset replies to anyone who texts you while you're driving
Limits extra features on your phone and blocks you from typing or reading. Drive Safe.ly Reads texts, calls, and emails out loud.
Responds to texts and emails automatically either by voice or preset responses.
Allows you to communicate without taking your eyes off the road or hands off the wheel. Textecution Disables texting if you are traveling at more than 10 miles per hour.
Uses GPS to determine the speed at which you are traveling.
If you are just a passenger and not driving the settings may be turned off. DriveScribe Evaluates driving performance and rewards you with points for safe driving. Text-STAR Senses motion and stops texting if you are going more than 10 miles per hour.
Allows you to preset texts in advance and schedule when you want them to be sent. Sources http://www.textinganddrivingsafety.com/texting-and-driving-stats/

http://stoptextsstopwrecks.org/#facts

http://www.distraction.gov/

http://www.cdc.gov/motorvehiclesafety/distracted_driving/

http://www.illinoistollway.com/drive-now-text-later

http://www.ghsa.org/html/stateinfo/laws/cellphone_laws.html

http://mashable.com/2012/12/17/texting-driving-apps/

http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/publicacts/fulltext.asp?Name=096-0130
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