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Altruism in Prosocial Behavior

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Wei Fen Soo

on 7 December 2013

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Transcript of Altruism in Prosocial Behavior

Altruism in
Prosocial Behavior
According to this theory:
humans are more likely to act altruistically if they can empathize with the person they are intending to help.
when a man see someone in need, the man can feel one of two emotions:
feel personal distress (e.g: anxiety or fear)
feel empathic concern (e.g: compassion, tenderness).
this theory is reflected in Leigh Anne action. She acts altruistically when she first met with Michael during a cold night.
she feels uncomfortable, worry and compassion to see Micheal Oher walking alone on the street and intend to take him home during that cold night.

"The Blind Side'' Inspired Altruism

Two theories explaining altruism:

Kin selection theory
(Madsen’s research)

Empathy -altruism theory
(Batson’s study)

How did
Leigh Anne
Michael in
altruistic way?
Helping and sharing behavior, a type of prosocial behavior; non-selfish helping.

saving someone’s life by putting your own in danger.

Prosocial behavior:
Any behavior that benefits others or society.

preventing aggression, refraining from driving after drinking.
Michael Oher

Leigh Anne Tuohy

Sean Tuohy

Collins Tuohy

Sean Junior Tuohy

Important people in The Blind Side
In “The Blind Side” movie, Leigh Anne notices Michael walking on the road and shivering in the cold at that night.

She turn her head and show
unacceptable to the
Michael's plight.

So she orders her husband to turn the car and then she offer him a place to sleep at her house after she learns he intended to spend the cold night outside.

Why Chosen this movie?
a true story
Leigh Anne Touhy, a woman who had apparently accomplished “everything” in life, knew she could do more for others, including a total stranger
helps an underprivileged, misunderstood—yet unbelievably compassionate and talented— young man
overcome a world which was stacked against him to become a college graduate and professional football player.
This movie makes us realizing that we all have the power to change someone’s life, even if only a small change
Quite often making a change in someone else’s life can change ours in unexpected ways.
leaving our comfort zone and extending ourselves for another can have life changing effects.
Leigh Ann's was told by one of her friends “You’re changing that boy’s life.” She replies: “No. He’s changing mine.”
Slowly, Leigh Anne accepts Michael
and welcome him to be a member
of the Tuohy family and
Leigh Anne even end her friendship
with her several rich friends who
stereotype Michael.
She even seeks to become Michael's
legal guardian after she learns
that he was separated from
his drug-addicted mother when he was seven and his father was died.

Theories Related
Empathy -altruism theory
(Batson’s study)
The next morning,
when she sees Michael leaving,
she asks him to spend the
Thanksgiving holiday with her family.
Leigh Anne also think of Michael future, so she hire a tutor so that he can get an NCAA Division 1 scholarship by scoring at least 2.5 GPA.

Leigh Anne became Michael’s agent in his American football career to be an All-American footballer.
Leigh Anne is altruistic because:
she treats him like her own son.
She do not received anything
in return.

At the end of the story:
Leigh Anne tells Michael she will support any decision he makes for his future.She and her whole family even go to Ole Miss after Michael decided to go to Ole Miss campus to continue his study.

Before Michael join the school football team, Leigh Anne introduced Michael to Burt Cotton, a football coach and persuaded the football coach that Michael is a potential player and encouraged him to accept Michael.

Leigh Anne and her son, S.J. taught Michael how to play football and always motivated Michael to play confidently and fulfilled his potential.

Leigh Anne even give Michael encouragement in his every practices and plays and makes Michael finally becomes a key player in his team.

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Michael grew up as an extremely impoverished child in the ghettos of Memphis.
rarely had a place to sleep at night and struggled to find clothing to keep him warm and food to fill his stomach.
Big Tony helps enroll Michael in a wealthy, private school, Michael is adopted by a rich, white family.
This family, the Tuohys, help Michael overcome all the problems in his life to be a highly courted college football player.
Michael Oher eventually goes on to become a first-draft
NFL pick.
is a tough-as-nails Southern woman who first makes the decision to welcome Michael Oher into her family.
From the moment Leigh Anne Tuohy first sets eyes on Michael Oher, she treats him as her son, loving him as if she had given birth to him.
Leigh Anne Tuohy becomes the first woman that Michael Oher ever trusts enough to truly love.
Husband of Leigh Anne
is a wealthy business owner in Memphis
Tennessee who spends his free time as a volunteer coach for the Briarcrest Christian High School football team.
is instrumental in coaching Michael Oher to his football success and in ensuring that Michael has a strong financial future.
is the 10-year-old son of Leigh Anne and Sean Tuohy.
SJ, as Sean Junior is called, is the first to crack Michael Oher’s shell, treating the huge footballer as he would his own brother.
This close relationship carries through to when schools try to lure Michael to their programs.
They know they must have an impressive incentive for SJ as well because Michael has made it clear that it is important for him to maintain his relationship with his adopted brother despite the time-commitment of playing college football.
is Leigh Anne and Sean Tuohy’s daughter.
exact same age as Michael Oher, a fact that causes many people in the Tuohys’ community to question whether or not Michael should be trusted alone with her.
Upon graduating high school, Collins goes on to attend Ole Miss alongside Michael and leads the football cheer squad.
The End
Thank you
Synopsis for the blind side. (2009). Retrieved November 4, 2013, from http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0878804/synopsis

Background Information for The Blind Side by Michael Lewis.(2009). Retrieved November 4, 2013, from http://www.hyperink.com/Background-Information-For-The-Blind-Side-By- Michael-Lewis-b211a3

The Blind Side-Love & Charity. (2009). Retrieved November 4, 2013, from http://movingfilms.wordpress.com/2009/12/13/the-blind-side-love-charity/

Important People in The Blind Side by Michael Lewis.(2009). Retrieved November 4, 2013, from http://www.hyperink.com/Important-People-In-The-Blind-Side-By-Michael-Lewis- b211a4

3 Movies That Inspire Altruism! What Inspires YOU? .(2011). Retrieved November 4, 2013, from http://blog.altruhelp.com/2011/07/21/3-movies-that-inspire-altruism/

Altruism Theories. Retrieved November 4, 2013, from http://tdixonblog.wordpress.com/human-relationships/social-responsibility/altruism/

ERIC, L.S., DAVID, A.L.,& STEPHANIE, K. D. (2009). Altruism and the Experimental Data on Helping Behavior. European Journal of Social Psychology,39,pp 649-665. DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.561

How do you reference a web page that lists no author?.(2010). Retrieved November 17, 2013, from http://www.apastyle.org/learn/faqs/web-page-no-author.aspx

Stocks, E.L., Lishner, D.A. & Decker, S.K. (2009). Altruism or psychological escape: Why does empathy promote prosocial behavior? European Journal of Social Psychology, 39, 649–665.

Bhatnagar, N. & Manchanda, R.V. (2013). Understanding why and how individuals choose to help others: Indirect reciprocal considerations and the moderating role of situation severity. Journal of Applied Social Psychology. doi: 10.1111/jasp.12169

Abbate, C.S. & Ruggieri, S. (2011). The fairness principle, reward, and altruistic behavior. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 41(5), 1110–1120.
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