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Transcript of INCA EMPIRE
Largest empire in pre-Columbian America
: network of roads and highways that connected their territory on a scale never seen before in South America. Incan highway system covered nearly 25,000 miles (40,000 kilometers) with roads that ranged from 3 to 13 feet (1 to 4 meters) in width and consisted of everything from simple dirt paths to passageways covered in fine paving stones
: Andes Mountains (openings of at least 150 feet /46 m)
To give an outline of the rise, peak and collapse of the empire.
To focus on the contributions of the empire in terms of architecture and agriculture.
To engage students in understanding both the empire and appreciating its importance in society today.
BEFORE WE GO
1400 - 1572 AD
Contributions to Society Today
LANGUAGE (still spoken by approximately 8-10 million people even in non-Incan countries - Brazil, Argentina, Columbia)
CORICANCHA - Temple of Sun
Originally known as Inti Kancha (
Inti - Sun God
Cusco's Crown Jewel
Believed to be built around 1200 AD
“Those of us who have seen it… are awed upon seeing the evenness and beauty of it.”
Symbolizes the unity of diverse cultural practices among the vast territory inca through the worship of one God.
Powerful priests depended on divination to diagnose illness, solve crimes and predict the outcomes of warfare, in many cases requiring animal sacrifice. The mummified remains of previous emperors were also treated as sacred figures and paraded around at ceremonies with their stores of gold and silver.
Inside the temple is four main chamber with mostly storing gold but one of it contains a giant sun disc, reflecting sunlight that illuminated the temple and also the sacred space for the emperor and only the emperor to sit.
The entire Inca empire is actually a gigantic calendar, as the shadows cast on the stones are purposely placed on the foothills which can be seen from the temple.
Invasion of the Spanish for
Buildings were made by fieldstones / semi-worked stone blocks & dirt which fit perfectly.
: watering system
Terraces : flat ground for food production, protect city against erosion
Freeze-dried foods : They put them (potatoes) on mountain terraces, and the solar radiation and extremely cold temperatures combined with the harvester's trampling on them created a freeze-dried product.
However, first-son succession was replaced by political / military competition among successors (sons / brothers).
During earthquakes, the blocks shook and fall back to the same position after it is over
Language : Quechua
Landscape : Mountains, lakes, etc
Places : Andes (starting), Machu Picchu, Peru, Cusco (Capital)
Hierarchy : Aristocracy (fluency in language)
Law : Strict, straightforward (eg; thrown off a cliff for killing, cut legs/hands)
1438 - 1493 AD
BEFORE WE ACTUALLY START