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Transcript of Euthanasia
- The desire for euthanasia signifies a growing distrust of patients in their doctors.
- The hospice culture, which is about caring and loving, ensures the highest form of support inclusive of psychological support.
- In a nutshell, euthanasia is not needed in Singapore as it only provides an illusion of control to cater to the perceptions of people who think that the painful dying process is extended unnecessarily. REBUTTAL - Lessen the burden of the family (Mentally, Physically and Financially) Independence and human autonomy
People believe they want to be able have total control over their lives
Emphasis on personal freedom and autonomy growing strongly ever since the Enlightenment period
A main consideration in bio-ethics in current era
(Bill Muehlenburg, 2010) It is actually a choice for the people Severe pain is faced by patients
E.g Chantal Sebire Lessen the pain that you have to endure (counter-arguments) Financially
Financial burden is reduced as family don’t have to pay for the medical bill
Medical bill tense to be a snow ball effect over time
emotional burden on the patient’s relatives
one would not wish to see their loved one suffering in pain for a long time Lessen the burden of the family (Mentally and financially) Failure of euthanasia Hospital and medical care was to sustain life & improve the quality of the life. Against religious beliefs No Yes - Advances are constantly being made in the treatment of pain and
- Nearly all pain can be eliminated
- Limiting certain activities (if pain is made worse by them)
- Radiation therapy (particularly for pain in bones)
- Injections to deaden nerves ('nerve blocks'). ~ Prestigious position of doctors could quite easily be abused
~ E.g Dr Harold Shipman
~ Trust their doctor and if he confidently suggested a course of action, it could be hard to resist.
~ Favor in euthanasia according to the details fed to them by their doctor
~ Voluntary Euthanasia gives doctors too much power Gives doctors too much power • Dr. Pieter Admiraal (1995) ~ Warned the risk of failure associated with assisted suicide. • New England Journal of Medicine study (Feb. 2000) ~ Found that such efforts frequently go wrong ~ Concluded that there may be clinical problems with the performance of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide. ~ In summary, both authoritative and statistical evidence prove that euthanasia might fail. • The Hippocratic Oath - Human life having an intrinsic value
- "I will give no deadly medicine to anyone."
- "I will go into them for the benefit of the sick." • The Declaration of Geneva (1948) - "I will maintain the utmost respect for human life from its beginning."
- Everyone's right to life shall be protected by law.
- No one shall be deprived of his life intentionally..." REBUTTAL - Lessen the pain that you have to endure • Robert Twycross A Hospice Pionner - Not all terminally ill patients experience pain.
- Only about 1 in 3.
- Pain occurs in no more than 75% of patients. • World Health Organisation Consensus document - Cancer pain can be treated.
- Drugs usually give good relief
- Aspirin, opium derivatives, codeine, morphine REBUTTAL - It is actually a choice for the people - One button mentality
- Instant noddle society
- Consumerist ethos
- Advance medical directive act
- Voluntary decision • Hinduism - Disrupts the timing of the cycle of death and rebirth. - Suicide is not approved because human life is a precious opportunity. • Christianity - Taking a life for any purpose is interfering with God's plan and is comparable to murder. • Judaism - Regards suicide as a criminal act. - It does not matter whether he kills someone or himself. - Life of a person is not "His" - rather, it belongs to the One who granted that life. • Non-drug Treatments - Jewish law forbids euthanasia in all forms and is considered an act of homicide ~ Suffers from esthesionenroblastoma (ENB)
~ Left her disfigured, blind
~ Without smell (Anosmia) and taste
~ Terrible pain THANK YOU!
Q&A List of References
What people close to death say about euthanasia and assisted suicide: a qualitative study - A Chapple, S Ziebland, A McPherson, and A Herxheimer, - Agneta M. Sutton, Phd, Legalizing Euthanasia: A Significant Move. - Anon, Euthanasia and Christianity: Christian Views of Euthanasia and Suicide. - Anon, Euthanasia and Judaism: Jewish Views of Euthanasia
and Suicide. - Anon, Debate: Assisted suicide. - Anon, Hippocratic Oath. - BBC Active and passive euthanasia. - Bill Muehlenburg, Euthanasia, Choice and Autonomy. - Health Wongi Euthanasia Obscures the Value of Life - MOH Advance Medical Directive Act. - Singapore Hospice Council Benefits of Hospice and Palliative Care. - Twycross, R., 20 Questions and Answers about Pain Relief. - Bonnie Malkin and agencies, Harold Shipman in dictionary of biography. No, Euthanasia
should not be legalized in Singapore. CLAIM: