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The Principles of Design In Clothing

Balance, Proportion, Emphasis, Rhythm, and Harmony
by

Elisabeth Pletsch

on 8 October 2012

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Transcript of The Principles of Design In Clothing

Balance, Proportion, Emphasis, Rhythm, and Harmony The Principles of Design Visual distribution of "weight" in the way details are grouped

Overall stability in a design Balance The spatial or size relationship of all the parts in a design to each other and the whole. Proportion A concentration of interest in a particular part or area of a design Emphasis The feeling of continuity or easy movement for the eye in a design Rhythm The pleasing visual unity of an entire design Harmony Dressing Your Best! All Over Design Clothing should have equality in the amount of visual weight on each side. Balance in garments is produced by structural parts and added decoration. Balance in:
Color
Shape
Line
Texture Balance can be formal (symmetrical) or informal (asymmetrical) Warm and Dark colors have more visual weight than Cool and Light Colors Longer, wider lines have more visual weight than shorter, thinner lines Heavy, coarse textures have more visual weight than soft, fine textures Formal Informal Balancing with Color Balancing with Line Balancing with Texture The total space in a design is divided into parts.
-One part should not be out of scale with the others
-Parts should not be equal sizes
-Unequal number of parts is more interesting Garment Designs should be related to the structure and proportion of the human body. The ideal body is said to be "8 heads tall" http://www.ehow.com/video_4979262_golden-ratio_.html The Golden Ratio One part of a design is more important or noticeable than all the others:

FOCAL POINT the part of a design that attracts the eye first Without a center of interest an outfit is boring. A secondary area of emphasis can be added, but with multiple areas of emphasis a design can become too confusing Emphasis can be used to draw attention to an attractive feature. Or it can draw attention away from an unattractive feature Emphasis can be created with contrasting or bold colors, textures, lines, and other details A center of interest can be achieved with one large item or a group of small ones Rhythm directs the the flow of the eye movement steadily and smoothly through the lines and spaces of a design Repetition Gradation Transition Opposition Radial arrangement Repetition Gradation Transition Opposition Radial Arrangement Examples of Proportion There must be a relationship between all parts within a whole. this relationship is created when the elements of design are used according to design principles Harmony gives the feeling that:
-all the parts of the outfit belong together
-Suit the Wearer
-Suit the Occasion
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