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Transcript of Kingdom Fungi
Mackenzie Hammer What is a Fungus? Fungus is a eukaryote organism. Which means membrane bound nuclei. How many different Phlya are classified in the fungi kingdom? Chytridiomycota, Zygomycota, Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, Deuteromycetes. A fungus is any group of unicellular, multicellular, spore producing organisms feeding on organic matter.
Saprophytic fungi break down dead organic matter in recycling. Fungi are heterotrophs, which means they obtain their nutrients from absorption. Other fungi are parasitic which means they obtain their nutrients from living host. Major Characteristics of Fungi Adaptations that are unique to the Fungi Kingdom ~Fungi can adapt to any kind of environment. ~Fungi can be any size, anywhere from microscopic to many acres. Natural Selection and Species Adaptation ~All fungi grows a different speeds/rates according the temperature. The storage carbohydrate of fungi is glycogen, the same storage molecule found in animal muscles. Starch is the storage molecule found in the Plant Kingdom. Fungi can reproduce sexually and asexually, although most fungi reproduce a sexually. ~Fungi cell walls are made mostly of carbohydrate
chitin unlike cell walls of plants. Chitin is also
found in the exoskeleton of insects. ~Fungi and Animal Kingdom probably diverged
from a common ancestor .6 billion years ago.
The Fungi Kingdom is more related to the Animal
Kingdom than the Plant Kingdom. Species and natural selection work together by fungi being able to live anywhere to adapt and survive in any environment. All fungus's are heterotrophs which means they don't create their own food. The only role in a food web would just be to decompose. Fungus's can either absorb their food from nutrients in the ground or they can break down their food. Feeding Mode of Members of Fungi Description of Phyla classified in the Fungi Kingdom ~Zygomycota is the most primitive terrestrial fungi. ~Ascompycota makes up 75% of fungi. Ascompycota is a very wide number of organisms. Most commonly yeasts. ~Basidiomycota is a very wide range of fungi also, making up of about 37% of fungi. This fungi is considered the most evolutionary. ~Deuteromycetes is used to decribe only a few of the fungi species, and isn't a main part of the classification of fungi. ~Mycophycota is non-toxic fungus and has a bad flavor. Ascomycota Arthrdermataceae Microsporum Tritchophyton Zygomacota Basidiobolus Basidiobolus ranarum Ancylistaceae Ascomycota Onygenaceae Chrysosporium botryoides Chrysosporium baduri Ascomycota Incertae sedis G. morbida Paradinandra suecica Myxomycota Entomophthoraceae Massospora Contidiobolus coronatus Habitats Where Fungi Can Be Found ~Most fungi are found in woods or meadows. ~ 80% of fungi are affiliated with trees. ~ Damp or wet places. ~ Most fungi can survive in any environment. ~Feet!