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Child Labour: A Global Concern

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Megan Van Gorp

on 25 July 2013

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Transcript of Child Labour: A Global Concern

Child Labour, by definition, is the full time labour of children that are legally too young to work. They slave in unhealthy, unclean, and unsafe working environments, and only get paid pennies a day. Often times the children are working as a way to pay off their parents depts to the owner. A common place to house child labour is in sweatshops, factories, and warehouses.
*An estimated 218 million are child laborers.
*At least 18% of children ages 5 to 14 work full-time, as a child worker.
*The highest proportion of child laborers is in sub-Saharan Africa, where 26% of total children (49 million) are involved in work.
*Among the child workers, 69% are employed in the agricultural sector, 9% are employed in the industrial sector and the remaining 22% are employed in
the services sector.


11 year old Halima describes her disturbing experience as a child worker for Hanes underwear Company. Making just 6.5 cents an hour, she describes the abuse and torture that she must endure. Tiredly, she sits on the floor, and cuts off loose threads from underwear. If she doesn't meet hourly quota, (150 pieces/hr), she is beaten. The factory is disgusting and filthy, and in order to brush her teeth, she uses her finger, and ashes. This, unfortunately, is the shocking truth behind child labourers.
Halima's experience is truly shocking and terrifying. An 11 year old girl, forced to work in filthy conditions, and beaten on a daily basis. The experiences that these children have to endure is horrific. Making just 3.20$ a week, is just enough to buy you 1 hot dog in Canada. This story is a major eye opener. Halima isn't the only one that has lived like this. Millions of other children have to experience this torture all around the world.
Child Labouring creates a huge impact on the world's economy. After the products are made, they are sold overseas to developed countries, such as USA, and Canada. They are sold for much more then they took to make. This is huge profit for the company. More money for the company, means more power. This ferocious cycle is very hard to break, and makes a huge indent on the economy. Child working only makes the developing countries worse, and is very hard to fix.
Although a solution is not easy as it seems, there are many things that could happen to reduce, if not eliminate child labour around the world. If countries made it illegal for child under the age of 14 to work, than many sweatshops and factories would be taken down. The enforcement of this rule would also be critical in keeping this law active.
Finally, the most important way to stop child labouring is to stop supporting it. Buy free trade products, where you know that the workers were paid fairly for the product they made. Stop buying products from "Big Box" brands, such as Nike, Walmart, and Hanes. All of these brands have proven to own and support sweatshops. When we stop buying from these companies, we stop supporting child labour. When we all work together, we can accomplish big things, and put an end to child labour.
A non-governmental organization that focuses on the issue of child labour is CRIN. It is a group of dedicated volunteers that aim to raise awareness of the exploitation of children in countries across the world. Started in 1995 by Genevian Secretary, their main goal is to put a stop to child labour, and stand up for children's rights. They believe in equality and freedom of children, and their aim is to save as many as possible. Their motivation comes from the children's lives they change when they are finished.
Child Labour
A Global Concern


By: Megan Van Gorp

All About Child Labour
What is Child Labour?
Child labour takes place all around the world. However, it is most common in developing countries, where the labour is already inexpensive to begin with, and the government is corrupt. It is estimated that at least 122.3 million child workers are in the Asia Pacific region. 49.3 million child workers are in sub-Saharan Africa region, and 5.7 million child workers are in Latin America and the Caribbean area.

Where in the World?
Statistics
The Shocking Truth
Beyond the Facts: the Shocking Truth

Halima:
The Shocking Truth
Global Impact
Solution
CRIN
What can you do?

C.R.I.N:
Child Rights International Network
Origin: Their Inspiration
Major Events in History
There have been many special events that have occurred in the history of CRIN. Some of which include:

-NGO alternative reports submitted to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child were made public on the Internet in 1998 (NGO Group for the CRC). This was a major event because CRIN was now going public. Their work was finally being put on the internet for the whole world to see and become aware of the children's rights disturbances.
-Working Paper series launched with the publication of “The United Nations Special Session on Children: Time for Action”. This was also important because the publication meant that even more people would become aware of the crisis. More people would become educated, and as a result, more people would make an effort to end child labour.
CRIN was inspired by the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). They love getting informed about other people in the world who have a true passion and concern to stand up and be the voice to children. They use this convention to bring children's rights to the top of the international agenda, and make the issue well known. More than 2,100 organizations in 150 countries rely on CRIN's publications, research and information. CRIN is heavily relyed on across the globe to make people informed about the truth about child right's interference.
Roles by Canadians
Many canadians have been a part of the CRIN organization. Thousands of citizens work together to make this network possible. People from around the world, form every different country work together to protect children's rights, and be the voice for the one's who can't speak.
Successes
Some important achievements that CRIN has accomplished would be:
-A successful campaign for a resolution to appoint a Special Representative to the UN Secretary General on Violence Against Children. CRIN will now have a voice in the government.
-Facilitating communication between governments, activists, NGOs and UN agencies on child rights issues. Having communicating is crucial. When people are informed, a greater good can be made.
-Established coordination portal for the European Network of Ombudspersons. Having someone to represent you is key. They are experts in communication, and can efficiency portray CRIN's ideas and concerns.


Failures
The ultimate failure of this organization is that child labour and child soldiering still exist. Children's rights are still being violated, and children's well being's are still diminished. The ultimate success is when CRIN, and its organizations, can come together, and put an end to children's right's violations.
Contact Information
Child Rights International Network (CRIN)
East Studio
2, Pontypool Place
London, SE1 8QF
United Kingdom
Tel: +44 20 7401 2257

National: N/A
Regional: N/A


Resources:
http://www.worldvision.org/content.nsf/6d1210430917461d8825735a007e2f2b/9ac6c037ceef8d7988257b740001978f!OpenDocument
http://www.unicef.org/protection/57929_58009.html
http://www.compassion.com/child-advocacy/find-your-voice/quick-facts/child-labor-quick-facts.htm
http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---asia/---ro-bangkok/documents/publication/wcms_099511.pdf

http://www.crin.org/
http://www.crin.org/about/crin-history.asp#105
http://www.crin.org/reg/country.asp?ctryID=39&subregID=9
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