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Nobel Winner using HeLa cells

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by

William Willis

on 13 September 2013

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Transcript of Nobel Winner using HeLa cells

Harald Zur Hausen
He was a german virologist. He was born on 11 March 1936, in Gelsenkirchen, Germany. Harald learned about science and medicine. He moved from Germany to U.S., and then back to Germany. During the time that he won his Nobel prize, he was working for the German Cancer Research Center in Heidelberg, Germany.
What Harald Zur Hausen did
Harald Zur Hausen found that HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) causes cervical cancer. He looked at cervical cancer and found novel HPV subtypes in cervical cancer. This formed the idea that HPV causes cervical cancer. In his research it says "papillomaviruses were etiologically involved in this cancer and infection by more than one HPV type could
result in cervical cancer" (Nobel Media, 3).
How Harald Zur Hausen used HeLa cells
In his research it also states that"The most important findings were the identification of the HPV16 and HPV18 genomes,
and the associated demonstration that a majority of cervical cancers"(Nobel Media, 3). Harald Zur Hausen conducted many cervical cancer biopsies including HeLa cells, and he found that most had HPV subtypes including HPV-16 and HPV-18 DNA.
What was the result?
Scientists believe that 90% of cervical cancer is caused by the HPV virus. His research lead to the development of vaccines to prevent cervical cancer. The first vaccine was approved in 2006.
Cites
"Harald zur Hausen - Biographical". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2013. Web. 9 Sep 2013. <http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/2008/hausen-bio.html>
"Zur Hausen, Harald." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2013. Web. 9 Sept. 2013.
"The 2008 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine - Advanced Information". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2013. Web. 10 Sep 2013. <http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/2008/advanced.html>
Nobel Winner using HeLa cells
The financial implications
He moved from 3 countries to work on his Nobel prize winning discovery. He used money to work on cell biopses, and determined that cervical cancer contains HPV.
Full transcript