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The 6 musical concepts

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Froukje Werlemann-Godfrey

on 29 September 2012

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Transcript of The 6 musical concepts

The 6 Musical Concepts
Pitch
Duration
Tone colour
Dynamics and expressive Techniques
Structure
Texture pitch in music relates to the:
high and lowness of sounds
the range of a part or intstrument
melody contour/direction
Harmony
Key- Major/Minor Pitch Rhythm
Beat
Time signature
Length of notes and rests Duration Tone colour refers to that aspect of sound that allows the listener to identify the sound source or combinations of sound sources.
• sound source material, for example, wood, metal, string, skin, electronic and vocal
• combination of sound sources, for example, single voice, multiple voices, voices
accompanied or unaccompanied by instruments
• method of sound production, for example, blowing, hitting, plucking, scraping and shaking. Tone colour Dynamics refer to the volume of sound. Important aspects include the relative softness and loudness of sound, change of loudness (contrast), and the emphasis on individual sounds (accent).
Expressive techniques refer to the musical detail that articulates a style or interpretation of a style.
Students should be able to manipulate and discuss the following aspects of dynamics and expressive techniques as relevant to the music studied:
• a range of dynamics, including gradations
• articulations
• gradations of tempo used for expressive effect, for example, rubato
• stylistic indications. Dynamics and
Expressive Techniques
Structure refers to the idea of design or form in music. In organising sound the concepts of duration, dynamics, pitch and tone colour are combined in some way for a particular purpose. Structure relates to the ways in which music sounds the same (or similar) and/or different.
They include:
• phrases
• motifs
• repetitive patterns (eg riffs, ostinati, ground bass)
• techniques of call and response/question and answer
• traditional and non-traditional patterns of musical structure
• structures used in single pieces of music (eg song form, da capo aria)
• multi-movement structures (eg symphony). Structure Is the layers of sound in music
The roles of the instruments in music
e.g. in Popular music the bass plays the bass line, the voice playes the melody and the guitar plays the Harmony
Music can be Monophonic, Polyphonic or Homophonic Texture Monophony Homophony Polyphony Monophony - music composed of a single melody with no accompaniment or harmony
Unison - two or more people playing/singing the same line
Polyphony - having two or more independent but harmonically related melodic parts sounding together Homophony - having a single melodic line with a simple chordal accompaniment
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