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Transcript of Korea Presentation
Prof. Loni Kirk Education in Korea -Mandatory Education: Types of Schools
- no makeup
- no dyed or permed hair
- must have straight hair
- girls need to have hair shorter than shoulder length
- boys need hair shorter than ear length
- no piercings
- nails must be short and unpainted
- if late, have to pay a fine
- student leader waits at entrance and checks if classmates are "ready" for class Teachers in Korea South Korea Vs. The United States History Teacher Certification
Bachelor's level education (4 years)
Most do 4-year teachers college (11 established after WWII)
Must declare a subject major in college
30% general ed, 70% subject-related and pedagogy
9 weeks long-- Observation practice, participation practice, teaching practice, administrative work practice
Apply for teaching certificate
Receive level 2, upgrade to level 1 after 3 years of teaching and 15-credit hours of in-service training.
Several different paths-- bachelors (same as elem but with thesis), teaching certificate programs, masters
All public have to take test from Metropolitan and Provincial Offices of Education-- they fill spots needed school hours Yagan Jayul Haksup literal meaning: Night Studying
Students stay in school after the school is over. Students may study subjects of their own choice.
Made for students who cannot afford to take private tutorings or attend afterschool academies.
Students are not required to do YJH
In 2009, 110 middle school adopted YJH system out of 374 school in Seoul.
Every high school has YJH after dinner until 10pm~12am
Even though students are not required to do YJH, in reality, 9 out of 10 students are forced to have it.
If a student proves to have a tutoring or afterschool academy in the evening, he/she is allowed not to do YJH. Heavily influenced by China
Adopted Chinese writing system in 2nd century BC History Public Institutions
higher institution established in 992 (Goryeo dynasty)
Preparing students for government services, pass civil service exams
150 students, only allowed for sons of high-ranking officials
Still survives: top-5 university
Provides technical training
Unpopular History Private Education
Confucin shrine/preparatory school (1500s)
Modern private schools
started in late 1800s to early 1900s by foreign Christian missionaries
promote education of women and western ideas Elementary school: grade 1~6
grade 1 & 2: 4 hrs a day, no lunch
grade 3 & 4: 5 hrs a day & lunch period
grade 5 & 6: 6 hrs a day & lunch period Middle school: grade 7~9
11 hours a day including lunch pr. and Yagan Jayul Haksup
Yagan Jayul Haksup: students stay in school from 4 to 8~10pm to study by themselves High school: grade 10~12
16 hours a day including lunch pr., dinner pr. and Yagan Jayul Haksup Summer/Winter Break elementary school: Summer break about 30 days (2012), 45 days (before 2012)
Winter break about 40 days
Spring break about 15 days
Assignments: journal writing, arts & crafts, science project, book report, watching education channel, field trip report, exercise, solving math problems, memorizing English vocabs
Attending academies or summer/winter camp middle school: Summer Break about 25 days(2012), 30 days (before 2012)
Winter Break about 40 days
Spring break about 15 days
Assigments: math packet, watching education channel, making English newpaper, going to a sports game/concert, book report, arts & crafts
Attending academies high school: Summer Break about 25 days(2012), 30 days (before 2012)
Winter Break about 40 days
Spring break about 15 days
Assigments: watching education channal
School during breaks: Not required, but, in reality, students are forced to attend.
Attending academies History Japanese Invasion
US Invasion Highly respected position
More rigorous certification than in US
EVERY teacher (including part-time lecturers and subs) needs 4-year degree and certification
Oversupply of secondary (30% find jobs), too few elementary
About $30,400 starting salary-- potentially $84,600 by end -Usually K-12 -Rise of nursuries Elementary, Middle School Students' workload ~2005: 220 school days (mon~sat, 6 days a week )
2006~2011: 205 days (5 days a week twice a month)
2012~: 190 days (mon~fri, 5 days a week) Getting into University Student Life
School Culture College Entrance Exam (Soo-nung) In November The exam mostly determine if you get in or not
Sometimes submit high school report card and hrs of volunteering. most popular majors are..
business, finance, pre-med, nursing, psychology, social working Student & Teacher Interactions -The teacher receives respect from the student and gives students respect back. (Higher way of speaking)
- Relationship is similar to the relationship between parent and child, no matter what the ages of the teacher and the student
- students must collectively stand up and greet/bow to the teacher when he or she enters the classroom
- outside of school interaction is permitted Some Random Cool Facts That Didn't
Fit Into an Overarching Category! Education is competitive: Grades are read aloud to the class so everyone knows each other's grades Shoe Etiquette in the Classrooms: Teachers and students must switch out of their street shoes and into their “school shoes” upon entering the school building Corporal punishment is still in effect: the Korean educational system and childrens’ parents have no issue with physical discipline in school classrooms. It is allowed, although there has been news of the system tightening this up. Students take responsibility for the cleanliness of their school:
- The Korean school system teaches students to be responsible
for the care of their school
- Done by the students early in the morning before the
morning bell rings and after class hours.
- Teachers = 2nd Parents: When couples begin to date, they are to receive permission from their teachers (much like parents) Teachers wash their students' feet at a Seoul high school on May 14, a day before Teachers' Day (May 15th), to thank students for respecting them General Public School Rules: Bibliography "Center on International Education Benchmarking." Center on International Education Benchmarking. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2012. <http://www.ncee.org/programs-affiliates/center-on-international-education-benchmarking/>. "Background Note: South Korea." U.S. Department of State. U.S. Department of State, n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2012. <http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2800.htm>.
http://pann.nate.com/video/220301360 Program of International
System of International assessment that focuses on 15 year olds on their contributions in Literacy within USA
75 % graduation rate
Ranked 25th on the 2008 PISA S. Korea
93% graduation rate
Ranked 2nd on the 2008 PISA
Secondary Ed- teacher makes 25x more than USA USA parents Spends 3x as less on k-12 education In Conclusion This is from the 2011-2012 PISA. The data clear shows that the USA is lagging far behind that of Korea !
According to Truthpolitics.com over more than 1.2million USA studenst do not graduate and in the World with PISA the USA has ranked from 18th to 36 sinc 2009 Elementary Middle School High School Grades 1-6 Ages 6-11 Grades 7-9 Ages 12-14 Grades 10-12 Ages 15-17 private public -In total of 11 types public -most common
-no tuition private -less common
-intl schools, arts schools etc
-high tuition 1. Liberal Arts High schools
2. Employment Schools
3. Specialized High schools
4. Independent private schools
5. Vocational Schools Etc
1. Foreign Schools
2. Alternative Schools Types of Schools OECD SUICIDE RATE College attending rate 82% (2011)