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International Education: South Korea
Transcript of International Education: South Korea
Macro Analysis: Social & Political Infrastructure
Grade Level Distribution
: See Instructional Time
: See Investment in Education
: See Assessments & Testing, Instructional Time
: See Instructional Time, Student Information, Curriculum for a Globalized Economy
Micro Analysis: Classroom Level
: See Instructional Time, Student Information
: See Instructional Time
Assessment & Accountability
: See Assessment & Testing
: See Curriculum for a Globalized Economy
: See Student Information
Intrinsic & Extrinsic Motivators
: See Assessments & Testing, Curriculum for a Globalized Economy
Parent's start early (primary school) with private tutors for children.
Publicly funded kindergarten is not provided. Kindergarten students generally attend private schools, learning basic Korean subjects and in some cases, an introduction to the English language.
School uniforms, haircuts, and attitude are usually controlled, and homeroom teachers are expected to play a key role in students' lives.
Students may attend public, private, vocational, or specialty high schools. Specialty schools provide specific tracks for students geared toward a certain career path.
Students applying to universities experience great pressure from families, often resulting in a sacrifice of their personal interests along the way.
Team B: Angela Griego, Athena Fajardo, Danica Chavez, Jonna Ledyard, Lindsay Parkinson, & Monica Sanderson
EDL/510, 2/1/14, Prof. Shalonda Daniels-Pierce
Curriculum for a Globalized Economy
Top 5 in Global Literacy & Numeracy Tests
Education in South Korea is Controversial:
Many people leave the country to have children educated in other countries.
High Importance on Passing Tests
No Personalization for Students
Focused on Average Student & Correct Answers vs. Creative Thought
Suicide is #1 Killer in Koreans Under 40
More focused on certificates than skills.
Exams Twice/Semester in High School (Students memorize 60-100 pages of facts to pass a test.)
The National University Entrance Examination is taken for college placement.
If students fail the entrance exam, they are not admitted to college and are considered to have disgraced their family.
Assessments & Testing
Investment in Education
School is free for children age 6-15.
Senior High (age 15-18) charge tuition to supplement government funding
2 Academic Semesters (March-July & September-January).
8am - 4pm School Day
Teachers rotate classrooms.
Class Size: 25 (Primary), 35 (Secondary)
Core curriculum includes the Korean language, math, science, physical education, social studies, moral education, music, fine and practical arts.
In third grade students begin receiving English instruction for two hours a week.
Many children who have the funding are able to participate in other specialized curriculum after the regularly scheduled day including conversational English, English grammar, martial arts, fine arts that are not covered in the regular classroom, and specialized tutoring in areas of a students' weakness.
Ellinger, T. R., & Beckham, G. M. (1997). South korea: Placing education on top of the family agenda. Phi Delta Kappan, 78(8), 624-625. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/218485706?accountid=458
Jones, R. S. (2013). Education reform in korea. (). Paris: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1412208484?accountid=458
Life in Asia, Inc. (1997-2014). Gone 2 Korea ESL Employment Services. Retrieved from http://www.lifeinkorea.com/information/education.cfm
OECD. (2012, November). Education Indicators in Focus. Retrieved February 1, 2014
Salmon, A. (2013) OECD education report: Korea’s school system a pressure cooker for children. Telegraph. Retrieved from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/education/10491289/OECD-education-report-Koreas-school-system-a-pressure-cooker-for-children.html
South Korean Education . (2014). Retrieved from http://asiasociety.org/education/learning-world/south-korean-education
South Korean Education Reforms. (2014). Retrieved from http://asiasociety.org/education/learning-world/south-korean-education-reforms
South Korea's Education Success. (2005). Retrieved from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/education/4240668.stm
Venture Sense Inc. (2013). Gone 2 Korea ESL Employment Services. Retrieved from http://www.gone2korea.com/education-in-korea.html
Education is highly valued.
Influenced by Government and Religion
Government makes a strong, consistent investment.
"The Ministry of Education has a budget of US$29 billion, six times what it was in 1990" (asiasociety.org, 2014).
In regards to the religion of Confucianism, "Education is associated with positions of power and influence" (asiasociety.org, 2014).
Education is vital to entering the labor market.
"South Korean college graduates earn up to 2.5 times more than their colleagues with a junior high school degree" (asiasociety.org, 2014).
"Young people in South Korea's workforce are more likely to have achieved an upper secondary education than anywhere else in the developed world" (BBC News, 2005).
Schools have made changes in class size/hours in order to meet the needs of all students from all social economic backgrounds.
Korean economy has place a high investment in education by increasing pay for graduates of higher level education backgrounds.
Teaching is considered a highly competitive occupation.
The school system is set up in a 6-3-3-4 system. 6 years of elementary school, 3 years of junior high, 3 years of high school, and 4 years at college level.
Seventh curriculum: aimed to prepare students for the knowledge base, 21st century.
Emphasis on individuality, creativity, knowledge of cultures: in 3rd grade, students begin to have conversation in the English language to promote basic abilities, skills and attitudes, spirits and cooperation, to help promote understanding of a healthier life.
English is taught at all grade levels, but students are allowed to choose other foreign languages in high school.
The Korean government has established a new vision, providing all individuals easy and available access to education at any place or time.