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Fishing in Arembepe
Transcript of Fishing in Arembepe
Fishing in Arembepe
In the 1980's, one third of workforce wages were made from fishing.
40% of men are fishermen. This is a large decrease from the 1960's when 72% of men were fishermen.
Most of the small, older sailboats had been sold while the bigger ones were converted into motorboats.
This occurred because Arembepe became a tourist town.
The old reef had been abandoned because larger ships needed deeper docking ground.
Cars in Arembepe
More modern cars had begun to appear in Arembepe. This was mainly caused by the influx of wealthy/middle-upper class tourists.
As a result of the increased amount of cars, parking was much harder.
On Sunday in 1980, Kottak counted : 309 cars and 3 buses. On Monday, there were only 16 cars and 1 bus.
The increase of cars on peak tourist days shows how Arembepe changed from a town centered around its main inhabitants to one that catered to tourists and outsiders.
The separation of Arembepe into small neighborhoods/sub neighborhoods had replaced the community as a whole.
Arembepe was divided into smaller communities as a result.
This led to the disintegration of Arembepe's tight knit community because it separated the villagers and made it inconvenient for people to congregate as a whole.
In the 1960's, men would congregate at one of the very few bars, go home for dinner, and then meet up again on the chapel stoop.
Drinking at bars had also replaced community solidarity. This occurred because men began drinking in establishments near their homes.
After Jorge Camões opened a real estate office, challenges began to arise when he noticed all the social ties in Arembepe
Villagers became uncertain about lotting schemes because they were trying to live near there kin while outsiders were taking over
Villagers began to think that the outsiders were being favored
Economic Gain > Social Ties
Real estate values increased faster than inflation but as the nation economic miracle continued, most Arembepeiros were able to improve their homes.
15% of homes were wattle and daub in 1980 where as in the 60s they were pretty much all like that
Hippies had accents
Hippies were called parrots (papagaios)
Arembepe was cut off from outsiders and their languages
Arembepe's dialect is very different than Brazilian Portuguese
By 1973 people started rentingout beachfront houses to people from Salvador
Tomé, the well known fishing entrepreneur (mentioned earlier) left his wife for a hippie and moved into a shared rental house, separated by only a curtain
It was shared because Tomé cited a housing shortage. He and his partners were searching for a home for several months but any offer they put down wasn't enough because outsiders cornered the market
Renting became popular in Arembepe as the population increased
Arembepeiros weren't pleased that the outsiders would rent homes for a long period of time and treat it like their own
Arembepe's permanent immigrant population boosted from 24% in 1964 to 41% in 1980
In 1977 it was estimated that 2,500-3,000 lived from Arembepe to Jacuipe River (11Km North)
By 1980 their were 617 houses in Arembepe
It is difficult to census Arembepe accurately because many people who owned homes in the village live their only part of the year
After Kottak did his own quick census he's found out that
58% of the 130 homes he surverys belonged to non-arembepeiros
47% of houses were inhabited year round
Hippies' Socio-economic Backgrounds
Arembepieros insisted that hippies must come from background of wealth
Hippies participated in the cultural pattern of traveling to warmer beaches.
Hippies: João and Maxine
João made money to support his travels
Maxine came from a privileged background
Hippies' views on Race
Residents of Brazil's southern cities see race in terms of black, white and mulato.
In Arembepe, there are many more terms and distinction that are racially appropriate: Kottak's simplified statistical analysis of Arembepe's racial variation is scaled into:
Clash of Cultures
Community spirit and generosity had been replaced by self-interest and capitalism
There was contrast between that which is natural and that which is artificial
João lamented the loss of the primitive and simplistic beauty of Arembepe
Alberto stood for culture - lights, electricity, roads, cars, tourism, business - changes he thought made things better for him.
Aremebepe vs Outsiders
Outsiders were the majority of the customers for business in Arembepe
There was a separation between long term and short term visitors as well as “hippies” or poorer tourists and wealthier tourists that sought leisure in Arembepe
Arembepeiros had little respect for outsiders, declining service, and even ostracizing them, but their respect would grow over the years.
Although most hippies had left in 1980, those who stayed on were regarded by Arembepeiros as permanent residents.
There are those who believed that the hippies were good people, who took part in the village economy and social atmosphere but this feeling was not the same for all of Arembepe. Many villagers still felt resentful of the hippies who had taken over their land and influenced their young.
The hippies of Arembepe chose to be loose and free, “reminiscent of laid back American surfer dudes”
They wore very little clothing, spoke little, and feared the destruction of civilization, and therefore went in search of a “purer life”
Hippies shared the ideas of the rejection of urban life and the search for purity and a communal lifestyle
Other aspects of the hippies subculture involved a vegetarian diet and spiritist religion
Important traits that defined the way hippies acted and displayed were hair and dress.
They usually were naked or barely clothed, hairy, with flowers in their hair.
Their lifestyle was very minimalistic. They ate a diet of bread and soda pop, bathed in the nude in the lagoon, and smoked marijuana.