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Bray And The Normans

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Ms Connolly

on 23 October 2014

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Transcript of Bray And The Normans

Bray And The Normans
Ireland before the Normans
Before the Normans
took over Ireland
it was divided up
into kingdoms. They
were Leinster, Munster, Connacht, Breifine,
Oriel, Uladh, Tirowen
and The kingdom of
the north Tirconnel.

Diarmaid mac Murrough
Diarmaid Mac Murrough was the king of Leinster.
He had lots of enemies and the name of some of his enimies were
Ruairi O'Connor
and Tiernan O'Rourke.
Diarmaid Mac Murrough was banished from Leinster by Ruairi O'Connor. So he went to
England to ask King Henry for help. King Henry agreed and offered the help of Richard De Clare.
Diarmaid promised Richard two things if he agreed to help: To be king of Leinster when he died and to marry his daughter Aoife.
Diarmaid died in 1169.

Richard De Clare / Strongbow
Strongbow was a Norman knight who got his name because he was strong and was a very good archer. He married Aoife Mac Murrough in Waterford after he landed in Ireland the daughter of Diarmaid.
Motte and bailey

When a Norman took over Irish land they first built a motte and bailey. This was because they needed protection from attack quickly.
A motte and bailey is like a castle but not quite.
It's walls are made out of wood to protect the village with a wooden tower. A castle is more upgraded with stone walls and tower.
A Castle is like a motte and bailey but it is made
of stone and it has its own towers and it's more
upgraded than a motte and bailey.
Sir Milo de Cogan
Sir Milo De Cogan became the Norman Governer of Dublin - Yes the normans were very organised.
He was nearly killed by John The Mad, a Viking warrior, by chopping off his head but Walter De Riddesford saved him. In honour of saving his life he gave him Bray.
The First Landings
Stongbow sent the first Normans to Ireland. 500 men landed in 1169 in Bannow Bay, County Wexford. He put Robert Fitzstephen in charge and they took over Wexford.
A few months later, Strongbow arrived with 1,000 soldiers. They took over Waterford town and then marched up to Dublin.
Castles in Bray
Walter De Riddesford built his castle
behind St Paul's Church down at the
end of Bray beside the south side of the river Dargle
There are 3 other castles in Bray. Oldcourt castle. There was one on the other side of the Dargle where Super Valu is. There was another one by unknown.
Viking 'John The Mad' was a Breserkir (meaning bearskin) a particulary fierce Viking warrior caste who covered themselves in grease and wode and donned bearskins before going into battle, they would work themselves into a frenzy before the fighting and showed no fear during combat. It was this man who was about to remove Milo De Cogan's head when he was killed by Walter De Riddlesford who earned the valuable grants of land in the Bray and Castledermot areas.
How Bray Grew
By the the 1300's there were 48 houses in Bray with a population of 200 people. Bray was a fishing village.
From then the population and houses have been growing gradually.
It wasn't until the train came to Bray that the population really exploded.
The O' Byrne and O' Toole Clans
For the first hundred years after the Normans arrived there was peace between the English and Irish. A basic weakness of the Normans was that there was not enough of them to settle all of the lands, even in Wicklow.
In many cases the native Irish had remained working the lands that they owned before. In Wicklow the O' Byrnes and the O' Tooles began to use the Mountains as their fortress. The Wicklow Mountains became known as The Land of War, where the O' Byrnes and the O'Tooles were out of reach of even the most daring of the kings and soldiers.
For nearly 300 years these families terrorised the countryside around Dublin and were a thorn in the side of the Normans.
On one occasion in July 1402 the lord mayor of Dublin led the armed citizens against the O'Byrnes led by Donncha O'Byrne who were defeated. This battle took place at Ravenswell in Bray
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