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Developing Assessments for Learning Experiences in Science

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by

Joanna Bruno

on 6 January 2016

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Transcript of Developing Assessments for Learning Experiences in Science

Types of Classroom Assessment
Formative:
Used to guide instruction and occur during the course of a unit of instruction and may be formal or informal in nature.

Summative:
Used to support decisions made beyond the classroom and may be administered at the end of a unit of instruction to provide evidence of achievement.
Formative Assessment
May be used to identify students’ strengths and weaknesses, assist educators in planning subsequent instruction, assist students in guiding their own learning by evaluating and revising their own work, and foster students’
sense of autonomy and responsibility for their own learning (Andrade and Cizek, 2010, p. 4).
Summative Assessments
Designed to provide evidence of achievement that can be used in decision making, such as assigning grades; making promotion or retention decisions; and classifying test takers according to defined performance categories, such as “basic,” “proficient,” and “advanced” (levels often used in score reporting) (Andrade and Cizek, 2010, p. 3).
Assessment tasks need to be designed so that they can accurately locate students along a sequence of progressively more complex understandings of a core idea and successively more sophisticated applications of practices and crosscutting concepts (Conclusion 2-2).
Students will likely need repeated exposure to investigations and tasks, guidance about what is expected of them, and opportunities for reflection on their performance to develop proficiencies.
This presentation was informed by a publication from the National Academies Press:
Developing Assessments for the Next Generation Science Standards (2014).

The PDF is available at http://nap.edu/18409
Benchmark and Interim Assessments
Many districts use these assessments in a formative way
They are designed to provide an estimate of students’ level of learning
Schools may use them is a diagnostic way since they provide general information
The type of assessment selected/created depends on its ultimate use; whether formative or summative.
Developing Assessments for Learning Experiences in Science
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