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Christmas Traditions Around the World

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Agnė Tamašauskaitė

on 14 November 2012

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Transcript of Christmas Traditions Around the World

Christmas in Egypt Egypt's Christian Copts celebrate Christmas on the 7th of January. Advent is observed for forty days Special Christmas meal "Fata" On the Eve of Christmas everyone goes to church
wearing a completely new outfit. On Christmas morning people visit friends and neighbors with "Kaik" that is eaten with a drink called 'shortbat'. Christmas in Spain Christmas season officially begins December 8, the feast of the Immaculate Conception After midnight streets fill with dancers and onlookers. The traditional Spanish Christmas dinner is 'Pavo Trufado de Navidad' Christmas Eve is a time for family members to gather together to rejoice and feast around the Nativity scenes that are present in nearly every home. 'Pavo Trufado de Navidad' Special Christmas dance called the Jota The Spanish especially honor the cow at Christmas because it is thought that when Mary gave birth to Jesus the cow in the stable breathed on the Baby Jesus to keep him warm. In Egypt, Santa is called Baba Noël (meaning Father Christmas). Children of Spain receive gifts on the feast of the Epiphany Christmas in Australia In Australia, Christmas comes in the middle of the summer holidays People also decorate their houses and gardens with Christmas Trees and Christmas lights. Australians hang wreaths on their front doors and sometimes go out Christmas carol singing on Christmas eve. Most towns and cities have festivals and parades. In some places, at the local park there is a fireworks display. When Santa gets to Australia, he gives the reindeer a rest and uses kangaroos or 'six white boomers'. He also changes his clothes for less 'hot' ones Most families try to be home together for Christmas and the main meal is eaten at lunch time. Christmas in Sweden Christmas Eve is very important in Sweden. This is when the main meal (well really a feast) is eaten. Christmas in Portugal Father Christmas ('Pai Natal') is believed to bring presents to children on Christmas Eve, rather than Christmas Day. The presents are left under the Christmas Tree or in shoes by the fireplace. Traditional Christmas meal is eaten during the evening of Christmas Eve and consists of codfish with green vegetables and boiled potatoes. After the meal, people go to church where an image of baby Jesus is brought out, and everyone queues up to kiss it. After the service people return home, and open their presents. People that don't go to a midnight service will put the gifts under the tree and the family will open the gifts when they wake up. Every house has a rich table set in the living room full with traditional food The traditional Christmas cake is 'Bolo Rei' (which means 'King Cake') and is placed in the center of the table. Christmas in Japan Christmas is not widely celebrated in Japan as not many people there are Christians. Christmas in known as more of a time to spread happiness rather than a religious celebration. Parties are often held for children, with games and dancing.
The traditional Japanese christmas food is christmas cake, which is a sponge cake decorated with trees, flowers and a figure of Santa Claus. Christmas in Mexico Christmas is celebrated from the December 12th to January 6th. A baby Jesus is put into the manger and then families go to a midnight Church service After the Church service there are fireworks to celebrate the start of Christmas. In Mexico, children get their main presents at Epiphany (January 6th) The presents are left by the Three Kings, El Niñito Dios' (baby Jesus) & Santo Clós (Santa Claus) It's traditional to eat a special cake called 'Rosca de Reyes' (Three Kings Cake) on Epiphany. Christmas in Greece On Christmas Eve, children, often go out singing 'kalanda' (carols) in the streets. Most houses have a shallow wooden bowl with a piece of wire which is suspended across the rim. Every December, in Aristotelous Square in the city of Thessaloniki a huge Christmas Tree and three masted sailing ships are put up. Going to a Midnight Mass Service is very important for most Greeks. After the service people can go home and end their Advent fast. The main Christmas meal is often Lamb or pork roasted in an oven or over an open spit. A traditional table decoration are loaves of 'christopsomo' (Christ bread). In Greece, presents are often brought to children by Aghios Vassilis / (Saint Basil) on the 1st Janaury. People in Greece also celebrate Epiphany on the 6th January. Epiphany festivals also have blessings of boats & ships and music, dancing and lots of food. Christmas in India Christmas is quite a small festival in India Midnight mass is a very important service for Christians in India. Churches in India are decorated with Poinsettia flowers and candles for the Christmas Eve Midnight Mass service. After the mass is over, they line up in all somberness for the host from the mass priest. Since fir trees are a scarcity, they decorate mango and banana trees Friends and families get together after church and enjoy a hearty Christmas dinner, comprising of the local specialties. In rural South India, the people light little clay lamps inside and outside their houses, celebrating the advent of the Holy Child. Here, Christmas can sometimes continue from Christmas Eve until the early hours of Christmas day In north-west India christians go out night after night for a week at Christmas to sing their own carols the whole night through. In India, Father Christmas or Santa Claus delivers presents to children from a horse and cart. Christmas in Italy In Sweden, the celebration of Christmas lasts almost two months. Christmas decorations may include candles, apples, Swedish flags, small gnomes wearing red tasseled caps, straw ornaments. Desserts include a rice pudding Children in Sweden look forward on Christmas Eve to gifts brought by Jultomten (today a cross between a little gnome and the German/British Santa Klaus) Christmas Day in Sweden is spent in church. At three o'clock in the afternoon all the children stop to watch the Disney special "From All Of Us To All Of You." On the 20th day the holiday season concludes, the Christmas tree is taken down and Christmas is over for another year Christmas in Lithuania Preparations for Christmas starts early in the morning on Christmas Eve The table is set with plates and decorated with small fir tree branches and candles. A plate of Christmas wafers is placed in the center. Supper started when the sun goes down and the first stars appear in the sky. The meal served on Christmas Eve did not include meat, milk products or eggs. It consisted of twelve dishes, one for each Apostle Everyone was expected to eat some of each dish served; it was considered unlucky to skip a dish. There is a custom of cutting a small fir tree and bringing it home to decorate for Christmas Santa Claus brought presents only for children, who were required to earn them by performing for everyone present. The unique straw ornaments, so typical of Lithuanian Christmas trees today As midnight approached, the uneaten food on the supper table was left to stand overnight The first day of Christmas is considered most sacred Children find their presents under the Christmas tree in the morning Christmas season lasts until the Feast of Epiphany on January 6. Lithuanian traditional Christmas food Christmas Traditions Around the World Candelaria which is on the 2nd February and is the end of the Mexican christmas celebrations On Christmas day children are blindfolded and taken to try and break a decorated clay pińata that dangles and swings at the end of a rope People go home after they receive the special bread called 'qurban' (meaning sacrifice) at the end of the service. Coptic churches are decorated with candles and lamps on Christmas to remind the Coptic Christians of when Joseph lit candles to keep Mary warm during the birth of Jesus. In Japan it is common to give Christmas presents. Most Japanese families would have a Christmas tree and now it is becoming very common to have lights on the outside of houses. Christmas in Greenland A typical, traditional Greenlandic Christmas begins on the fourth Sunday before Christmas (the first day of Advent) In the weeks leading up to Christmas in Greenland, colorful decorations are put up Families like to visit each other and have parties On Christmas Eve, Church Services are held and most people go to them, many in national costume. Christmas Trees have to be imported, because no trees grow as far north as Greenland. Typical tree decorations include candles, ornaments and handcrafted items. People who don't use an import tree, might have a traditional driftwood tree decorated with heather. There are some rather unusual foods eaten at Christmas time in Greenland: 'Mattak', 'Kiviak' "Mattak" It is tradition on Christmas night that the men look after the women, serving their food and coffee for them. When Christmas is over, Greenland quiets down at the end of December and awaits the New Year. Christmas is celebrated on the 24kt of December Literature list http://www.whychristmas.com/cultures http://www.santas.net/aroundtheworld.htm http://goscandinavia.about.com/od/christmastraditions/qt/christmasgreenland.htm http://www.happywink.org/christmas-day/christmas-in-india.html http://www.the-north-pole.com/around/spain.html http://www.japan-guide.com/e/e2299.html http://www.gojapango.com/culture/christmas.html http://www.the-north-pole.com/around/australia.html http://www.timeanddate.com/holidays/australia/christmas-day http://www.lithaz.org/arts/xmas.html Agne Tamasauskaite
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