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Did Gladstone lose the 1874 election or did Disraeli win it?

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Jake Madgwick Lawton

on 17 September 2014

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Transcript of Did Gladstone lose the 1874 election or did Disraeli win it?

An analysis of two political heavyweight rivals battling for control
Prime Ministerial Approach
1837: Enters Parliament

1841: 'Looked over' by Peel

1844: Young England

1846: Corn Law Debacle

1848: Leader of the Commons

1851-52: Chancellor

1858: Chancellor

1868: Leader of the Opposition, PM

1874-1880: PM

1881: Death
Dandified novelist
Accused of prioritizing style over substance
The father of 'One Nationism'
Prime Minister, Chancellor of the Exchequer
Leading figure in the passage of the 1867 Reform Act
Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield
The Tories
Up until the 1830s
The Whigs
The Conservatives
The Whigs
The Protectionists
The Whigs
The Peelites
The Conservatives
(Disraeli + Derby)
The Liberals
(Palmerston and Gladstone)
1832: Entry into Parliament

1841-43: Vice-President of the Board of Trade

1843-45: President of the Board of the Trade

1845-46: Colonial Secretary

1852-55: Chancellor under Aberdeen

1859-66: Chancellor under Palmerston

1868-74: PM

1880-85: PM

1886: PM

1892-94: PM

1898: Death
Christian moralist - the seminal figure in the formation of the Liberal Party
Reformer - G.O.M.
Prime Minister, Chancellor, Colonial Minister, President of the Board of Trade
An idealist - academically brilliant
The complete opposite of Disraeli, in most aspects
William Ewart Gladstone
Prime Ministerial Approach
Prime Ministerial Approach
Similar to Peel
Willingness to sacrifice Party consensus for 'the greater good'
More fluid practitioner
'The most consistent strain within Disraeli's political career was his determination to gain and to keep political power'
Willing to sacrifice ideology to remain at the top of the 'greasy pole'
Everyday Management
Owed a great deal to Peel's model of interventionism
Personal control over aspects of government- became difficult for him to run the Government on his own
A delegator - relied on Sandon, Cross and Derby
A result of his unique views regarding the role of the Prime Minister
Gladstone's everyday approach
to governance relied upon his experience
of Peel's 1841-46 Ministry (outdated) - Disraeli, not purposefully retreated from this proactive model (more suited to his needs)
Reform and ideology
Gladstonian Liberalism
Disraelian Conservatism
'Peel was the progenitor of Gladstonian

Christian, moral reform
Legislative programme
One Nationism
Progressive, reforming Conservatism

‘the Party of change but change going along with the customs of the people rather than change according to some grand plan’

David Cameron
Preservation, alongside
To conclude - why did Disraeli win?
Why Disraeli won?
Failure of Gladstone's 1868-74 Government to fulfill it's manifesto

One Nationism
and the ultimate success of his 1867 electoral reform act
Disraeli created an '
illustrated vision
', that won the support of the working class
Gladstone's foremost influence was
religion and morality
, as opposed to Disraeli who was guided by
political nous
Did Gladstone lose the 1874 election or did Disraeli win it?
1867 Reform Bill

Increased the size of the electorate by around 80 per cent and ensured that in boroughs in England and Wales had a majority of working class voters
'Disraeli, like a sculptor looking at a block of marble and seeing an angel within, looked at the working class and saw solid Tory voters'

'His efforts in the early 1870's in giving the party a more acceptable popular appeal should earn a place of respect for him...and it undoubtedly helped the Conservatives win the general election of 1874'

'The government of 1868-74 completely mismanaged its legislative programme and Gladstone's leadership showed a weakness'

'Alienation of the workmen...who were irritated, weary and alarmed by the Liberals they had elected'


'The alienation of the working men only accounted for only 15-20 seats...the main factor in Gladstone's defeat (of 1874) was the middle class fright at seeing the economic ideals of J.S. Mill being thrust into politics under the Liberals'


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