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Shaken Baby Syndrome

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by

Jacqueline Jordan

on 4 December 2015

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Transcript of Shaken Baby Syndrome

Shaken Baby Syndrome
Check to see if the baby is sick:
-temperature
-gums
swollen, red, drooling (teething)
-ears
warm, red draining
-vomiting
-diarrhea
-allergies
runny nose, red eyes
clear=allergies, green=infection
Same baby...
Same day...
Conclusion
Babies eat, sleep, poop, and cry!
-Crying is normal!
-Most babies cry 2-3 hours a day for the 1st 2 -3 months of life
-5 p.m. to Midnight is often a fussy time
-Babies cry for many reasons
-ALL babies will have times when they CANNOT stop crying.


Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS)
-Term used to describe the many signs
and symptoms resulting from the violent shaking of an infant or young child.
-Medical term used to describe the
injuries that can result if a baby is violently shaken.
-Violent shaking is one of the most
devastating forms of child abuse.


-A tired, frustrated caregiver and a crying baby can be a deadly combination leading a parent or other caregiver to shake a baby in a moment of frustration.



Signs and Symptoms of SBS
-Concussion
-Vomiting
-Irritability
-Lethargy
-Trouble feeding
-Sleepy
-Coma
-Broken bones
-Unusual crying
-Pale or bluish skin
-Not breathing
-Unconciousness

Colic
-“Colic” suggests intestinal distress
-Is something medically wrong with the
baby?
-Is the baby in pain?
-Does “infant colic” simply refer to a baby
that cries a lot?

If the infant is colicky:
-pull legs up to stomach
stomach problems/gas
-breast feeding
onions, garlic, broccoli, cauliflower, spicy foods, chocolate, etc.
-lactose intolerance
check with doctor, change formula (soy or goat)
-often outgrows colic by 3-4 months
more movement and solid food


Emotional Nurturing
-A parent responding to an infant’s cry is a vital part of EMOTIONAL NURTURING
-It will help the baby to learn to TRUST and BOND with the parents or caregivers
Soothing an irritable baby
-Feed baby slowly and burp baby often.
-Make baby as comfortable as possible, for example, check temperature and diaper.
-Provide gentle motion or relaxing sound.
-Is baby hungry? Thirsty? Bored? Anxious? Sleepy?
-Understand that all babies have times when they cannot stop crying.

When the caregiver is tired and baby cries a lot:
-Natural to feel FRUSTRATED
-High risk of LOSING CONTROL
-PLAN ahead what to do!

Share Out with Class
What do babies do?
4 Basic Cries
-the HUNGRY Cry
Rhythmical rise & fall - demanding not desperate
-the CRY of PAIN
Loud gasp - shrieks
-the BORED or GRUMBLING CRY
Low pitched - not demanding - increases when ignored
-the ANGRY CRY
Loud - demanding - not a type of cry until about 6 months of age

Check to see if basic needs are met:
-hungry
-burped
-diaper change
-clothing comfortable
-crying to relieve stress (pacifier)
-wants to be held
-room too hot or cold
Turn and talk: What is colic? What does it mean to be colicky? Were you or any baby you know or have heard of colicky?
Same baby...5 minutes apart
Difficult Developmental Phases
-Night crying
-Separation anxiety
-Exploratory behavior
-Negativism
-Loss of appetite
-Toilet training
Turn and talk:

What is Shaken Baby Syndrome?

What causes a caregiver to shake a baby?

What can happen to a baby as a result of Shaken Baby Syndrome?
Long Term Results
-Even with prompt medical attention 1 in 4 babies die.
-Those who survive may have lifelong conditions:
Blindness
Paralysis
Deafness
Learning disabilities
Coordination problems
Developmental disabilities
Seizures
Risk factors for being a victim:
-age
-gender
-greater demands for care, for example illness, pre-maturity, or other special needs of some kind

Who would shake a baby:
-Anyone, but some people are more at risk:
Late teens and early 20's
Males
Inexperience with babies
People with other risk factors – drug and alcohol use, mental illness, high stress, lack of self-control

Statistics
-70% of the perpetrators are MALE
(father, step-father, boyfriend, etc.)
-56% of the victims are male babies
-Average age of shaking is 3-8 months
-25% of the SBS victims die immediately after being shaken
-75% will live with complications because of the shaking
-SBS is the leading cause of death in infants due to child abuse/neglect.
-28% surviving victims return to THEIR HOMES.
-11% adopted by GRANDPARENTS
-11% placed in FOSTER CARE
Remember the Rule of 10
-Lay the baby on his back in his crib or another safe place.
-Stay 10 feet or more away.
-Slowly count to 10 or take 10 deep breaths to calm yourself down.
-After 10 minutes, check on the baby. Repeat if necessary.
-If you still feel stressed, call someone for help.

-It is ok to ask for help!
-Have the phone numbers of people who can help when the crying is too much.
-Someone who can come over right away and help like a family member or friend
-The baby’s doctor, or nurse helpline
-Local community resources


What helpful hints do you have for a parent who is overwhelmed?
-ALWAYS support the neck of infants, babies and small children.
-If upset - CALM DOWN before dealing with your child.
-When playing, never THROW or TOSS your child.
-Screen all babysitters carefully. Know their temperament.

Treat your baby right like these wonderful parents!
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