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Verbs, Adverbs, Conjunctions, Prepositions, and Interjections

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by

Justin Fodor

on 9 December 2013

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Transcript of Verbs, Adverbs, Conjunctions, Prepositions, and Interjections

Verbs, Adverbs, Prepositions, Conjunctions, and Interjections
Preposition
A word that shows a relationship between a noun or pronoun to another word
Phase 4
Adverb
Where? When? How? To What Extent?
Verb
A word used to express action or a state of being
Review
Can be classified three ways:

1) helping OR main verbs
2) action OR linking verbs
3) transitive OR intransitive verbs
HELPING VS MAIN

helping verbs
help the
main verb

together they make a

verb phrase
He
is

running
a lot.
Common helping verbs
am
is
are
was
were
be
being
been

do
does
did

has
had
have

can
could
should
would
shall
will
must
might
may

Dan
has been

swimming
everyday.
Action vs. Linking

action verbs express physical
or mental activities

EX) run, jump, paint, sneeze, play
linking verbs connect a subject
to a word/word group that identifies or describes the subject
Ex) am, is, are, was, were, be, being, been
appear, grow, look, stay, taste
Ex) J.K.
wrote
many great books.
Ex) The watermelon
looks
ripe.
Ex) The food
tastes
spicy.
*****Form of the verb "be" ARE NOT ALWAYS helping or linking verbs.

If followed by a word that tells
where
or
when
= state of being verb

EX) Your roller skates
are
in the attic.
*** some words from the helping verb chart can be used as main verbs.

EX) Did he
do
his homework?
Ex) My grandma
can tell
great stories.
POD8 (Copy the following directions and sentences):

Underline the verb(s) in each sentence

1. Uncle John watches Star Trek constantly.

2. Please sign your name and give me your paper.

3. I am smart and important.

Transitive vs. Intransitive Verbs


transitive verbs express an action
directed toward a person, place, thing, or idea
Ex) Joel
held
the baby
Ex)
Did
Grandpa
sharpen
the ax?
*** the subject does the verb and the object is being "verbed"
Intransitive verbs express action (or tells something about the subject) WITHOUT the action passing to the receiver
Ex) The twins
play
quietly
Ex) The teacher read aloud
Ex) Janet swam ten laps.
Janet swam well.
*****because linking verbs DO NOT have objects = intransitive verbs
ex) Slowly the man crawled down.
ex) Keisha has already completed her part of the subject.
ex) Where are you going?
Many adverbs end in -ly, but not ALL adverbs
Adverbs modifying adjectives
ex) the team is extremely proud of its record.
ex) The part was really loud last night.
ex) The class was unusually quiet today.
Adverbs modifying Verbs
ex) Louis promptly rounded up suspects.
ex) The couple was married nearby.
Adverbs modifying Adverbs
ex) Our guests left quite abruptly.
ex) He finished the problem more quickly than I did.
The noun or pronoun is called the object of preposition
Ex) The kite under the tree is stuck.
The kite near the tree is stuck.
The in front of the tree is stuck.
The kite in the tree is stuck.
**** As a general rule the object of preposition comes AFTER the preposition
Ex) Melissa is writing
about
her
stay


in
the
hospital

Commonly used prepositions
(clear your throat)
POD8 (Copy the following directions and sentences)

Underline the adverbs in each sentence

1. Usain Bolt ran the race very quickly.

2. I especially like chefs who cook food correctly.

3. So many children play video games religiously.
All together a prepositional phrase consists of the following:
1. preposition
2. object of the preposition
3. any modifiers of the object
ex) the tourists climbed
onto the crowded bus
**** be careful not confuse a prepositional phrase that begins with
to
with an infinitive that begins with
to
prep phrase : to town, to the store
infinitive: to yell, to burp
Adverb or Preposition?
some words may be used as prepositions AND adverbs
****remember that a preposition always has a noun as its object (an adverb does not)
prep) The plane circled above the field.
adv)The plan circled above.
prep) Please go inside the house soon.
adv) Please go inside soon.
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