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The Age of Jackson
Transcript of The Age of Jackson
1789-1829 President Jackson
1829-1837 The Big Idea
The expansion of voting rights and the election of Andrew Jackson signaled the growing power of the American people. Voting Reforms How did voting rights change in the early 1800s? Many states expanded voting rights to include more white men
Party members were allowed to nominate their electors Expansion of Democracy Democracy expanded in the 1820s as more Americans held the right to vote. Main Ideas
1. Democracy expanded in the 1820s as more Americans held the right to vote.
2. Jackson's 1828 election victory marked a change in American politics.
p. 322-324 of textbook Jacksonian Democracy America changed fast in the early 1800s.
Large-scale factories replaced workshops in the North.
Family farms gave way to cotton plantations in the South.
Wealth was concentrated among fewer people.
Many ordinary Americans believed the wealthy were tightening their grip on power in the United States.
Small farmers, frontier settlers, and slaveholders backed Andrew Jackson in the election of 1828.
They believed Jackson would defend the rights of common people and the slave states. Main Idea 1:
Democracy expanded in the 1820s as more Americans held the right to vote. Democracy spread in the early 1800s as more people became active in politics.
Democratic reforms made voting reform possible.
Many states lowered or eliminated the property
ownership requirement for men to be eligible to vote.
Political parties held nominating conventions
which allowed party members, not party leaders, to select candidates.
The period of expanding democracy in the
1820s and 1830s was called Jacksonian democracy. EXPLAIN: How did the change in the method of selecting electors expand democracy? The people instead of state legislatures were allowed to nominate electors. ANALYZE: Why do historians call the expansion of voting rights during this period Jacksonian Democracy? Because Jackson was a popular politician who supported majority rule and benefited from the expansion of democracy. EVALUATE: Why was Jackson a popular presidential candidate? He was a popular war hero, and supporters thought he would defend the rights of common people. Election of 1828 Jackson (TN) Adams (MA) Democratic Party National Republican Never attended college Havard Defender of the common man Out of touch with everyday people Jackson defeated Adams with a record number of popular votes John C. Calhoun (SC) Served as Jackson's 1st Vice President Jackson's Cabinet Jackson's Cabinet Martin Van Buren (NY) Served as Secretary of State Main Idea 2:
Jackson’s victory in the election of 1828 marked a change in American politics. Andrew Jackson supporters saw Jackson victory as win for common people.
His inauguration was described as a mob scene "What a scene did we witness! . . . a rabble, a mob, of boys, . . . women, children, scrambling, fighting, romping . . . Cut glass and china to the amount of several thousand dollars had been broken . . . But it was the people's day, and the people's President, and the people would rule."
Margaret Bayard Smith Jackson rewarded some of his supporters with government jobs. This practice is called the spoils system. Originally from "to the victor belong the spoils (valued goods) of the enemy." Spoils System Kitchen Cabinet In 1831, Jackson dismissed 5/8 of his cabinet over a scandal known as the Eaton affair. Still in need of help, Jackson turned to his Kitchen Cabinet The Kitchen Cabinet, was an informal group of trusted advisers who sometimes met in the White House kitchen. Main Idea 2: Election of 1828
Jackson's 1828 election victory marked a change in American politics. IDENTIFY: Who were the candidates in the 1828 election and what party did they represent? John Quincy Adams, National Republican;
Andrew Jackson, Democratic Party DRAW CONCLUSIONS: Why did Jackson's supporters view his victory as a win for common people? Because most of his supporters were farmers and settlers, as opposed to members of the eastern elite. MAKE JUDGMENTS: What is your opinion of the spoils system? Approve- an appropriate reward for hard work;
Disapprove- could lead to corruption Vice President during Jackson's 2nd administration