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Erik Erikson

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Amy Adams

on 31 March 2013

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Transcript of Erik Erikson

By: Amy Adams & Gina Chung Erik Erikson Work Cited *His biological parents weren't married when he was conceived
* Information about biological father remains limited
* He later married Joan Serson in 1930 (he converted to Christianity during their marriage)
*Soon after he graduated from Vienna Psychoanalytic Institute in 1933, Erikson and his wife emigrated to Denmark
* They had 3 children, Kai T. Erikson, Sue Erikson and Jon Erikson Family Life * Identity: acceptance of both society and self, a concept that must be achieved at every stage, but especially important during adolescence
* Stage: a developmental period during which characteristic patterns of behavior are exhibited and certain capacities became established
*Psychological Theory of Development: Erikson's theory that personality develops through 8 stages of adaptive functioning to meet demands framed by society Vocabulary & Theory *Birth-1 year old
*Is my world predictable and supportive?
*Babies must find consistency, predictability and reliability in their caregiver's behaviors to gain a sense of hope and trust Stage 1 : Trust vs. Mistrust *http://psychology.about.com/library/bl_psychosocial_summary.htm
*Weiten, Wayne, and Wayne Weiten. "Chapter 11." Psychology. Themes and Variations. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning, 2007. N. pag. Print. If needs are met...
*Attachment & trusting attitudes are formed

If needs are not met...
*Distrusting personality may result Stage 2: Autonomy vs Shame & Doubt *1-3 years old
*Can I do things myself or must rely on others?
*The child begins to explore and make choices in order to understand what is manageable and socially acceptable
*Child learns rules that he/she must follow Blast from the Past * Born on June 15, 1920 near Frankfort, Germany
*Past away in May of 1994
* Studied art and languages rather than subjects
pertaining to science
*Traveled the world instead of going to college
(didn't like the formal education program)
*In 1933 Erikson became Boston's first child analyst
*In 1936 he worked at Harvard University at Institute of Human Relations and taught at the Medical School
*Based his theories off of Sigmund Freud
*Published his most famous book called:
Childhood society Methods of Research Stage 3: Initiative vs Guilt Important Events:
* Feeding If needs are met...
*Gains a sense of independence

If needs are not met...
*Results in a sense of shame and doubt Important Events:
*Toilet Training *3-6 years old
*Am I good or am I bad?
*Child begins to set plans and make goals Important Events:
*Exploration If needs are met...
*Sense of purpose

If needs are not met...
*Sense of Guilt Stage 4: Industry vs Inferiority *Age 6 to puberty
*Am I competent or am I worthless?
*The child needs to manage new social and academic skills. Important Events:
*School If needs are met...
*There is confidence in ability to complete a task successfully
*Value achievement

If needs are not met...
*Feelings of Inferiority Stage 5: Identity vs Confusion Important Events:
*Social Relationships If needs are met...
*Ability to stay true to yourself

If needs are not met...
*Confusion of who you are Stage 6: Intimacy vs Isolation Important Events:
*Relationships If needs are met...
*Strong relationship

If needs are not met...
*Loneliness Stage 7: Generativity vs Self-Absorption Important Events:
*Parenthood If needs are met...
*Feelings of usefulness

If needs are not met...
*Shallow involvement in the world Stage 8: Integrity vs Despair Important Events:
*Reflection on Life If needs are met...
*Feelings of wisdom

If needs are not met...
*Feelings of regret, despair and bitterness Criticism *Puberty-18 (young adult) years old
*Who am I and where am I going?
*Develop a sense of personal identity *19-40 years old
*Shall I share my life with another or live alone?
*Needs to form intimate, loving relationships with other people *40-65 years old
*Will I produce something of real value?
*Assist the younger generation in developing and leading useful lives *Age 65-Death
*Have I lived full life?
*Look back on life a feel a sense of fulfillment. *Depended on illustrative case studies. These can be interpreted in many different ways
*Based on the ideal personality type so it does not explain how the individual's personality differences come into play * Experimentation: Erikson used Psychotherapy with patients in order to understand their mental state and cognition patterns
* For example: He was a child analyst for a while and helped traumatized soldiers who were affected by WWII
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