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Transcript of Inuit Prezi
Spears, bows and arrows, clubs and stone traps were used for hunting. Drum dances usually happened in big igloos with up to 60 people.
The drums were made usually from caribou skin or walrus stomach or bladder that was stretched over a wooden hoop.
They told the story of the spirits, welcomed travelers etc. through song and dance. Hooded Seals
Caribou The Inuit hunted animals as their main food source because there was very little vegetation which survived in the Arctic due to the cold harsh climate. Made out of:
Parts of animals such as:
horns. Caribou was one of the most important animals to the inuit because they could be used for food, weaponry material, and clothing. Citations Food Hunting •The Inuit were skilled hunters and were able to catch food all throughout the year. "Inuit Today." Inuit Tipiriit Kanatami. ITK, n.d. Web. 12 Apr. 2013. <www.itk.ca>. Findlay, Heather, and Anna Sajecki. "The Arctic People - Food/Hunting/Tools." First Peoples of Canada. Goldi Productions Ltd. 2007, n.d. Web. 12 Apr. 2013. <http://firstpeoplesofcanada.com> Preparing the Food The first way was to cook the food and eat it fresh. But this method was not used frequently because of the shortage of fuel. The second way was to dry or freeze the meat so they could eat it later. The third and most common method was to just eat the meat raw. Fishing Fishing was more important in some areas than in others. The popular fish was the Arctic Char They used a kayak in the summer and cut holes in the ice to fish in the winter. The "ulu" is a special knife that is used for skinning, preparing and butchering the animal. Shelter Throat Singing was performed by two women in a competition. They were nomadic people because they followed the animal migration and the weather.
Their residences were quick and easy to build
Built tents out of driftwood or poles covered with animal skin which was held down by boulders
Would form large villages in the summer and disperse in the winter
During the winter they would live in self made igloos
Sleeping platforms were made of ice blocks covered with fur A ceremony called the Bladder dance was performed after a hunt because they thought the soul of the animal was found in the bladder Clothing Clothing was made mostly from animal skins and furs.
They wore many layers to protect them from the cold.
Caribou skin was the most popular material because it gave good insulation and was light. They would layer it so one layer of fur was facing inwards and another facing outwards.
They would wear up to four layers of footwear in the winter. Inuit of the western arctic (Inuvialuit) lived in the richest part of the high arctic and had access to trees.
Built permanent log and sod houses to live in during the winter
Had the floor lower than ground level to maximize warmth and fireplaces as well
There were villages of 20-30 of these Animals they used for clothes •squirrel
•bird skin & feathers
•seal skin In the Summer they used boats such as Kayaks and the Umiak and in Winter they used dog sleds. (They traveled by foot as well of course) The Inuit believed that all living and non-living things had a spirit. The Inuit People Today -Have all the modern things such as cell phones, computers, and more.
-Stick to their culture
-Buy food and clothes from the store just like us and live in normal houses
-Many still hunt to follow tradition A FUN FACT Open adoption is a long-standing tradition and frequent practice in Inuit communities. It carries none of the controversy of “Southern” adoptions. Adopted children grow up knowing their birth parents and blood relatives as well as their adoptive families. Current Problems Harsh climate makes it hard to grow local food so most of all of th food is imported, which results in high costs.
Because of the 6-9 months of darkness lead to depression and substance abuse. Transportation Religion The Inuit believed in animism: all living and non-living things had a spirit. That included people, animals, inanimate objects, and forces of nature.
When a spirit died, it continued living in a different world- the spirit world.
The only people who had enough power to control the spirits were the powerful religious leaders called the Shamans or 'Angakoks'. Shamans used charms and dances as a means to communicate with the spirit world.
Here are rules that needed to be followed in order to appease the spirits:
Women were not allowed to sew caribou skins inside igloos on sea ice during the winter.
The Inuit people did not eat sea mammal and land mammal meat at the same meal.
A knife used for killing whales had to be wrapped in sealskin, not caribou skin.
After killing a seal, melted snow had to be dripped into its mouth to quench the spirit's thirst.
The Inuit saved the bladder of the hunted animals, because the belief was that the spirit was found inside.